There are many great religions of the world. Two very popular ones were Confucianism and Daoism. Confucianism and Daoism have many similarities and differences. The similarities between Confucianism and Daoism are the founders, how the religion started, where it originated, and where the followers worship. Some differences are their belief of gods, the goal of each religion, and the fact that Confucianism is more of a political system for society, while Daoism is more of a personal self improvement.
Between foundation establishment of Egyptian and Chinese religion, there are a variety of differences such as beliefs and rituals. However despite their contrast, there is also known similarities of the two civilization’s religion discovered through the evolution of time. In comparison both civilizations were dependent upon the religious moral values implemented by a their divine being, bodily preservation, and the belief of Afterlife immortality. Both Egyptians and the Chinese believed equally as modern day Christians that there’s an afterlife for the deceased. In contrast, the Egyptians were polytheistic, worshiping an immense amount of gods in an attempt to describe and understand daily behaviors and change of their environment, while the Chinese did not typically worship gods; They worshiped their ancestors in a complex system.
Many of the roots of modern intellectual ideas and philosophies have stemmed from the ideas and philosophies of the ancient Greeks. While many other cultures had some impact, the Greeks most definitely had the most influence on modern math and science. Most notably, “the three Athenians that would come to dominate philosophy for the next 2000 years: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle”(p8). These three philosophers, along with many others from in or around ancient Greece set the foundation for Western intellect today. The communication abilities and location of ancient Greece allowed them to not only gather information about the ideas of diverse cultures around the world but also to have skepticism about the information and determine what was true.
Confucius lived in a period of time, which featured in Chinese history of philosophy "Hundred Schools of Thought". It is a period of time in Chinese history that philosophers, thinkers and the schools they were identified with flourished from the 6th century to 221 B.C., the year when the State of Qin united China under the First Emperor of China. One hallmark of their teachings, which were markedly different from the teachings of their contemporaries in Ancient Greek, was manifested in the fact that they were all attempting to provide practical and applicable solutions to the social and political crises they all were confronted with. For example, legalists promoted strict application of the law, arguing that punishments should be severe and definite so that the people will fear them. Confucius took a diametrically opposite approach from the legalists.
The Han Dynasty in China and the Roman Empire shared many similarities and differences when it came to political rule and the nature of their political authority. The most significant difference between the two is how the Han dynasty enacted policies that were shaped to counter the wrongdoings of the previous Qin dynasty, whereas the Roman Empire enacted policies shaped to create and promote peace and stability. The difference in the two empire’s coming to power was to account for their variance in political rule. After the Qin dynasty, the Han ruled China for four centuries, enacting numerous political changes and governing one of the most efficacious dynasties in Chinese history. Gaozu, the founder of the Han dynasty was the first low-ranked official to found a dynasty in imperial China.
Plato's belief was that “moral virtues are universal and absolute, not relative (Hunt, Martin, Rosenwein, Smith 2010).” he believed that it was the way people are whether they were good or bad, and that nothing can be changed about it. Plato was the first man to believe that the person's spirit is different from the body itself. According to David Davidson “Platonism is part of the vital structure of Christian theology (Davidson)." Which helped influence Christianity since Plato believed that there was a perfect world for people, which is what the Christian believed to be heaven. Plato was not Christian but Platonism did help people understand Christianity a bit better.
The Roman, Chinese and Indian empire are the three main empires that exist in the past and inspired the rest of the empires that came afterwards. The Roman empire used trade and government to get where it was. The Chinese empire used legalism and a strong army. The Indian empire used religion to be successful. An empire consists of many different features, but there are some specific key features that makes an empire a strong and powerful empire and it usually consist of a strong military, effective leader, religion, trade and a lot more different features.
Religion in Classical China Since human’s earliest years, we have relied on religion to guide us in countless situations; it influences almost everything we do. During the Classical Period in China, religion played large roles in many significant decisions. The three most prominently displayed religions at the time were Legalism, Confucianism, and Daoism. Though their unique teachings separated them from each other, each had equal impacts in the shaping of early Chinese civilization and culture. Legalism, by definition, is conformity to written or spoken laws, rather than a spiritual religion (Merriam Webster).
By fulfilling his duties to the people, a just and benevolent ruler would then be justified to rule by the Mandate of Heaven. Although both Confucius and Mencius have a lot in common with regards to governance, the two do have varying opinions on certain matters such as the legitimacy when rulers are overthrown, and the relationship between the ruler and his people. In precedence to coming up with policies and administrative measures, one has to first consider the issue of human nature as it plays an essential role in the development of a state 's political system. In the Confucian philosophy, the belief is that goodness is innate in humans and that everyone shares this same trait [子曰：“性相近也，习相远也。”] (Analects, 17.2). Mencius further elaborated on this doctrine by stating that it is mankind’s natural tendency to be kind to others, just as water would naturally flow downwards (Mencius, 6A2).
During the period of Cleisthenes, Democracy started to change into a powerful political system it influenced the western political and stages various from the Greco/Roman philosophers and ethical judeo/christians teaching and in the feudalism in England. All of them have effect the change of Democracy in many ways you can imagination but this where the build blocks of our founding fathers. Greece and Roman philosophers help influence normal day democracy. Most of the philosophers did left have people talking about them but mostly had an effect on society after their death one of those philosopher who questioned everything where Socrates like everyday in a democracy country you have the right of free speech. His one of his greatest pupil was Plato he wrote the book “Republic.” In which he wrote about how justice who affect society or the country in better ways than other and how it is the building blocks of things.HIs pupil was Aristotle was the author of a philosophical and scientific system who helped create christian Scholasticism and medieval Islamic philosophers.