Vicki Hearne published Animal Happiness in 1994. The excerpt provided focuses specifically on her perspective with regards to Ludwig Wittgenstein’s argument on lions and language and a troupe of performing orangutans. Hearne’s main point in the first section titled “Wittgenstein’s Lion” is that Wittgenstein’s belief that lions do not have language is false. Instead, the author argues that a type of language does exist for lions. Her argument is supported by describing the relationship between a lion and its trainer. In the next section, “The Case of the Disobedient Orangutans”, the author further delves into the concept of language and animal behavior by arguing that orangutans develop a “vocabulary”, a type of language when interacting with their trainers. The author uses situations found in literature, research, and real life examples to illustrate that animals are more sophisticated than initially considered and have an ability to work with a language. “Wittgenstein’s Lion” begins with a reference to Immanuel Kant and his role in separating human beings from animals by saying that animals apparently do not cry. This beginning is …show more content…
When explaining her argument, the author speaks of the phenomena of how simple commands can have the same reference for both the trainer and the lion proving a framework for a language. To further elaborate on this argument, Hearne uses the term posture to refer to an object/ command like “stay” that is theoretically understood by both parties (lion and the trainer). Hearne develops her methodology by using dogs’ ability to recognize many human social forms. Similarly, lions are thought to have mediated knowledge and are important modes of knowledge. At the end of the section, Hearne educates the readers about other people’s opinion of Wittgenstein including Daniel C. Dennet, who denies animals of
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Gage Amid the midst of the Holocaust, millions of Jews, Gypsies, Handicapped, and Homosexuals went through extermination and among all the victims Elie Wiesel lived to tell his story. Elie Wiesel wrote this story so something like this would never occurred again. In “Night” Elie Wiesel and his family witnessed and experienced the horrific treatment and genocide of Jews which led to them becoming practically emotionless and abnormal.
At the beginning of Night, Eliezer describes himself as someone who believes profoundly. The essay that I am typing will have 3 body paragraphs for, and in every paragraph there is a quote for it. Now onto the first quote in the essay. First, quote is in chapter 1, page 1, and quote number 4.
Night Prompt #2 Many know of the victims of the Holocaust and how fragile they were, but not many know how the few that survived did so. In the book Night by Elie Wiesel, a Holocaust survivor who was only fourteen when he arrived at Auschwitz, he talks about his life alongside his father who was the only family member he did not get separated from in the concentration camp. Eliezer explains how he overcomes the horrors he witnessed in order to survive and be freed.
In his book Ishmael, Daniel Quinn explores the theme of captivity through the character of Ishmael, a telepathic gorilla who acts as a teacher to the narrator. The concept of captivity is a central theme in the novel, and Ishmael's teachings challenge the reader to reconsider their relationship with the world around them and to recognize the destructive consequences of their actions. Through the concept of cultural captivity, Quinn challenges the reader to reconsider their relationship with the world around them. The purpose of this essay is to explore the theme of captivity in Ishmael through a thematic approach, analyze the concepts of cultural captivity, captivity of the mind, and breaking free from captivity. One example of how Quinn explores captivity in Ishmael is through the character of Ishmael, a telepathic gorilla who has been held captive for most of his life.
One such appeal is an appeal in which Foer urges readers, either directly or indirectly, to imagine what it would be like to be an animal. Foer defines this concept as “anthropomorphism” (the urge to project human experience onto the other animals) (46). Foer either directly asks readers to picture themselves in the place of an animal, or he relies on anthropomorphism in a more subtle way. For instance, Foer states that, “Fish build complex nests, form monogamous relationships, hunt cooperatively with other species, and use tools” (65). Foer attempts to show that animals and humans are more alike than conventional wisdom suggests.
In Tobias Wolff’s short story “The Liar,” the protagonist, James, lies to help him construct a new identity outside of his family. James tells morbid lies about his mother in order to distance himself from her. Since, the loss of his father, James no longer associates with people who are like him. The lies started after his father’s death and his mother starts noticing how much differently he was acting. Since his mother is treating him like she is disappointed in him, James begins to devolve into a state of repressed bitterness.
In her work “What’s Wrong with Animal Rights,” Vicki Hearne challenges common beliefs of animal rights, arguing that animal rights groups do very little to actually benefit animals. She argues that natural selection should be allowed to take place for wild animals, and animals such as cats and dogs should not be seen as property. To persuade the audience to support her position, she uses ethos, pathos, and logos. Her credibility as a trainer makes the logic behind her views reliable, her logic reinforces the examples she uses, and she appeals to emotion using her relationship with her Airedale, Drummer, to support everything her argument is saying. Through these strategies, Vicki Hearne effectively counters the current, popular views of the
Connell’s central idea develops through the dynamic characterization of Rainsford, “Rainsford did not smile. ‘I am still a beast at bay,’ he said, in a low, hoarse voice” (Connell 314). At the beginning of the story, Rainsford reasons with his hunting partner that animals are
It is estimated that 6 million Jews died during the Holocaust. Elie Wiesel somehow managed to beat those odds. Sadly there was no one there to save Elie, the protagonist of Night, from the misery and distress that he would experience as he went through the Holocaust. He survived harsh beatings, sickness, hunger, thirst, dysentery, and all the other forms of death that plagued his environment. All this would not come without a toll on who Elie was as a character, causing him to undergo a dynamic change.
“Night” is a memoir from Eli Wiesel. Elie writes about how the holocaust was a horrible period of punishment and torture for many who were disfavored, especially the Jews, and that one of these Jews was himself. He wrote “Night”, based on his life in the ghettos and extermination camps during the holocaust. All throughout the story he displayed many traits. Eli is very significant because he was able to live and tell about the holocaust.
Animals help people in many ways. In the novel Hoot by Carl Hiaasen, the character Roy’s life has changed because of the owls. One way Roy’s life has changed is because he is more outgoing. In chapter 18 on page 245 shows one way that Roy is more outgoing, “ Now the other students stopped talking among themselves and paid attention.
Also, with the help of Ootek, a local Eskimo he was able to understand how wolves communicate and hunt, and he saw that these wolves were not a tremendous threat to the caribou. This book gives the reader a view into the life of these wild animals and how they all work together in their unique environment. Mowat had many doubts, but he slowly understood the truth about wolves. He also spent time following the wolves as they hunted and he examined their techniques. Mowat even experienced close up encounters and the wolves did not treat him like a foreigner.
At first glance, there is nothing precisely political in the late Wittgenstein's works like Philosophical Investigations and On Certainty. However, the famous 'linguistic turn' in philosophy which he initiated both by the ideas expressed in Tractatus and by abandoning them later on did not impact only a realm of linguistics itself (with such notable followers like John Austin and John Searle, to name a few), but also the broad range of the philosophical divisions, political philosophy included. Late Wittegenstein's texts are written in the very specific (one might even say poetic) language which affects further interpretations and provokes possible misunderstandings. He uses a variety of metaphors and remarkable examples to explain his position concerning a nature of language and human communication. Because of this peculiarity of style such concepts as the language-games and the forms of life that were introduced in Philosophical Investigations do not seem crystal
The Animal That Therefore I Am was first delivered in speech to the 1997 Cerisy conference. The Animal That Therefore I Am is a part of a ten hour lecture and his lecture at the Cerisy has been collected and Jacques Derrida mainly focused on the philosophical and the logic aspects of a boundary between a human and “animal”. He mainly explored the areas of
Ludwig Wittgenstein appears to agree with Saussure’s view that there are no intrinsic properties of language. However, unlike Saussure’s structure orientated language system, Wittgenstein argues that language we cannot define language at all. According to the Philosophical Investigations(1953) where Wittgenstein carried out reflections on the study of language and critique of language, he emphasizes that language is a purpose-oriented and complex social activity. He then uses games as a metaphor to explain the role of our language in our everyday life. He claims language is like a tool that we use to play different games, and the meaning of words lies in the way it’s used in a particular language