In this light, Dr. Chao Siew Shuen, Consultant Ear Nose & Throat at Gleneagles Medical Centre, shares information on how to management allergic rhinitis and recommends the treatment of this widespread medical condition. Allergic rhinitis is clinically defined in accordance with the symptoms triggered by immunologically mediated inflammation, post the exposure of nasal mucous membranes to allergens. As per the latest ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma)
PI value has been considered a useful tool for accurately monitoring changes in peripheral perfusion in real time caused by certain anesthetics. An increased PI is an early indicator of the pharmacologic effect of the anesthesia, often occurring before the onset of the anesthetic effect providing the physician an early indicator of successful anesthetic administration. In the neonatal acute care setting, a low PI has been shown to be an objective indicator of severe illness. In conjunction with oxygen saturation and pulse rate, a diminished PI becomes an important indicator of a critical state of neonatal health. As such, the PI may be important to consider as a standardized, objective measure in addition to conventional subjective means of assessing the state of the neonate.
Of course there are complications if it is not treated quickly, because we all know that we can avoid financial problems in this life. COMPLICATIONS : • Tears in the wall and rupture of the aorta are the main complication of thoracic aortic aneurysm. A ruptured aneurysm is so dangerous that some people can die because of the internal bleeding. • Trouble swallowing, Loss of consciousness, low blood pressure, trouble breathing, pain at the back, intense chest pain, shortness of breath, low blood pressure and weakness or paralysis of one side of the body sometimes the other sign for Stroke, are the symptoms that your thoracic aortic aneurysm has
Conjunctivitis medicamentosa: Also known as toxicogenic conjunctivitis is caused by medicine or toxin instilled into the conjunctival sac. Causes and transmission The cause of allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction of the body's immune system to an allergen. Allergic conjunctivitis is common in people who have other signs of allergic disease such as hay fever, asthma and eczema. Organisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Chlamydia sp. Candida albicans and parasites (Ascaris lumbricoides, Ancylostoma duodenale) are the main causative agent of Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
Usually when somebody has a heart attack, people sometimes wait a while before seeking the much needed medical attention. It is extremely important that the patients gets medical treatment as soon as possible after the occurrence of the myocardial infarction as this increases the chances of their survival. CAUSES Myocardial infarction is usually caused by a blockade in the blood supply of the heart muscles. This can occur when there is the hardening of the arterial walls, or if there is an thrombus or embolism in the blood vessels and this reduces the amount of blood that can go through. If there is a complete block, then this can cause the area where the blood vessel supplies the blood to undergo necrosis which is also known as heart attack.
Controlling Bleeding If someone is bleeding; apply pressure to the wound, ideally with sterile cloth, but a towel or T-shirt will work just fine if you can’t find anything else. Make sure that you elevate the wound above the heart. Mild bleeding usually stops on its own, but If the bleeding has not slowed down or stopped, continue pressuring the wound while getting help.. 6. Heart Attacks and Strokes To relief a regular pain, Aspirin is prescribed by the doctors to help treat mini heart attacks and strokes. Aspirin properties includes anti inflammatory and a blood thinner that helps blood get through large clots that leads to stroke and heart attacks.
Intestinal ischemia Overview: Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel. The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition. Causes: The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely.
This blocking is a result from spasm (contraction) of the bronchial muscles, swelling of the mucous membranes that line these muscles, and production of phlegm. This causes the narrowing of the lung airways results. Allergic bronchial asthma is the most common kind of Asthma that is caused by a specific allergic reaction. In most cases, the allergy is caused by ordinary substances, such as house dust, airborne pollens, or certain foods. Many people who suffer from asthma are allergic to aspirin.
When you have this reaction, your face and throat swell up. If you don't get help fast, you could die. Traditionally ‘anaphylaxis’ is a term used to describe immunoglobulin E (IgE)--dependent events and ‘anaphylactoid reaction’ is used to describe IgE-independent reactions – although both these reactions are clinically indistinguishable. Symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis Swelling and irritation of the tongue or mouth Swelling of the sinuses Difficulty breathing Discharge Wheezing Cough Cramping, vomiting, or diarrhea Dizziness Hypotension Anxiety or confusion Strong, very rapid heartbeat ( palpitations ) Loss of consciousness Causes of anaphylaxis IgE-mediated Antibiotics o(eg, penicillins, cephalosporins, vancomycin, neomycin, amphotericin B) Foreign proteins o(eg, serum, insulins, asparaginase, chymopapain, venoms, penicillinase, blood, blood products, protamine, antithymocyte globulins, latex) Other medications o(eg, allergen extracts, methylprednisolone, local anesthetics, vaccines, thiopental) Foods o(eg, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, corn, seeds, bananas) Immune complex–mediated Biologics o(eg, blood, blood products,
A pneumothorax can be caused by physical trauma to the chest wall or as a complication of a healthcare intervention which is referred to as traumatic pneumothorax. In a minority of cases the amount of air in the chest increases markedly when a one-way valve is formed by an area of damaged tissue, leading to a tension pneumothorax which leads to steadily worsening oxygen shortage and low blood pressure. Unless reversed by effective treatment, it can result in death. Diagnosis of a pneumothorax by physical examination alone can be difficult. Integrated diagnostic modalities can be used for the better detection such as chest X-ray,
Once the pain gets worse, other medication will be prescribed. Also, acetaminophen is used to treat inflammation, which isn’t what arthritis is. Case 5 1. Mrs. Carleton should take two tablets of digoxin right away so her body can get used to it and start reacting to the
There are important criteria to be fulfilled before extubation. First of all, we have to be confident the reason for initial intubation needs to be resolved. For example if a patient was intubated for pneumonia or severe asthma, that pathology is reversed first and lungs appears clear. If the patient was intubated for shock the patient should be free of mental status changes and be from vasopressors to support boood pressure. Secondly, Patient should be able to maintain normocapnia or adequate ventilation without positive pressure ventilation.
7. Which of the findings from the nursing assessment demonstrate possible adverse effects from amphotericin B? If respiratory distress occurs, discontinue infusion immediately; anaphylaxis may occur. Monitor patient closely during test dose and the first 1–2 hr of each dose for fever, chills, headache, anorexia, nausea, or vomiting. Renal function should be monitored frequently during Amphotericin B therapy.
Patients with SJS initially experience flulike symptoms, itching, coughing, headache, myalgia, burning of the eyes, and fever lasting 1 to 14 days. The characteristic rash usually appears 1 to 3 weeks after exposure to the offending trigger. At first, the rash appears red and purple Next, target lesions develop: small vesicles (blisters) on an erythematous or dusky purple base. Often, SJS involves bullae (fluid-filled lesions more than 5 mm in diameter) and more atypical target lesions: erythematous or dusky purple but variable in size, confluent (tending to move together), and including vesicles (raised lesions filled with clear fluid and less than 5 mm in diameter),-" ' The lesions tend to be painful and itchy. They can occur anywhere but arc most commonly found on the face, trunk, hands, soles, and fronts of the arms and legs.