Langston Hughes is a well known as an American poet. Langston Hughes was born James Mercer Langston Hughes on February 1, 1902, and died 65 years later May 22, 1967. Langston Hughes made his mark in literature during the Harlem Renaissance as more than just a poet. Langston Hughes was a novelist, playwright, and social activist. Through his works he spoke out on racism, inequality all while still celebrating Black Culture.
The Scottsboro Trials and To Kill a Mockingbird In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, the famous father named Atticus says “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view… until you climb into his skin and walk around in it (Judith 2). This quote is said during a time of intense racism. “Not long after Obama took office, the National Urban League released its 2009 State of Black America report. The findings showed that racial inequities continued in employment, housing, health care, education, criminal justice, and other areas” (Buckley 1). This essay will primarily focus on the criminal justice area of this when discussing the Scottsboro trials and comparing the trials to the famous novel To Kill a Mockingbird.
Homer Plessy correlates with Christmas, because he was an “octoroon”, meaning he was one-eighth black by descent (Wittenberg 148). Christmas struggled with his racial identity throughout the novel. Faulkner highlights his appearance as both black and white: “He watched his body grow white out of the darkness like a Kodak print emerging from the liquid.” (Faulkner 46) This allows the reader to empathize with Christmas with his continuous struggle to interpret how he identifies himself. Along with the internal conflict, Christmas also faced an external conflict with Jefferson’s townspeople. Since he was a child, he experienced racial slurs and discrimination, which demonstrated the emotional abuse he experienced.
The murders served as a cautionary tale to women who dared to walk the streets alone, and a means of “keeping them disciplined” (Still Public). A direct result from these murders was a phenomenon that still happens very, very often today: victim blaming (Our Jack). In other words, these murders have been blown off often with a, “she had it coming” instead of properly attributing the fault of the murder to the murderer (Our Jack). Women of the time were terrified to have to walk the streets alone for any reason, and would be shamed for doing so should anything happen to them regardless of their situation (Our Jack). It also sparked many “puritan campaigns” against prostitution, which shows where the people’s priorities truly lied (Still Public).
There has always been a fear of black male sexuality, perpetuated by stories of white women being raped and defiled by black men. When Mayella Ewell makes the charge of rape, Tom's judgment comes not from the facts, but the stereotypes that clouded every jury member and every citizen of the town. They do not take the time to understand Tom, but fear and hate him unfairly. The only mistake he made was that he took pity on Mayella and often helped her by helping her in the household chores that he needed help in. He pitied Mayella for her deplorable condition and so helped her whenever possible.
The chapter covers various cases in which there were lies that were being told by the white women regarding them being raped by the Afro-Americans. The chapter covers the how the white women who had black children were treated in the society, and this is regarding being considered as outcasts, and they were divorced, disgraced, and in other cases, they were cashed from their homes. The third chapter of the book is “the new cry.” This chapter covers the plea of sympathy that was done by the southerners towards the northerners and this is because the whites who had sympathy for the lunching were deemed to have no sympathy for the white women who were victims of rape from the Afro-Americans. The cry has also been associated with various effects, and this is because the lynch law was being implemented at any time wherever the concerns was linked to the Afro-Americans. The fourth chapter of the book is “the malicious and untruthful white press.” This is a chapter of the book that covers how the white press was spreading lies about the Afro-Americans at the time.
In this section I will however only address the centrality of racism and white supremacy as theme of CRT in the context of the book. Racism Charles Lawrence asserts that American racism is prevalent and is unconscious .After Mr Radley fired his gun, the neighbors assumed that “Mr Radley shot a Negro in his collard patch.” They made this conclusion without solid proof that it was indeed a black man. Racial prejudice runs so deep that even the children have come accustomed to it. Scout was teased by her classmate and cousin Francis because Atticus was defending a black man. Although Calpurnia has been useful to the Finch family, Aunt Alexandra refuses Scout to visit Calpurnia and incites Atticus to fire her because she is black.
“Brownies” rough draft In Brownies, ZZ Packer uses a troop leader’s beliefs of racisms and follows crowd because they want to fit in with everyone. The symbolism leaders and friendship. Brownies are a group of young African American who have a plan on seeking revenge on some White females they think that are being racist towards them, but in the end it was never what they expected. Growing up in this time where racism was very high the girls did not ever experience any white people to ever be nice or not ever have anything bad to say about them. In this story everything is the exact opposite which makes this story so appealing.
Although the theme is the same the characters act very different. In “The Watsons Go To Birmingham” the kids are upset society. In the play “The Watsons Go To Birmingham” the theme is courage because the Watson kids march illegally. The reason they did that is because, Alabama had specific rules about what race could do what, and the Watsons along
The motif of getting into someone else’s shoes is represented throughout To Kill A Mockingbird as the children in the novel struggle to understand each other and their world. Scout, Dill, and Jem try to use these messages of compassion in their world, but it doesn’t make any affect and they constantly see people abusing others because of prejudice. These messages target readers in the 1960’s and today, because we witness the same abuse of innocent people and understand that these actions are wrong, yet no one strives for change and the horrors continue. While Lee builds the idea of getting into someone else’s shoes, the perspective of children and subplots throughout the novel highlight that without acting on new beliefs and applying forgiveness, prejudice will pass onto the next generation.