In 1964, he helped organize voter registration drives during the Mississippi Freedom Summer. From 1963 to 1966 he was named chairman of the SNCC. What later came known to be Bloody Sunday, on March 7, 1965 John Lewis and Hosea Williams led over 500 peaceful protesters over the Norman Pettus Bridge. The protesters intent was to walk from Selma to Montgomery for voting rights. While crossing the bridge the protesters were brutally beaten by the Alabama State Troopers.
The organization, therefore, played a significant role in the civil rights movements as indicated by the opposition to the introduction of racial segregation into the policies hiring and offices of the federal government.By the begging of 1960, the group has approximately 6000 members and over 50 branches across the nation(NAACP,2013). The high numbers enabled the organization to be influential in winning the rights of back people to serve as officers during the World Wars. In the subsequent years, the group played an increasingly important role in organizing nationwide protests that included marches in many cities against the silent movie by DW Griffin Birth of a
Montgomery Bus Boycott- In Montgomery, 1955, blacks were forced to sit in the back of the bus. One day Rosa Parks, a true hero, said no when asked to move to the back of the bus. She was arrested and that is when the boycott started. African American Men and Women didn’t ride the bus for more than a year. They started a boycott team which was led by Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr., and many other people joined.
The civil rights era had many important times. But one of the most important moments in the civil rights era was the Montgomery bus boycott. That was when African Americans were being mistreated on the busses so they did not ride them. It was sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks in December 1955. It was led by martin Luther King Jr.
The black community of Montgomery had a major impact on reforming segregated America by not riding the buses for 381 days and for organizing car pools, walking long distances, and for remaining nonviolent even when harassed and beaten by angry whites (Bullard 19). Jo Ann Robinson and the Women’s political Council who immediately began to organize a bus boycott (Bullard 18). NAACP leader E.D. Nixon, who formed the Montgomery Improvement Association and selected a newcomer in town, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, to be the spokesman (Bullard 18). Finally, Attorney Fred D. Gray, who sued the city in U.S, District Court, seeking to have the busing segregation laws invalidated (Montgomery Bus Boycott,
Riders on the second bus were beaten badly in Birmingham Alabama.. The first ride had ended due to all the violence. They still didn't give up they still had faith. The original riders were forced to go back to New Orleans successive protesters followed them to integrate Southern buses. The second ride had begun, there was thirteen volunteers seven black and six whites.
On 28 August 1963 Dr. Martin Luther King stood at the Lincoln Memorial with over 250,000 people gathered to hear him give his speech. His speech was “I Have a Dream.” He spoke about the problems with racism in the US. He wanted civil and economic rights restored. The first line of his speech was “I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation” (Martin). Dr. King was there to talk about freedom.
The original purpose of the black party was to patrol the community of African Americans from police brutality. - Greensboro Sit-Ins The sit-ins stared when four African American male students sat in a lunch counter in North Carolina. The sit-in protests were a huge success in lunch counters. Years after the protest, segregation in public places was illegal due to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that was passed by the congress. - SNCC- Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee The SNCC was founded in April 1960.
When Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. caught wind of this, he and a colleague organized the boycott of Montgomery 's bus system. The boycott began four days after Parks 's arrest, on December 5. Approximately 40,000 African Americans walked, drove, or carpooled to work instead of taking a bus. That same day, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was formed, with King being elected its president. They planned to keep the boycott
The March on Washington was an event that took place in 1963, where many people fought for jobs, freedom, and equality. This event was a major part of the Civil Rights Movement, which lasted from 1954 to 1968. Many speeches were given on this day, including Martin Luther King Jr’s famous speech, “I Have a Dream,” and John Lewis’ speech, “Patience is a Dirty and Nasty Word”. Both of these speeches were written having the same goal in mind, to bring justice to all African Americans. Another well-known speech was given prior to the March on Washington, by Malcolm X titled, “What Does Mississippi Have to Do with Harlem?” which also fought for justice.
When they were living in Montgomery, Alabama, African Americans struggled with having civil rights. After Rosa Parks’ arrest for not giving up her seat on a bus, activists boycotted the bus until they could have their rights. The activists made or chose Martin Luther King as their official spokesperson during this time. Once the Supreme Court put out a law that requires everyone to sit together on the bus, Martin had the national spotlight
One historic example of racial bias in the police force is Dr.King 's march from Selma. In Marion, Alabama on February 18, a group of peaceful demonstrators were attacked by white segregationists. During this attack one of the younger demonstrators, Jimmie Lee Jackson, was killed by a state trooper. In response, Dr Martin Luther King led a 54 mile march early in 1965 in Montgomery, Alabama from Selma that lasted five days to the capital where many oppressed black citizens had been campaigning for voting rights including, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). On Sunday, March 7, 1965 protesters got ready to go to Montgomery but Alabama state police officers with weapons
MLK Jr. ended segregation against african american, and gave his life for it. People looked at Rosa Parks and decided to start the bus boycott, because at the webpage here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_Bus_Boycott, it shows this: “The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955—when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person—to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.” Martin Luther King Jr. had changed segregation all over the United States by giving his whole life, right here:
Evers was buried with military in Arlington National Cemetery, and the NAACP awarded him their 1963 Spingarn Medal. The national outrage over Evers 's murder increased support for legislation that would become the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Immediately after Evers 's death, the NAACP appointed his brother, Charles, to his position. Charles Evers went on to become a major political figure in the state; in 1969, he was elected the mayor of Fayette, Mississippi, becoming the first African-American mayor of a racially mixed Southern town since the Reconstruction. A police and FBI quickly found a suspect, Byron De La Beckwith, a white segregationist and founding member of Mississippi 's White Citizens Council.
In 1956 they let blacks ride buses. 5C Desegregation of little rock central High School- Nine black students enrolled at all white central high school in 1957. Arkansas had the national guard to prevent blacks to coming to school. 5D Oklahoma Sit-Ins- Oklahoma City: Clara Luper was a local school teacher & director of NAACP Youth Council After visiting NYC to perform a play for the NAACP in 1958, Luper and students returned with civil disobedience tactics They began staging sit-ins and boycotts of Oklahoma City restaurants 5E The Freedom Rides- Groups of black and white activists rode busses into the deep South to test compliance with a Supreme Court ruling that outlawed segregation on interstate bus travel African-American Freedom Riders tried to use “whites-only” restrooms and lunch counters, and vice versa Encountered violence from white