The Sphinx was built in between 2550-2500 BCE by the pharaoh Khafre (4th king of Fourth dynasty).The body is 72.55 meters in length and 20.22 meters tall. The Sphinx is thought to be primarily a guardian figure, protecting the tomb of the Khafre by warding off evil spirits. Arabs know the Sphinx of Giza by the name of Abu-al-Hawl, or "Father of Terror. "The Sphinx's face was mainly damaged during French occupation around 1800, when Mameluke troops used it for target practice for their field cannons, but its body has been weathered by the elements for thousands of years.The material of the Sphinx is the limestone bedrock of what geologists call the Muqqatam Formation,the Sphinx is one of
It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is not only the oldest it is also the last standing. Egyptologists believe that pyramids were built as tombs for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Based on these estimates, building the pyramid in 20 years would involve installing approximately 800 tonnes of stone every day. Additionally, since it consists of an estimated 2.3 million blocks, completing the building in 20 years would involve moving an average of more than 12 of the blocks into place each hour, day and night.
Pharaoh Hatshepsut ruled from about 1473 to 1458 B.C.E. Pharaoh Ramses II ruled Egypt for 60 years. It’s believed he lived around 1303 BC and died July o August 1213 BC; reigned 1279-1213
The Nefertiti Bust is a picture that is believed to be 3300 years old. It was a stucco coated bust of Nefertiti made of and is made of limestone. Nefertiti was regarded as the great royal wife of the then Egyptian Pharaoh known as Akhenaton. Sculptor Thutmose is believed to have crafted the work in the year 1345 BC since it was discovered in his workshop found in Amarna in Egypt. The art is one of the arts that has been copied severally in the ancient Egypt.
In “The Epic of Gilgamesh”, Gilgamesh believes that fear is not and never will be “Justified”. This story was retold by Herbert Mason but no one truly knows who began the tale. “The Epic of Gilgamesh” is a well known epic poem that was created in ancient Mesopotamia around the time of 600 B.C. The point of view in which the story is told in is third person, in the perspective of Gilgamesh himself. The setting of the story is around the time of 2700 B.C.
It exhibits several character traits that were common to the Olmec people. It is made out of stone, and appears to have a greenish faint to it. It is old-style, but holds monumental value to a prehistoric culture. Consequently, the mask didn’t belong to the Aztecs, due to its age. It belonged to the Olmec culture that began to thrive between 1500 and 1200 B.C.E.
Anubis is the ancient Egypt god of the dead. Anubis is how his name is spelled in the Greek version, and Anpu is how the ancient Egyptians knew him. Anubis is an extremely ancient god who appears in the Old Kingdom. He also protects and guards the dead in the Pyramid Texts. He was originally the god of the dead, but then he was switched to being the god of the embalming process and funerals.
The practice of mummification dates back to the third Dynasty, to around 2600BC, but it was only in 21st Dynasty, in c. 1000BC, that the technique was perfected. It took centuries of experiment, and repeated failures, before the ancient Egyptians mastered the complex art of preserving in their dead the appearance of the living. According to Assmann (2014), at the end of the third Dynasty, the embalmers began removing the body’s abdominal organs. This is a fact that is indirectly confirmed by the appearance of Canopic jars, the stone vessels designed to hold these organs. There are seven steps in the process of mummification which are announce the death, embalm the body, remove the brain, remove the internal organs, dry out the body, wrap the body, and execute the final possession (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).
Thutmose III is one of the greatest kings of ancient Egypt. His name means ‘son of Thoth’, who is Egyptian god of wisdom. Thutmose became king when still a child and ruled for about 55 years, from about 1479 to 1425 B.C. For about the first 20 years of his reign, his aunt and stepmother Hatshepsut was the temporary ruler (regent).
Pharaoh Akhenaten and Arachne In Egyptian antiquity, Akhenaten was a real pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He was also known as Amenhotep IV and sometimes by the Greek name Amenophis IV meaning God “Amun is satisfied”. Akhenaten is noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monolatristic, henotheistic, or even quasi-monotheistic. Akhenaten culture shifts from Egypt's traditional religion were not widely accepted. After his death, his monuments were dismantled and hidden, his statues were destroyed, his 11 name was excluded from the kings’ lists, and traditional religious practice was gradually restored.