The very first years of Anglo American settlers in the Americas were filled with conflict between the indigenous people and the settlers. This conflict was due to a difference in ideals, religion, and way of life. Another factor that contributed to the conflict between the Native Americans and the European settlers was the Natives inhabiting land that was wanted by the settlers. The European settlers understood that the Native Americans held the land they wanted and they were set on doing anything to acquire said land from the Native Americans. There were many ploys at play that lead to the eventual conquering of land.
The British never reached this point in their relationship with the Natives. After the French and Indian war the British did not approach the Indians correctly, they struggled with Indian relations. The Indians were treated as inferiors, this led to discontent as the Indians had adapted to the French policy, where they were treated as friends and equals. Historian Richard White termed this as a “middle ground” where the two sides had found means to not only coexist but also cooperate. French and Indian War The French and the British both competed with each other for control over land in North America.
The English colonists between the time period of 1744 and 1748 were involved in clashes with the French known as King George 's War. In the time following King George 's War the affiliation between the English, French, and Iroquois shattered. After King George 's War, the Iroquois handed out trading concessions in the interior to English merchants which caused the French to have some concern. The French had believed that the English were going to use the concessions as a part of their plan to expand into their territories. In response to this, the French began to build fortresses in the Ohio Valley in which the English thought was a hazard to them and planned for military action.
The wars that Europe was in during the 18th century had affected the colonies. The leaders in Britain had fought over land and all the riches of the world. There were several series of wars that involved England and the French. By the end of the 17th century, it had become obvious that the Spanish rule in North America had become lacking and would recede. This also applied to the Dutch, because they had lacked backbone in North America.
The War of 1812 was a significant conflict with broad consequences, particularly for the native inhabitants of North America. During the years before the war, the United States began their expansion, creating the destruction of many Native American villages and homes. Due to these actions, during the war, many but not all tribal nations sided with the British because they thought it would stop American expansion. In all, more than two dozen nations participated in the war. In addition to the Lower Great Lakes Indians, led by Tecumseh, and Southern Indians, the Mohawks fought under Chief John Norton to hold onto their lands in southern Quebec and eastern Ontario (Fixico).
The Spanish also participated in wars against the English and in Southern battles. The Iroquois and the French were also at war with each other over territory. The beaver, which was in high demand because of the fur trade, was rapidly disappearing from Iroquois land. They wanted to expand their territory which led to a bloody war between the Iroquois, the French, and other Native American tribes. This led many French people to fear Native Americans and flee to Canada “I would not trust them though, for they are barbarians and heathens” (Marie of the Incarnation, p. 2).
1622-1924 American Indian Wars The American Indian Wars or indian Wars were the multiple armed conflicts between Europe governments and colonist, and later American settlers or U.S. Government,and the Native peoples of North America. These conflict occurred across the North American continent from the time of earliest colonial settlements until 1924. In many cases wars resulted from competition for resources and land ownership as Europeans and later Americans for the previous centuries there was a population pressure as settlers expanded their territory.Generally pushing indigenous people northward and westward.warfare and raiding also took place as a result of wars between European powers in North America. These enlisted their Native
The French and the British both wanted to dominate the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. These rivers were used to provide trade routes for commerce.The French had constructed a number of forts in this region to strengthen their claim on their territories. In 1754 the fighting between the French and British began because the British wanted to settle colonies in the Ohio River Valley. The spark of the war was when General George Washington led an army against the French at Fort Necessity, but were defeated. Britain then declared war on the French.
What also triggered war was weakening relations with the Indians in the West. While the government tried to remove them from their lands to make room for settlers, they tried to civilize the Indians the best they could. The Indians that were acquired through the Louisiana Purchase were now significantly outnumbered by white settlers, and some tribes began to take on white ways of life, such as slavery and agriculture. Other Indians, called nativists, wanted to completely exterminate European influences and defy the settlement of their lands. The vote to declare war on Britain in 1812 reflected a divided nation between North and South.
In the book I Wish I’d Been There, there are two chapters that can easily be compared, the McGillivray Moment and Chief Joseph Surrenders, for they both had to do with Native Americans, and how they were kicked off their land. Both were made promises that weren’t kept,by American Generals. even if meant twisting the rules of war and going against the law. In The McGillivray Moment, President George Washington was worried that the Creek Nation was going to over inhabit the land to the west of the Mississippi river, also known as the land of America’s future. Washington was now faced with a problem, “The land west of the Mississippi must be inhabited by whites…, and the rights of the Native Americans to their tribal land must be protected.” That’s when Washington met Chief McGillivray, McGillivray was one of the,” twenty-seven Indian Chiefs representing all the major tribes of the Creek Nation” that paraded into the capital of the newly created
He first explains how the differences between the Republicans, the North, and the Democrats, the South, caused escalating sectional conflict between the two (Holt). These straining differences come from the fact that one group is pro-slavery and the other group is anti-slavery (LEP). This fundamental difference in interest causes a more tense situation and relations between the two sides. Then after setting the scene, he explains that on top of all that tension, the reorganization of the government in the 1850s led to the Civil War and produce strained relations. This reorganization of the government also includes the rise of new political parties (LEP).
The primary question presented by the Trail of Tears, is whether or not the forced removal qualifies as genocide. To answer that question, the history of events before, during, and after the removal must be analyzed to fully understand the situation. Since European settlers continuously settled in Native American owned land, growing tensions escalated to the point that the US government sought action. The Cherokee sought to find peaceful resolutions in order to maintain rights to their land and to prevent further conflicts. However, as more European settlers arrived the Cherokee traded, intermarried, and adopted European customs all while being “…pressured to give up traditional home-lands,” (Johnston, 2003).
The Seven Years’ War signified the greatest reflection of European to American hostilities. While Spain and France fought fiercely against the British on the continent and in the seas, in British North America the war clashed as France and its indigenous allies laid claim to the Ohio Territory . This would lead the colonists to refer to the conflict as the French and Indian War, named after the combatants the Colonial British faced . This conflict would resolve in favor of the British, and simultaneously would set the scene for French involvement in the American race for independence in 1776. While war shaped the foundations of colonial development it also proved to be a key in colonial
The French and Indian War, or the Seven Years War, began in 1754, as a result of conflict over territory and trade in North America. As both countries conquered the new land, letting their civilians settle there as colonists with the sole purpose of providing money for their homeland, they encountered the Ohio Valley; land that was assured to contribute to each of their imperialist motives. During the war where French troops allied with the native Americans against Britain, the laws given to the British colonies were left unmonitored, and the colonists evaded the strict taxation and rules against trading with other countries. However, when the war ended in 1763, resulting in a British victory, Britain was left a multitude of problems. This included the great national debt of approximately 122 million British pounds.
As a result, trading became problematic in America, since the Mississippi River was a major trade route. Since Jay didn’t have an army to force the British out of America, he used his words to persuade them. Document E: After America defeated the British, land claim conflicts arose among the states. America eventually came up with a solution. The solution was that the government will sell the land west of Pennsylvania and north of the Ohio River, and the money collected will go to the treasury.