The historical oppression of different groups of people, which was enforced through the ideology of white-supremacy and capitalism, is responsible for the unequal realities irrespective of race and ethnicity. White-supremacy is defined as an ideology created by individuals in power, which is utilized to oppress several populations of people by defining them as “inferior”. White-supremacy is enforced through an ontological discourse of categorization. The ontological discourse of categorization is discussing the significance behind the existence of others, and categorizing them based on conclusion drawn from those discussions. Categorizing human beings makes it easier for the oppressor to divide and conquer because their divisive tactics attempt to disempower the minority while empowering the majority.
“Chyna and Me” by Joyin C Shih, and “Causes of Prejudice” by Vincent N. Parrillo are two literal texts that support the argument of race being a socially constructed term to outcast those who “do not” reach the social standards. Shih offers us her personal perspective about race, and also goes a step further to portray race
So, what is racism? What is race? By definition racism is : "a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race." Webster also cites : "race is a category of mankind that shares certain distinctive physical traits." This commonly believed definition is not only inaccurate but it also denies the fact that race is socially constructed.
Introduction This case study of Vehar v. Cole National Group is a case where the plaintiff, Wendy Vehar, accused Cole National Group of sex discrimination claiming that as a female she was not being the same wage as a male for performing the same duties. Additionally this study will determine if the plaintiff established a valid prima facie as well as if there was a basis for equal work. Next, what factors did the appeals court base its decision and why is the other-than-sex factor that is presented by the employer insufficient to avoid a trial? Finally, what should the employer have done differently to ensure this type of situation did not occur in their business? Legal Issues Presented & Was a Valid Prima Facie Case Established In this case, Vehar v.
Reverse racism is a phenomenon in which discrimination occurs against a dominant or majority of the race, which some people think does not exist because in order to be racist, you have to have a privilege. Racism involves the idea that one’s race is superior and has the right to dominate others. Many people, the minority of the population, think that white people have white privilege, where they can get away with doing such things because of their white color while people of color would have a harder time if put in bad situation. For example, the media portraits white suspects as innocent but any people of color would be labeled as terrorists. The problem with reverse racism also brings up the topic of slavery.
Gender inequality is a social justice issue that is prominent in several societies as it is a direct reflection of the systematic power distribution amongst the two binary genders. This form of inequality is reflected through a set of adverse behaviours projected from one individual to another, known as domestic violence. Individuals perform the identities that is associated with their gender role because it is what is culturally acceptable within their given society. Judith Butler’s theory of ‘Gender as a Performance’ depicts that the practices that individuals repeat and perform assure the elements that an identity is composed of. This theory is an embodiment of domestic violence as it establishes the inequality amongst the different genders, by allowing the male to perform his dominance, causing the female to feel inferior to this.
First of all, racism is all about the peoples’ belief, in which one group of people think that their group is the most superior and powerful racial group, and then they dominate other people from different race. If truth be told, it’s a discrimination against someone else’s’ according to their cultures, skin color, and sex. In article "White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack," Associate Director of the Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Peggy McIntosh have affirm that white “racial group was being made confident, comfortable, and oblivious, and other groups were likely being made unconfident, uncomfortable, and alienated” (McIntosh 396). Through this sentences, McIntosh is claiming that a group of white peoples believe that they were very talented, self-assured, pleasant and unworried as compared to other non-white peoples’ group. Due to such beliefs, people are discriminating against each other.
Racism Racism is the conviction that qualities and capacities can be credited to individuals basically on the premise of their race and that some racial gatherings are better than others. Bigotry and separation have been utilized as capable weapons empowering apprehension or disdain of others in times of contention and war, and notwithstanding amid monetary downturns.Racism is also a very touchy subject for some people, as issues concerning free speech and Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights come into play. Some people argue that talking about supporting racial discrimination and prejudice is just words and that free speech should allow such views to be aired without restriction. Others point out that these words can lead to some very dire and serious consequences (the Nazi government policies being one example). Racism existed all around the world it existed in Europe, Australia, Africa , Middle East, Asia and North America.
Believing that one race is better than another results in conflict and harm to their own kind. This novel is considered an allegory of the Holocaust. There is a similar chain of events leading to disarray when one race thinks it is superior to another. It teaches the danger of discrimination and superiority which results in eradication
The media and advertising are at fault for how gender is portrayed on adverts they create gender roles which the public perceive as the correct way to behave. Lips (2001: p14) said that Gender role refers to the attitudes, behaviour, and activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex & are learned through the socialization process. This has all created a gender stereotype. The media are a forceful source of gender stereotyping. In adverts women are portrayed as the unintelligent consumer, socially conscious of her purchases, dependant on men and sex objects whereas men are perceived as a figure of authority, handy men and intelligent decision makers.
“America’s Unjust Sex Laws” is an editorial published in the Economist that argues that America’s laws for sex offenders is too stringent. The author makes tenacious arguments that gets the reader thinking, however most of the arguments that were made I contest with. “America’s Unjust Sex Laws” argues that the sex offender laws in America are too harsh. It begins by discussing “Megan’s Laws” and the Adam Walsh Act of 2006 to describe the current sex offender laws. The author then goes on to discuss how large the sex-offender registry is in order to support their first point that harsh penalties shouldn’t be imposed for minor crimes.
Unfair Representation from Racial Gerrymandering Racial gerrymandering is an issue that makes use of the tool of gerrymandering. The voting outcome depends on the process of gerrymandering, and the practice of racial gerrymandering has a negative impact on the views of the common people. Racial gerrymandering can favor a certainty party and cause an unfair direction for votes. The conflict of on party receiving more representation turnout for racial gerrymandering has introduce opposing views to this system. Due to a common focus on racial diversity and representation there has been an increase in programs to solve this issue.
Racial profiling is a repressive social practice that uses group characteristics to individualize stereotypic behavior for minorities in American society. The practice of racial profiling victimizes minority persons to support a White hegemonic structure that promotes White values and beliefs as superior. The harmful effects of racial profiling
The problem is that by having the monopoly on the control over public behaviour, it promotes the fundamentally unjust status quo. Through advertising commodity fetishism has developed, meaning that products, instead of being perceived in instrumental or utilitarian terms have been infused with social, cultural and even erotic value. Not only has this had an effect on objects but also individuals. Models or actors in adverts and by projection, consumers are creatively constructed as embodiments of specific configurations of capital. Their bodies as then seen a ideological codifications of success specifically defined according to ownership, rather than physical entities.