By 1892, black populations experienced incredible lynch violence, which “offered a new tool for creating order and maintaining white supremacy.” Lynching was a ritual now—an outlet for whites who feared black political influence and black success. Over time, though, locals saw lynching as unsightly for their villages. To some, mob violence was even unlawful. This eventually led to a public condemnation of mob leaders.
In the south back in the 1930’s there were many Americans who did not know the meaning of equality for all. With this being the case, many black people faced discrimination daily and it followed through to the legal systems especially in the south where both being compared took place. The evidence provided in both trials proved to be weak. Despite this, both defendants had determined lawyers who believed in justice.
According to Alexander, “Today, most American know and don’t know the truth about mass incarceration” (p. 182). Before reading this book I did know of the inequality towards people of color in the criminal justice. book has made me realized how easily we as humans, jump into conclusion without thinking twice and judging a person by their look or race without trying to get who they are. Although most people know better and know how wrong it is to judge a book or person on their cover we often find ourselves doing just that when we first come into contact with a different culture. This book “The New Jim Crow” by Michelle Alexander has made me realized how the United State has one of the largest population in prison.
The book even mentions that Blacks were attacked in their housing without having provoked a White at all. In regards to education, the South limited Blacks through prohibitive and regulative actions. Many Whites directly impeded knowledge by making it illegal for Blacks to visit Black libraries (page 84). On another front, they prohibited learning by restricting funding for Black schools and materials. Books and materials were hand-me-downs from White
78). The justification given to White Southerner for these murders was that when a African-American raped white women, they need to be lynched. However, the inconsistencies that wells found out were that only a third of the African-American who were murdered were accused of rape and the other who were murdered were lynched for anything with crime or no crime at all. Most of the people who were lynched were innocent people, including women, children. It does not matter even if African-American who were lynched even if they were innocent.
Terror groups rose up to assure white supremacy in the South. African Americans could never win, especially when the Ku Klux Klan always forced them into debt. Although government awareness was brought up when they interviewed Henry Blake in Document 5, nothing could be done to stop the terrorizing feelings of individuals who fail to see that people of color are human as much as someone white is. African Americans worked to get the rights they deserved so of course they would be proud of what they accomplished. Document 4 is an account of Lucy McMillan, an African American, who had her house burned down by the Ku Klux Klan for “bragging” about her land owning rights.
Al Sharpton radio host, and minister once said, “We have defeated Jim Crow, but now we have to deal with his son, James Crow Jr., esquire.” (cite) He then goes on to say that his “son” is smarter, slicker, and more cunning than him. This metaphor describes that even though the Jim Crow Laws have been ratified, there is a new racial discrimination in America that is growing and is harder to defeat than the last. The Jim Crow Laws were the set of laws that set the whites and blacks separate from each other in the 1900s, although they have been defeated, America today may be equal lawfully but not on an individual level.
Was It Right? Within the 1920’s there were approximately around 3,496 and counting reported lynchings all over the south, In Alabama there were 361, Arkansas 492, Florida 313, Georgia 590, Kentucky 168, Louisiana 549, Mississippi 60,North Carolina 123, South Carolina 185, Tennessee 233, Texas 338, and Virginia 84 lynchings (Lynching in America). These are just some of the numbers introduced during the 1920’s for the reported lynchings. Lynching was used for public appeal for the people to show justice on the blacks and to punish them so the whites could return to “white supremacy”.
They had to follow rules and behave in a manner that wouldn’t get them in trouble, but more specifically lynching. Owing to Johnson for making such an impact during this time era. Johnson joined the “staff of the interracial National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He was a key figure, perhaps the key figure, in making the NAACP a truly national organization capable of mounting the attack that eventually led to the dismantling of the system of segregation by law” (James Weldon Johnson’s Life and Career). Its hard to imagine how African Americans felt living with this around them all the time, to know if a white person had something against you.
That was just one of the guides blacks had to follow. Another was “Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended whites”. Blacks were basically treated as lesser humans and sometime treated like dogs. If blacks did not follow these laws to the exact they were severely punished and usually always did not have a fair trial.
Prominent community members frequently encouraged and even participated in lynch mobs,” the resentment of African Americans were .The lynching mobs would cut off body parts of the victim’s body, the dismembered parts would either be kept or sold as souvenirs. During this time, many black men were accused of raping white females, so as punishment they would be lynched. The lynching of the black rapist would be considered a civil action. The lynching of black bodies has left many African Americans mental scarred since they have to fear for the lives of their families and themselves.
Despite some legal victories, African Americans were yet again met with unprovoked legal retribution. A new set of Black Codes in the 1880s and 1890s refreshed the idea of “Jim Crow”. This led to a nation drunk on the idea of
Jim Crow was not a person, it was a series of laws that imposed legal segregation between white Americans and African Americans in the American South. It promoting the status “Separate but Equal”, but for the African American community that was not the case. African Americans were continuously ridiculed, and were treated as inferiors. Although slavery was abolished in 1865, the legal segregation of white Americans and African Americans was still a continuing controversial subject and was extended for almost a hundred years (abolished in 1964). Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South is a series of primary accounts of real people who experienced this era first-hand and was edited by William H.Chafe, Raymond
In 1920, Lynching was very common. In order to understand why this was such a big problem, we need to look at the numbers of people who were lynched. From 1882 to 1962, almost 5,000 lynchings took place in the United States alone with about 70% of people who were lynched being black. Lynching started becoming a heavily used punishment among the African-American community in the 19th century. After the Civil War ended, there were financial issues in the country, all of which were blamed on the blacks that had recently been freed from slavery.