Ancient Egypt is one of the greatest ancient civilizations in the world. It is the home to the great River Nile and the sun god, Amon-Ra. In this barren landscape, where sand reigns supreme, a small group of people built a lasting civilization that would be remembered for all time. From pyramids to great medical achievements, jaw-dropping temples are seen like nowhere else, and a hierarchal structure of power like our modern system, there are so many things they are known for. The main characteristics of this civilization will be outlined and explained on what made this a great and lasting civilization that is still talked about to this day.
Many people who were really good at pottery migrated from Basra ( which is located in Iraq). The pottery that they made was superbly painted. During the Abbasid Caliphate, Egypt was controlled by Ahmed ibn Tulun. Ahmed ibn Tulun was born in Samarra and always surrounded himself with luxurious object such as a lot of lusterware, Ahmed ibn Tulun would get most of is lusterware imported from Basra. In 870 BCE when Basra was disrupted, many of the artists who were really good at making lusterware, are said to have migrated to Ahmed ibn Tulun rising artistic center, this is predicted because there was a plate now in the British museum that was from around the 870 BCE, the dish was signed by Abu Nasr of Basra.
Zoser, Khufu, and Ramses the Second where considered to be the Mightiest Pharaohs. Starting with zoser and the step pyramid, which for at the time was a gigantic achievement. No other structure at the time could surpass it. Next was Khufu, and the great pyramid of Giza. Giza was so grand it was said that it was a staircase to the sun.
The Roman Empire The use of concrete in Roman Architecture Introduction: Roma, Modern day Rome, was founded in 753 BC, by the first of the seven Roman Kings, Romulus. The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful civilizations in history. The Roman power was echoed in their buildings with large arches and vast interior spaces, which was possible through the use of concrete. The Romans became such a powerful civilization, firstly, because of its location, Italy, between other powerful civilizations and right on the Mediterranean Sea. Secondly, the location of Rome gave the civilization access to an abundance of resources and thirdly, great leaders such as, Julius Caesar and Augustus Octavian who started to build Rome as a great Empire and city
Inside the temple one would find two different cellae, sacred inner chambers. One contained the statue of Venus Felix, and the other contained the statue of Roma Aeterna. This temple was unique in the fact that it was the only temple in Rome to have 10 columns along the front. Hadrian took much pride in his architectural designs, as he should have considering lavish and incredible each one was. Hadrian asked one of the most famous architects at the time, Apollodorus of Damascus to comment on the temple.
The team was thrilled to confirm not only the identity of the ancient culture existing on the island, but that the site specifically related to the story, because the ruins were of Knossos, the palace-city housing the labyrinth. After confirming that this was the palace of the legendary King Minos, Sir Arthur Evans named the civilization the “Minoans” in reference to the king. Further investigation of Knossos led the archeologists to discover that the Minoan culture boasted the presence of writing. In fact, the Minoans possessed the first instance of “Linear A” script in the world, found on clay tablets in the ruins of the palace store rooms. Most likely used exclusively for record keeping, the very existence of this script is significant because it was a missing link between the hieroglyphic language and Greek.
The monumental pyramids of Ancient Egypt are perhaps the most famous tombs in the world. The following details how the pyramids were constructed and used, the most famous pyramids and recent archaeological discoveries. There are four different types of tombs, the simple pit grave, mastabas, rock cut chapels and finally last but not least we have pyramid tombs. Early on, the Egyptians built Mastabas, tombs made out
The civilization of Ancient Rome thrived from the sixth century before Christ to the fifth century AD. The empire was the empire to overcome most of the Mediterranean Sea basin, the primary being the traditional Greeks. when usurping the previous Greek Empire, the Romans assimilated several aspects of Greek culture into their own, together with the Greek architecture. the most attributions to Ancient Greco-Roman architecture area unit cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems. The Roman fine arts Revolution is additionally called the Concrete Revolution.
The ancient Thebes (the present city of Luxor) is located on the western bank of the Nile River (about 650 km south of Cairo). The Egyptian temple domains of Ptolemaic and Roman times formed the center stage for the dramatic performance of various cultic ceremonies, processions, and rituals throughout the year . The Ptolemaic temple of Hathor (Thebes) is located in the necropolis of Deir el Medina; a small valley was the area where a community of workmen who constructed the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings had their village. This small, graceful Ptolemaic temple, completely surrounded by a brick wall, is thought to have been originally founded by the architectural genius under Amenhotep III (c.1402–1364 BC). The compound embraces the sites of earlier temples and the remaining Ptolemaic temple itself is fronted by a staircase of Ramesses II.
In commemoration of the dedication of the new sanctuaries, Severus conferred the rights of the ius Italicum on the city. There is only today, six Corinthian columns remain standing of this huge Jupiter temple. In addition, the temple of Bacchus, a world heritage site, is the one of the grandest roman temple ruins in the world.it has an influential model for neoclassical architecture. The walls are decorated by 42 Corinthian columns. The columns support a richly carved entablature.