Deeply controversial, Lacan’s work has transformed psychoanalysis as a theory of the unconscious mind. Lacanian thought now pervades the disciplines of literary and film studies, women’s studies and social theory. From the perspective of literary studies, the discovery of Lacan in the mid-1970s, initially by feminist and Marxist literary critics, revitalized and reinstated psychoanalysis at the cutting edge of critical theory. This book provide a good deal of contrast between Lacan and Traditional Freudian; it locate how Lacan filled the gaps emerged due to traditional approach to Psychoanalysis. After much initial enthusiasm for Freudian and post-Freudian readings of literature for an account of classical Freudian readings, psychoanalytic criticism had degenerated into the reductive practice of identifying Oedipal scenarios within texts and spotting phallic symbolism.
Freud’s theory emphasizes dreams are associated with desires that are distasteful to the conscious mind; therefore, they can only exist in bewildering forms so that the content of the dream would not cause discomfort in people. The theory itself has a significant number of opponents. The opposition suggests dreams are produced by the brain in response to the sensory information the body receives during sleep, and they have no connection to the person’s thought and mind. Interestingly, the results of both Freud and Ferenczi’s dream analyses on their patients have helped substantiate dreams have more profound meaning. In fact, Freud discovered the significance of dreams by studying neurotic patients.
INTRODUCTION Freud said that we are only conscious of a small amount of our mind’s events and that most of it rests hidden from us in our unconscious. (boundless) Erik Erikson discussed psychosocial stages. His ideas were greatly influenced by Freud, going along with Freud’s theory regarding the structure and topography of personality. (McLeod, 2008) Freud’s psychosexual theory of development: According to Freud, life was built on both tension and pleasure. Tension was because of the accumulation of libido or sexual energy and pleasure is from its discharge.
When Freud focused attention on the fact that there are complicated stages of growth and development from birth to adulthood, a revolution occurred in the way human life was viewed. So powerful was his impact in this area that today it is impossible to imagine children in any other way than through a developmental schema. One of Freud's major contributions to mental health was the discovery that patient improve when they talk to a therapist. He developed a particular technique for talking that was part of psychoanalysis named free association. Today, many people misunderstand free association to be an opportunity for the patient to aimlessly during a psychoanalytic session while the therapist sits back and relax.
Lacanian theory of orders is a rather significant insight into the relationship between literature and psychology. The construction of the human life by the three orders will lead to a sense of admiration in literary readers’ minds. The psychological problems are the most challenging issues instigating a researcher to attempt his/her hand at this study. Lacan argues that the three interconnected orders make the life of the man, and any problem in their process can bring chaos to the individual. To investigate the diverse aspects of the orders, in this article David Mamet’s Edmond (1982) will be analyzed in the light of the Lacanian perspective.
The Crucible by Arthur Miller is an incredibly complex play depicting the fictional events of the Salem Witch Trials. If one is to begin to dissect the contents of said play, you must look at it from a psychological point of view. Particularly, a view of Freudian psychology might provide insight as to why some characters made certain decisions and carried out the actions they did. Using a Freudian psychological lens to examine The Crucible, readers can take a closer look at the actions of John Proctor and Abigail Williams and form hypotheses as to their deeper motives. Before diving into a psychological analysis, Freudian methods must be explained.
In this book Freud attempts to interpret the culture, ethics and religion in light of psychoanalysis. This particular work of Freud has been noticed by anthropologists, the vogue of the psychoanalytic movement founded by him is now so strong that the book is certain to make an impression in many intelligent circles. As a theory, psychoanalysis is strongly states that individuals are unaware of the many factors which lie in their unconscious mind that cause some behaviour and emotions. These
Structuralism Structuralism becomes visible in academic circles for the first time in the middle of the nineteenth century and came back again in the second half of the twentieth century, soon he becomes one of the most acknowledged approaches in academic fields concerned with the study of language, society, and culture. The phrase "structuralism" first appeared in the works of the famous anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, and gave rise, in France, to the "structuralist’s movement," which spurred the work of thinkers in diverse fields such as the political scientist Louis Althusser, historian Michel Foucault, the political scientist Louis Althusser, and the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.
Structuralist It is an extension of “Formalism” that started in France. They focused on the literary form rather than social or historical content. Their study of literature was objective and scientific. It is simply the study of sign-system of structuralism. The Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure’ ideas supported structuralism.
It is certainly true to say that a structuralist perspective reveals layers of meaning in the text and allows us as readers to interpret the poem in different ways. Although structuralism is only one school of literary criticism, it still means that there are still multiple ways the reader can approach this poem. The removal of Wordsworth (as the poet) from the poem is central to the idea of structuralism and gives the reader a first person perspective. Reading the poem in this way allows us to form personal thoughts on the language used in the poem and the way it affects us individually without being swayed by external influences. The comparison of the poem to another text allows for the identification of an individual poetic style, conveying the possibility that poem is written to appeal to a mass audience rather than, in this case, for a particularly personal reason.