Athens and Sparta are better in different aspects. For example, Sparta discouraged superfluous arts, but Athens appreciated them. This aspect is evident by the Athenian ruins, and that Sparta has no remnants of their history besides the tombs of their generals. This aspect concludes that Athens had more to lose during the Peloponnesian War. Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars.
Ancient Greek shaped the ideas of the what art should look like, and Greek culture plays such an important role of building the foundation of the western civilization. His ideas is absorbing, spreading and developing along with the conquered by Rome. Greece is kind of materialism, they barely believe the world in the mental, they prefer the world is all made by material instead. All the art work is the best example of Greece philosophy of life. The ideas of democracy, wisdom, religion is reflected in the Greek artwork, also represent the ancient people’s intelligence and creativity.
While some, like Plato in his The Republic, thought it weak to give government into the hands of the common people, Pericles countered this argument with a compelling argument of greatness. By putting government into the hands of the people, the people are united and more devoted to their country. Democracy bonds the people together in a way that no other government can understand. Pericles confidently states, “Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbor, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes.”
Unlike the Romans, Athenians had a strict but fair schedule that allowed them to enjoy citizenship equally. Equally, hard workers have brought Athens power just as much as hereditary leaders. According to Document B all citizens should be allowed to speak their opinion and have a share in election because of the hard work they do to make the city powerful. Athenians allowed poor and common men to win a position in government which was a transition from the wealthy having power to everyone having power.
Aside from this, that is about the only thing Sparta had going for them. Meanwhile, Athens was busy focusing on creating democracy and making famous literary works, like it was no big deal. Sparta, not so much, they just wanted strong jocks. After a reviewing a few elements of Athenian culture, it is clear to see Athens was clearly better than Sparta.
Barber uses logic in arguing for mass public education, quoting two of the most influential founders of our democracy, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. Barber knows that in a democracy, the people decide what is best for the nation, and if the nation is uneducated they will make the wrong decisions. Jefferson and Adams warn about those “tyrannies” of an uneducated society, which is why Barbers claims are truthful that education allows people to “think critically and act with deliberation”(6). To answer the question of how a society achieves equality and opportunity for its citizens, one should totally disregard William A. Henry’s callous remarks and illegitimate claims in his essay, “In Defense of Elitism.” His reasoning for selective educational opportunities tries to divide our country, which will discriminate individuals, amplify class
In his recount of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides presents the speech of the Spartan King Archidamus at the Sparta War Council as the Spartans deliberate on whether they should wage war against Athens. In his speech, Archidamus argues that self-control represents the true form of courage because the exercise of self-control is able to endow its possessor with other Spartan ideals such as good judgment, a sense of shame, and moderation. Through tying his conception of courage with other highly esteemed traditional Spartan ideals, Archidamus espouses a vision of the ideal Spartan citizen that shares many similarities with the kind of citizens that Socrates hopes to create for his imaginary city Callipolis. In fact, one can reasonably
By using natural elements, the Greeks were able to construct an area made for acoustics that would be able to reach everyone in the audience. This ingenious creation was then perfected by the Romans as they introduced more aspects to the theatre like the Scaenae Frons and Velas. The Romans decided to take a more complex approach than that of the Greeks and because of this new features were born. By by building off what the Greeks started it was possible for Vitruvius and other architects to enhance the properties of the theatre, use concrete to connect all aspects of the building and to allow for the best experience to be had by their
They were able to practice their own religion and traditions. The Romans also believed that laws should be based on reason and precedent. Three of the most known philosophers were from Greece. Their names were Socrates, who questioned how society thought, Plato, who wrote down everything his teacher Socrates talked about and believed in philosopher kings, and finally, Aristotle, the King of Logic. After all of this the Enlightenment takes place.
Greece DBQ Theater, government, and religion were all essential parts of ancient Greek culture. A unique trait which all of these aspects of ancient Greek society shared was progression and development. Theater progressed from simply relaying stories to tackling controversial topics which sparked discussion. Government showed growth and progression in both Sparta and Athens. Sparta developed a militaristic society which eliminated socioeconomic inequality and Athens’s monarchy evolved into a free democracy where people’s voices were heard.
Cyrus learned the lessons that made him an amazing leader from his father and from his own mind. In Persia Cyrus’s father, Cambyses, taught him to be incapable of setting his heart on any wickedness or shameful conduct. The masters in Persia instructed the boys not to accuse others unfairly, lie. The book Cyropaedia states, “punished.
Many powerful leaders supported the control of the Greek Empire. Cleisthenes, an Athenian leader, introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people.” The Greeks thought the political power could reside in the hands of one single individual (monarchs and tyrants). "Athens constitution is called a democracy because it respects the interests not of the
Religion and Mythology in Ancient Greece were looked upon with the highest importance, the Greek myths and tales of religion explained the unexplainable, gave reason to live and a sense of stability to a community. Ancient Greek myths can make the protagonist or other main character a role model in the way that they author writes them. The reader can also obtain life lessons from the myth or legend. A worthy instance of this is the Ancient Greek god Apollo, who is a wealthy king a, affectionate father, a dependable son, the founder of sports and music. Apollo is a good role model for people who grow up reading a myth or myths with Apollo in it.