In mid-6th c. BCE Athens, just five years after the government of Solon (594), the Athenians found themselves encompassed by dissension and internal disorder. Athens created the first democracy-based government, although their government became more of a republic with democratic attributes. They, the electors, were unable to elect an Archon for five years due to their dissent with the former principles ran by the State. All people within Athens viewed these principles with contempt, those in the elite[upper] class were ‘estranged because of the abolition of debts,’ while the poor people wanted the distribution of all land and property. Both parties were unhappy with the changes made by Solon’s reforms and so many refused to vote for any new
The form of aristocracy in our government can be related to the senate. An aristocracy is a government rules by the privileged and primarily a hereditary ruling class. A senate is a governing body that is one half of the legislative branch. Each state elects two senators who have six year terms, one third of the senate membership expires every two years (Senate). Aristocracy and the senate are similar because in both governments, only the best and the brightest are chosen to serve.
Understanding Athenian and Spartan Governmental Structures Introduction Though both powerful and influential, the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta had very different governmental institutions. The purpose of this document is to investigate the differences between Athens and Sparta in terms of how people obtained the right to participate in public life, the composition of public office holders, the rules governing their selection, and the similarities and differences in their overall governmental structures. Obtaining the Right to Participate in Public Life and Make Decisions: Athens: The right to participate in public life was extended to adult male citizens of Athenian descent in Athens. Women, slaves, and foreign residents
The Spartan government consisted of a king, council of elders, and the Ephors. The Ephors were citizens of the state who represented and were elected by a majority of the population. Every citizen was eligible to be elected as an Ephor. Compared to the United States government, the Ephors are likened to the legislative branch of government because they “determine suits about contracts” (Aristotle). Noble people made up the council of the elders who were essentially the judicial branch of the government because they were the “judges of homicide” (Aristotle).
The Government of Athens wasn’t known to be the best one. Compared to Oligarchy, the Athenian democracy is a poor form of government. Athenian democracy is considered weak and is run by weak-minded people. Mostly lethargic and incompetent people are brought to the power saying that they all have equal rights. It becomes an issue in democracy when we need someone strong willed to lead the rest of the people in the society.
The Spartan Empire Spartan Government: An oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta. In the oligarchy system, few people has the power to rule. Sparta also had an assembly just like Athens, but the main decisions were taken by the “Council of Elders” with two kings and twenty-eight other men as its members. The two kings where born within the royal family while the twenty-eight man where elected by the assembly. For men to be elected to the Council of Elders, they had to be at least 60 years old and approaching from a noble family.
Before in an oligarchy or in a monarchy one person or group made the decisions about everything. This is a very basic similarity though, as the groups in each democracy do completely different things. The current American Democracy split up their responsibilities into three separate branches. These checks and balances are called; judiciary, legislative and executive. The leader of the country or president as we call him is contained in the executive branch.
Unlike the Romans, Athenians had a strict but fair schedule that allowed them to enjoy citizenship equally. Equally, hard workers have brought Athens power just as much as hereditary leaders. According to Document B all citizens should be allowed to speak their opinion and have a share in election because of the hard work they do to make the city powerful. Athenians allowed poor and common men to win a position in government which was a transition from the wealthy having power to everyone having power.
The Greeks displayed their humanistic values through government by they utilizing an effective system of self governing. This system was a direct democracy, defined as “government by the people” or “rule of the majority.” In the Athenian Democracy, the Assembly was the regular
Democracy, a form of government, allows the people in their own nationality to vote for people in order for them to become representatives as a result to vote on new laws that would affect their own nationality. One of the many states of Greece, ancient Athens was indeed not truly democratic as a result of not inclusive, other than male citizens, to gain authority in ancient Athens, ¨Demokratia was ruled by male citizens only, excluding women, free foreigners(Metics) and slaves.¨(Document D), therefore ruling Athens was only accessible to male citizen since since women, free foreigners(Metics), and slaves were not allowed to rule as a result of not being male citizens. One of the many states of Greece, ancient Athens, was indeed not truly democratic as a result of not even using the essentials of democracy that is used today, “Thus, by our standards, it was oligarchy, not democracy.¨(Document D), therefore ancient Athens was not using democracy as their form of government, they were using oligarchy,another form of government in which a small group of people has power and control, as their form of government instead of democracy.
Every portion of the government directly represented its people - from the Council of 500 to the Ecclesia and the Court and Jury System - and citizens were payed and thus incentivized to participate in the system. They did their best to make an equitable system with the allocation of members through the 10 tribe system, the potential for scrutinization for any member of the government, and the randomization of jury members for trials. The Greeks were a tier above their Roman counterparts when it came to
As various studies suggested, ancient Athens pursued permissiveness and democracy, which its form of government was the antecedent of nowadays 'rule by the people '. After toppling the dictator Hippias in 510 BC, Athenian demos not only took power, but also introduced electoral system that "with no single ruler. A public assembly of male citizens met 40 times a year to vote on state decisions. The agenda was set and decrees carried out by a 500 strong council, chosen by lot to serve one year each"(Finley, 1983). In my view, the authority was no longer centralized in the hands of one administrator, more ordinary people got a say in running the
In Athenian society there was a sort of democracy, the first in recorded history, but political rights and the power to vote was held by a relatively small group. Only free adult males with Athenian parents were eligible. While this also seems like an oligarchy today, it gave voice to a much larger portion of society than any of its contemporaries.(Brand,
A political regime may also be known as a form of government, a state system, or a political system. The term political regime may also sometimes refer to a specific ruler or set of rulers within a political system. There are many different types of political regimes in the modern world, and many more have existed historically. These range from the directly democratic political regime of anarchism to totalitarian regimes such as Military Dictatorship or