The Westboro Baptist Church member are proponents of extremist Christian ideology. Their first amendment rights should not be violated solely to shield others from the Church’s message. Therein the church should be permitted to protest soldier’s funerals. According to court records taken during the Snyder v. Phelps case, the protest held at Lance Corporal Matthew Snyder’s funeral was both legal and constitutional. The Court interpreted the “content, form and context” of the message to if any rights were violated.
In the book Smith writes about the presidencies such as the following George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, and George W. Bush. The book starts off with the following quote said by Jean Bethke Elshtain, “’Separation of church and state is one thing. Separation of religion and politics is another thing altogether. Religion and politics flow back and forth in American civil society all the time – always have, always will. How could it be otherwise?’.” This quote means that it is okay for a president to use religion in his politics and bring a faithful aspect to the table.
The Constitution uses division of powers in order to prevent tyranny from occurring. James Madison, a man who was very dedicated towards our Constitution, decided upon dividing the government into two different sections, state and central, this idea is known as federalism. Powers needed to run a country are granted to the central governments, a few of those powers are printing and coin money, declare war, and regulate trade, and powers given to the state governments are the ability to hold elections, establish schools, and set up local governments. ( Document A ). The idea of federalism is important because it has a major effect on the prevention tyranny.
Obedience is an interesting topic to not just analyze, but try to understand. When someone speaks of obedience, you may immediately think government, by the law, or anything directed in a legal point of view. In the play and the witch hunts, government strongly relates to manipulation of God. Being that the people are only knowing of a Puritan society, that bases all of their life customs on their religion, government merged into the wishes of God, along with the theories on good and evil that stem from the Bible. This type of obedience, although it is created from religion, uses the court to implement what they want done.
One of the many landmark cases heard by the United States Supreme Court in American history was Lemon vs Kurtzman. In 1971 the Supreme Court had to decide if states could give money to certain religious based schools to hire staff even if the teachers couldn’t teach religious classes. The first amendment to the Constitution established the law of separation of church and state. What is the established boundary between church and state? This case would be the defining point in that fight between the involvement of a state and the churches.
1 A) From a historical perspective, the United States was a Christian nation from 1600 to around 1940’s despite efforts to enforce the notion that the state is separate from the church. The main reason for this was due to the characteristics of the Puritans which included being strict and religious. The Puritans were persecuted from Britain for going against the church of England and declaring a divine intervention for their faith known as “Errand in the wilderness”. During the Great Awakening from 1730’s to the 1740’s there was a call for the state to get rid of religious hierarchy and place a more egalitarian system in its place. The great awakening, an Evangelical movement, was marked my emotionally driven sermons, and yet was also marked
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
10 and the Bill of Rights explain these issues and solutions. The Federalist Papers No. 51 and No. 10 explain the issues of the weak national government that was in the articles of confederation. “Liberty which is essential to its existence, the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests.” One of the many issues is the ability that religion
The First Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1791, states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” (US Const., amend I, sec 1.). The Establishment Clause prohibits the government from making laws recognizing an official religion, or unduly (dis)favouring a certain religion, while the Free Exercise Clause affirms the right of American citizens to freely exercise their religious beliefs and practices. Interpretations of this legislation have evolved dramatically throughout American history, as its initial effect was to protect the dominant Protestant groups (Barner-Barry, 9). Eventually, Catholicism gained popularity and America was recognized as a Christian nation,
The First amendment of the United States and the freedom of worship in the Texas bill of rights are similar to each other in terms of religious beliefs. They both have the idea that there is not one correct religion and people can worship any religion with the government protecting them. A few difference between them is that the US first amendment has more ideas that protect “the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government” (bill of rights). While the Texas freedom of worship goes into more detail about religious freedom and how they can implement laws that will protect religious groups to insure peaceful enjoyment. In article 6 of the United states constitution it states
Thomas Jefferson’s works and ideas laid the foundation for several key aspects on the limits of the United States government, the idea of separation of church and state, and the importance of personal rights. Jefferson wrote many influential pieces of literature which pushed the concept of having limited government power. Jefferson wanted America not to be like the European monarchies that fell due to religious strife, so he emphasized a secular government. Jefferson, following closely with the ideas of John Locke, stressed the importance of the protection of individual rights against the government. Thomas Jefferson believed that a government should have limitations.
What role did religion play in the early republic? What was the relationship between church and state? How generic, specific, orthodox, or minimalist was the early republic’s religion? Comment briefly on the extent to which America was founded as a home for religious liberty. Also comment briefly on the extent to which America can be said to have been founded as a Christian nation.
Jehovah’s Witness (JW) as a religion originated near Pittsburg, PA in the 1872 and was founded by Charles T. Russell and is based on a literal millennialist interpretation of the Bible. The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society also know as the Watch Tower Society (WTS) was set up by the elders to direct, oversee and develop religious dogma. It acts as the legal organization of the congregation today. It was not until 1945 that the WTS established the doctrine that blood transfusions were not in keeping with the scriptures. The WTS leaders based their decision on the literal interpretation of Bible verses, specifically: “Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.
In document E (John Cotton, “Limitation of Government”), the author says that the power of the government should be limited, and that God should have the ultimate power, not men. This reinforces the idea that puritans followed biblical law and based their society on religious ideas because the author of the document even states that religious figures should limit their authority and only do things that will benefit the people. Additionally, in document D (William Bradford), it’s shown that the puritans are not very tolerant of others. The document was written after the colonists attacked a Pequot river village during the Pequot war. The document’s intended audience is to the puritans of Connecticut, who were at war with the Pequot Indians.