Aristotle’s politea is often mistranslated as ‘government’, but a more suitable translation is ‘regime’. He views polity as a combination of attributes from oligarchy and democracy. Democracy, in this case can be interpreted as mob rule, unlike modern democracy. According to Aristotle, there are two distinct classes, which cannot overlap; the rich and the poor. Thereby dividing the constitutions into oligarchy (rule of the rich) and democracy (rule of the poor).
There are several mainstreams forms of government, why democracy is regarded as an ideal form of government which agreed by the majority? Winston Churchill even said before, “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others.” Though democracy is an unsatisfactory form of government, it is better than dictatorial government or oligarchy, especially in ancient times. There are not too many civilizations accept democracy as the form of government, but it was first practiced in Ancient Greece. Although at that time, only free men were counted as citizens, not included women, children, or slaves, vote was first developed in Ancient Greece. Five hundred names were drawn from a pool of all name of Athens citizens and those people could have a chance to make new laws and change old laws, then all citizens of Athens needed to vote for those laws.
In Athens Greece, Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who wrote a book called Politics, what laws and government the people of Athens lived under in 350 B.C. These two ancient civilizations were 1430 years apart from each other. In those 1430 years it is thought that politics and laws would have advanced since the time of Babylon. By the time of Aristotle, the laws were far less harsher than those of Babylon. In the
Carthage was an oligarchy and a republic, having elected officials but only from a certain class. One has to wonder, was that one of the reasons Carthage fell? Rome's government, at the time, was one chosen and run by the people. Carthage was one chosen and run by the elite. Rome would not enter a war or do something that put its people at risk.
As various studies suggested, ancient Athens pursued permissiveness and democracy, which its form of government was the antecedent of nowadays 'rule by the people '. After toppling the dictator Hippias in 510 BC, Athenian demos not only took power, but also introduced electoral system that "with no single ruler. A public assembly of male citizens met 40 times a year to vote on state decisions. The agenda was set and decrees carried out by a 500 strong council, chosen by lot to serve one year each"(Finley, 1983). In my view, the authority was no longer centralized in the hands of one administrator, more ordinary people got a say in running the governmental affairs through suffrage, and obtained their official posts as well as participated in policy-making, though the majority of them were still upper-class populace.
At the contrary, Sparta was a city that has plenty of courageous warriors, and has developed a dictatorship government. This week in this Written Assignment I will make my better to briefly compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city states. Monarchy It is a form of government in which the ruling or rule (arkhein) power is it the hands of a single (monos) person such as a king with the help of a council advisor. The king is empowered to remain in power for life. He lived in the capital city, and there were some people in the villages around it that paid taxes, obeyed, and depended on him for their defense.
Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. Introduction I’m going to address the similarities and differences between Athens and Sparta’s societies in terms of their monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy During the late Bronze Age (2,000 - 1,200 BC) all Greek poleis had a monarch, however, this would drastically change after the Dark Age (1,200 BC) where Athens was left with only a palace and no king, it was the end of their monarchy. Sparta, managed to maintain a monarchy with two kings that descended from two royal families, the Agiads and Europontids (Carr, 2015). The kings didn’t hold complete power though, that belonged to the Ephors, the five magistrates.
The Pathernon is a temple that was built in ancient Greece in the 5th century in the city of Athens (Silverman ,n.d.). The Pathernon was said to symbolize the power of the politician Perikles who commissioned it’s building Athens (Silverman,n.d.). The building of this temple was also a tribute of sorts to the Greek victory in the Peloponnesian War. The Pathernon is built in the Doric style of building which consist of a rectangular floor (Silverman,n.d.). There are a series of columns measuring 8 by 17 which are referred to as a colonnade.
Legislative power is a supreme power of the state, which is ordinarily elected and thus reflects the sovereignty of the state. The legislative systems of United States of America and the United Kingdom are widely known to have multiple differences, as well as certain similarities. An efficient assessment of the legislative systems of the United Kingdom and the United States allows identifying major issues of the overall functioning of both countries. Nonetheless, the primary difference between the legislative system of the United States of American and the United Kingdome of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the absence of the constitution in the legislative system of the former. The latter is also accompanied by the fact that the members
Introduction of Democracy in Malaysia Democracy Democracy is a system that people decide and make decision as a group. The terms of Democracy formed by ancient Greeks that combine the words demos which mean people and krates which also mean as rule. So that the Democracy are refer to people-power or rule by people. The principle of democracy is, all the people have a vote and rights in decision making. Normally, the principle of democracy use in the form of government to make law and election.