Essentially, innocent lives must be in danger in order for war to be the just cause of action. With this in mind, comparative justice takes into account the idea that there may be rights and wrongs on all sides of the conflict, but in order to go to war, the suffering of one side must significantly outweigh the suffering of another (Just War Theory). This principle in particular is problematic in that it allows for gross exploitation in the political system, but more on that later. Politics, however, does play a role in these principles. The idea of competent authority dictates that only those authorities give power by the public may wage war (Just War Theory).
We must deal with the world and the world must deal with us. Let there be an international conference, imponderable influences bring the United States there” (Doc. 3). In this, James is discussing how the United States talks as if they are supporting isolationism, but is actually playing a very active role in politic and the economics of the world. James is noticing how there are economic rivals and political tensions arising with the United States and they cannot avoid it for much longer.
This was a result of the clash between the ideals of the two nations – communism against capitalism. Both nations were thirsty for power, domination and sought out any sort of expansion in any part of the world. The natural competitive nature that stirred up the Space Race was already fostered over time due to the Cold War. Thus, the Cold War was one of the main reasons why the two nations decided to
In conclusion, the Cold War created a great tension between the US and Soviet Union in forming competing ideologies of capitalism and communism. These opposite ideals were the driving force behind many major decisions by the US in its foreign policy in terms of containing the spread of communism. The US engaged in proxy wars where it supported allies which held similar beliefs. In the Vietnam conflict, the US not only supported an ally but even fought side by side to stop the adoption of communism in that country. Although looking back, the US may question its involvement in the Vietnam war, at that time, based on its position taken in the Cold War conflict this high cost seemed well worth it.
As controversial as Machiavelli’s rhetoric may be, this is undoubtedly the more practical method, and it is clear that it is one that is still applied today. As evidence, even at a time where warfare is not as prevalent as it was before, almost every country in the world, even those at peace have their own military forces. Suppose a country does not, and relies purely on the trust that all humans from all corners of the world must be good, the lack of anticipation for foreign attack will render said country vulnerable and therefore unstable. Any simple form of oncoming attack on a completely unarmed state would prove devastating. Lao Tzu’s version of a behind-the-scenes leader who does not establish laws and governs with the trust that all people will be good will surely fail.
The Cold War pitted the communist Soviet Union and its satellites versus the capitalist western world lead by the United States . The Cold War began after World War Two and lasted until the middle of the Nineteen Nineties. Although the two superpowers never fought against each other directly, the conflict was expressed through military coalitions, espionage, weapons development, including a nuclear arms race, proxy wars, propaganda, and a competition to launch a man to the moon. Although the Soviet Union, allied themselves with the against the Axis powers during the last four years of World War II, disagreements existed mainly about the status of post-war Europe. At the war's conclusion, most of Europe was occupied by the allied powers, while the United States and the Soviet Union possessed the two most powerful military forces.
The ARIS Primer on the Science of Resistance (CH 1) identifies the importance of redefining “resistance” due to the evolving nature of war’s evolution, tactics and outcomes. War • Civil wars have replaced interstate wars • Irregular warfare has overcome traditional warfare methods o Irregular warfare: “violent struggle among non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant population” (ARIS, Pg. 14, Para. 3, Lines 3-5) • Irregular warfare was a secondary concern for the military industrial complex Resistance • Resistance is when people oppose government or authoritative control • Begins in the human heart and manifests through protests, demonstrations, strikes clandestine organizations, underground newspapers, sabotage, subversion, guerrilla warfare and eventually civil war • Several definitions of resistance have existed to include non-violent and violent forms of resistance • Modern revolutionary warfare definition of resistance includes “velvet” revolutions • Velvet revolutions are begotten by entirely or predominately nonviolent means • ARIS definition of resistance: “a form of contention or asymmetric conflict involving participants’ limited or collective
Despite their different opinions on the role fear should play in preserving a political order Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes both assert that fear is an important element of functional societies. Machiavelli’s The Prince primarily focuses on preserving and expanding a ruler’s position, while Hobbes’s Leviathan primary focus is on constructing an ideal commonwealth to escape the “state of nature”. Machiavelli believes that a ruler should use fear as a tool to maintain his position of power, while Hobbes believes that the use of fear should be to ensure the sanctity of contracts in a Commonwealth, the most important contractual obligations being the obligation between sovereigns and their subjects. Hobbes’s belief that fear should be used
Eisenhower’s most prominent foreign achievement was how he handled the Cold War, because the Soviet Union, also known as the USSR, tested the limits of the United States by threatening nuclear war and the imminent spread of communism. Eisenhower’s foreign policy was effective during the Cold War, working to slow the spread
Argumentatively, there is no right or wrong in war, only perspective and opinion. When reading Langston Hughes “War,” Hughes portrays the nature of conflict as one of two sides. Where outcomes can vary depending on which side you’re on. Where one nation gains something and another nation loses another. Be aware that the cause of war is not just one person, it is a magnitude of people; “The face of war is my face.