The knee joint is one of the strongest and most important joints in the human body. It allows the lower leg to move relative to the thigh while supporting the body’s weight (Taylor, n.d.) as knee joint is one of the major weights bearing joint in the body. Knee joint plays an important role in our daily lives such as walking, running, sitting and standing. It allows physiological movement such as flexion and extension. The knee joint is also known as tibiofemoral joint. It is a synovial hinge joint formed between three bones which are the femur, tibia and patella (Taylor, n.d.). There are two rounded, convex processes which are known as condyles on the distal end of the femur. The distal end of the femur meets two rounded, concave condyles at the proximal end of the tibia (Tyalor, n.d.). A thick, triangular bone which is known as patella lies anterior surface between the femur and tibia.
Temporomandibular Joint is a hinge that connects the upper jaw (bone of the skull) and lower jaw (mandible of the jaw) to one another, it is also responsible for the movement of the jaw side to side, forward, and backwards. The temporomandibular joint is comprised of the outside parts of the mandibular fossae of the temporal bone, other ligaments, and parts of the eminences and mandible. This joint is one of the most complex joints in the human body. You can see a lot of the movement of the joint if you open your mouth wide enough. Temporomandibular Joint is usually a result of issues that occur within the jaw, or surrounding muscles in the jaw. No one knows the exact cause of TMJ/TMD it is usually impossible to determine.
Basset hounds are extremely friendly and loving family pets who live for between 8 to 12 years. They have a short and hard textured coat which is usually tri-colours (black, brown, white). They are a pack animal who love attention from both human and other dogs and will become lonely and destructive when left on their own. They have a rounded skull with a deep muzzle and lots of loose skin which gives them a droopy look on their face. Their short legged appearance results as a form of dwarfism called achondroplasia. They generally weigh between 60-65 pounds and are no more than 14 inches at their shoulder. Despite there appearance they are scent hounds who were originally breed for hunting small game such as rabbits and hare. Because of their
Chapter six welcomes us into the skeletal system by presenting functions,types,structure, and development of bones. We are also presented the ideas of fractures and even the spine- curling snap of a broken bone which means a band aid simply won 't do! For example, Hematoma formation , Fibrocartilaginous callus, Bony callus ,and Remolding must occur to heal ,aka 3-10 weeks in a signature infested cast ,and if the break eventuated* on your arm, a complementary farmer 's tan. The Axial Skeleton makes an appearance by explaining itself as lying in the middle of the body and consisting of the skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, thoracic cage, and middle ear bones. The complexity, physiology and delicate fashions of each member of this group is expressed. The Appendicular Skeleton compliments the axial for without the appendicular you would be unable to walk or wave "Hi" because you guessed it , it is composed of your appendages or if you will arms and legs. Until this point in
- Maintain boundaries, move, respond to environmental changes, take in and digest nutrients, carry out metabolism, dispose of wastes, reproduce themselves, and grow.
The deformation known as clubfoot is a standout amongst the most widely recognized birth imperfections including the musculoskeletal framework. It presents intrinsic dysplasia of every single musculoskeletal tissue distal to the knee. It is a deformity in which the foot is twisted so that the sole cannot be placed flat on the ground.
The hamstrings action is knee flexion and hip extension, its origin is at the ischial tuberosity, its insertion is at the posterior aspect of the medial condyle of the tibia, and it is innervated by the sciatic nerve. To strengthen and stretch these two muscles, I would recommend that he lie flat on his back and put a resistance band at the arch of his foot. He should bring his knee to his chest, and then try to extend the leg against resistance. This will strengthen his quadriceps and hamstrings but the resistance band will also keep his knee from hyperextending from side to side. The gracilis’ action is adduction and internal knee rotation, its origin is at the pubic ramus, its insertion is at the medial surface of the tibia below the condyle, and its innervated by the femoral nerve and the obturator nerve. Lying sideways with the injured leg straightened on the floor, he should cross the uninjured leg in front of the injured one. This will force the injured leg to extend and bear weight. The gluteus maximus’ action is extension, external rotation, and hip abduction. The origin is at the ilium, sacrum, and coccyx, the insertion is at the lateral surface of the greater trochanter, and it is innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve. Lying on the side of the uninjured leg
The objective of the virtual lab on bones consisted of identifying the major bones of the human body. We had to place the major bones of the body in the correct anatomical position.
Firmly pointing the foot outward and bending the knee with the thigh turned inward. This can happen when twisting or pivoting.
A malleolus fracture is a break (fracture) of the tibia, the large bone in your lower leg. The medial malleolus is the lower part of the tibia that you feel as the bump on the inside of your ankle. The posterior malleolus is the lower-rear part of the tibia that is closest to your heel.
The four components of the axial skeleton are: SKULL (consists of 28 bones that include the cranium, which encloses and protects the brain and facial bones). VERTEBRAL COLUMN (supports the skull and protect the spinal cord). RIBS ( 12 pairs of bow shaped bones that protect the organs in the body cavities of the trunk). STERNUM ( aka breastbone and supports the collar bones).
Metatarsal bones are long bones found in the foot between the tarsal and the phalanges of the toes. A metatarsal fracture happens when one of these long bones is broken or is weakened due to thinning of the bones.
A joint can become damaged and need replacement when it suffers an injury, fracture, or a condition such as osteoarthritis develops, causing the joint to degenerate. Hip joint replacements may also be needed in cases of rheumatoid arthritis, or joint pain caused by swelling, and bone tumors. In the past, hip joint replacements have used metals to compensate for the bone due to it’s durability. My design, is mostly made out of titanium, but the liner is what really makes it unique. Using synthetic cartilage grown from the stem cells found in bone marrow, the joint replacement will have a more natural lubrication. Because of this, the bone itself is protected from direct contact with the harsh metal. All in all, the part would only cost $15.50 to make, and $2,500 for the artificial cartilage, costing $2,515.50 in all. Application is also rather easy.
During lunch one day in second grade, I was having a wonderful time playing soccer with my friends. When I was running after the ball with my friend, he pushed me over and when I fell, I broke my collarbone. When it broke, it hurt very badly, I would say it felt like I got punched 100 times, and then the person that punched put ants in my arm. When I was walking to the office, I could not move my arm, but I did not know that it was broken because I was only in second grade. When my mom came, I was crying a lot. I went to the doctors, and the doctor was one of the stupidest doctors I have ever met in my life. He forced me to raise my arm to take an x-ray even though I couldn’t raise it. When I found out I broke it, my mom
Do you know your foot arch type? Or do you even know what a foot arch is? Perhaps you haven’t paid much attention to your feet but your feet have a structure called foot arch. If you would look at the bottom of your foot, you’ll notice that your feet are not entirely flat. The bottom of your feet has a curve and is shaped like an arch. That’s your foot arch.