But Sparta had a different plan in mind. The Spartans were the lifesavers to an extent. They unbound city-states in Greece. Although Athens seemed to be on top, by having all they needed power, money, etc. However, Sparta rose and conquered the enemy and was honored for doing
Plutarch refers to this system as one of “Lycurgus’ numerous innovations” in The Spartan Constitution. Each king ensuring the other would not become too powerful and each would oversee separate campaigns during battle. The Gerousia was the next level of government comprised of the two kings and an elected group of twenty-eight citizens of noble descent above the age of sixty serving for life. The next level of government was the ekklesia, an early from of democracy afforded to the adult males of Sparta, was the assembly of male citizens of at least thirty years of age. While the assembly was responsible for policy decisions only the Gerousia had the authority to set the agenda for the assembly.
However, the Spartans’ only included a select few because they were way outnumbered by the helots, while Athens’ consisted of the majority since the demos had voting rights as well. These two completely different, yet similar, political systems were highly influential players to some of the most successful political systems that have evolved around the world
Well, first of all the Spartans made decisions by their power. The Spartans were constantly in battle. They obviously took advantage of the Helots and made them their slaves. They were in control and had a higher power in Sparta. The Athenians were democratic.
In Ancient Greece, men and women were expected to have separate roles for a common good. However, due to the fact that Ancient Greece really was many separate city-states, each city-state had their own, separate roles. Despite this potential disconnect between the roles, both genders relied on the other to succeed, and the city-states could not have done as well as they did without the roles. Two of the most powerful city-states were Athens and Sparta. They had lots of power, both physical power, as well as the fact that they were very influential in the Mediterranean region.
In the Age of Pericles, from 491 BCE to his death in 429 BCE, Athens thrived. During this period of time, Athens was the center of reform and advancement. Pericles became a skillful politician, respected military leader, acknowledged patriot, and almost incorruptible. His leadership, government
This is shown by the quote from Ronald T. Ridley’s book, ‘The Hoplite as citizen: Athenian military institutions in their social context’, which says “We have forgotten to ask what it was like to be an ordinary – or wealthy and important – citizen called upon to serve the phalanx.” The hoplite was formed due to the alliances that the city states were forming with each other. At the time they didn’t have trained armies so normal citizens, wealthy ones so they could afford weapons and armor, decided to take it upon themselves to protect the state. This was the case for most city states but it was not the case for the Spartans, who are arguably the most famous hoplites. The Spartans were a much more militaristic city state and this result in them being one of the most successful armies in ancient Greece. To give some illustration to this, Paul Anthony Rahe states, “by turning the city into a camp, the polis into an army, and the citizen into a soldier.” Due to the more militarized society
Neither Athens or Sparta give women or slaves equal participation in their government and were not considered to be free. Both had a strong military and engaged all of its citizens in war. Both governments were formed by wealth status with the richest members of their populations holding highest political offices. Differences between Athen's and Sparta's Government structures Athen's government structure was considered to be a democracy. Spartan's government structure was considered to be an oligarchy.
Hailey Cassidy History Period F 3/30/16 Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece, located on the Mediterranean Sea was home to the two most powerful city-states of its time, Athens and Sparta. Athens was situated on the Attic Peninsula along the Mediterranean Sea and was most known for its cultural perspective such as drama, architecture, literature, and music. One of Athens’ most enduring achievements was the creation of democracy which allowed all male citizens to have a say in government. Not only was this a great achievement, but Athens was also educated their citizens and thrived during the Golden Age. Sparta, located on the Peloponnesian peninsula had a main focus on military power and success and there was little room for culture.
“Sparta is famous for its advances in military strategy and strong military might, closely matching its patron god” (Landrum). This says that the Greeks had military advancements. The US has military advancements too. “The trireme was a light wooden ship, highly manoeuvrable and fitted with a bronze battering ram at the bow which could disable enemy vessels. Thirty-five metres long and with a 5 metre beam, some 170 rowers (thetes - drawn from the poorer classes) sitting on three levels could propel the ship up to a speed of 9 knots” (Cartwright).