Tryston Strickland Dr. Norwood Honors English IV March 8, 2018 The Flaw: Human Nature In Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad shows human nature’s tendency toward callousness through the use of greed, imperialism, and darkness. Throughout the book the topics of greed, imperialism, and heartlessness give examples of the flaw that humans cannot fix. Humans tend to help others when there is a benefit for them to gain. This greed drives humans to overlook the unthinkable in order to satisfy their lust for power and money. The attempted help of the Englishmen becomes the disease that slowly starts to cripple the host to gain the power they desire.
“Capitalism is an economic system where private entities own the factors of production”, says Amadeo. The book explains how capitalism is awful and how it affects the characters life and setting. Upton Sinclair is constantly reminding the readers that the unfair working conditions are due to a corrupt government. The Jungle is mainly about how capitalism has failed and how businesses have corrupted. Based on the book and how capitalism is portrayed, there are many examples to support the reasons why capitalism is corrupt.
The main character in this book, Gogol, is constantly struggling to carve out his own life while juggling both his strict Bengali culture and independent American culture. In the Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri, Gogol’s quest for self was at first impacted by his desire to blend in with American culture, however, when his father dies he begins to grow closer with his family and his journey is turned on a path influenced by both his families (Bengali) culture and his own culture (American). From the moment Gogol is introduced to the reader, he rejects Bengali culture. In chapter two, Gogol is put through a Bengali ritual to see what his future will be. He is offered a dollar (businessman), a pen (scholar), and dirt (landowner).
The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair is renowned source of political fiction that pioneered the movement of food safety in the United States. The Jungle was first published in a socialist newspaper in 1905 and then later adapted into a novel in 1906 after popular demand. Sinclair initially wrote the exposé as a way to change the unfortunate circumstances of immigrant laborers, whose working conditions that were believed to be unacceptable for any laborer in the industry. Sinclair leaves short references of his political opinions in the novel in various locations throughout the text “As if political liberty made wage slavery any the more tolerable!” (Sinclair 31). Written as an indirect attack at the labor industry, the real driving force behind the popularity of the novel was that many readers could not fathom the truth behind the meat industry.
“The Grapes of Wrath” is still of the classics of American literature. This work remains banned in many school libraries across the nation because some critics said it contains full of lies of American life in that period and highly pro-communist. It is because Steinbeck created the work because of showing difficulties of many Americans who had The Great Depression and The Dust Owl. Steinbeck’s “The Grapes of Wrath” can be discussed by many critical theories but Marxist criticism which I will be discussing here is the one of the most common lenses through which to read the novel. This is because Steinbeck’s narrative shows the exact problems that a capitalist society describes working class people.
Each dictator in history is known for something different. Trujillo’s character in In the Time of the Butterflies is known as being the “devil” and making people miserable (Alvarez 24). Marxist Criticism is based on the economic and cultural theory of Karl Marx, who is considered the founder of communism (Davidson). Marxist Criticism can be applied to In the Time of the Butterflies through the way Trujillo’s character maintains his power. Trujillo maintains his power by degrading citizens and instilling fear inside the members underneath his dictatorship.
We live in a period of civil disunion. People divide and identify themselves and others by their race and with that identification, they begin drawing conclusions. Society uses stereotypes to fuel its assumptions and through these harmful conclusions, divisions begin appearing and cultures become heterogenous. Money and greed fuel these divisions by blinding people of the things they’re doing to divide society. Both Richard LaGravenese’s Freedom Writers and Eugene O’Neill’s The Emperor Jones use rhetorical devices to express to their audience that in order to make social progress, we must dissolve these racial and cultural walls we have built around us, instead construct a homogeneous society.
“The Weaver Bird” contains a speaker who also explains his attitude towards the European colonization with a few disparate views. As a matter of fact, his tone is bitter as he describes how the Europeans destroyed their way of life and diminished their culture: “We watched the building of the nest (4)” . His tone remains bitter throughout the poem, however, towards the end, the tone transitions to hope. The speaker explains how the Africans were determined not to lose their culture, but they were unable to prevent it: “We look for new homes every day / For new altars we strive to build (15-16)”. Adding more, the speaker implies that even though the Africans were foreigners in their own country, they are searching for new homes and seeking to rebuild their “Africa” and “The Weaver Bird” have numerous contrasting features that make the poem different to each other.
According to the Marxist theory, the war should have never happened because the conflict only exploited the class of the capitalist owners. In response to the failure of the Marxist theory to explain World War One, Lenin invented the imperialistic theory. German workers were able to fight French workers because they betrayed the ideal of the Communist revolution. They did it because they became corrupted by the capitalist owners. The rich people from the great European powers were able to pay their workers better, to offer them pensions, medical treatment or basic education because the major European states exploited the poor countries.
“If they would rather,... they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population.” From the words of Ebenezer Scrooge one can see that he does not he does not care for people. He is a very cruel man. Charles Dickens was a good writer that cared a lot about the poor. When he was a boy, his parents sent him to a union workhouse because his father got put in debtors prison. He worked in a blacking factory.