Ancient Greek Forms Of Government

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Introduction
“The Greeks were pioneers in science and the arts,” (Ferris, 2008, p. 232). History elucidated that every city or village is an independent country, doing their own things, with their own form of government. Brand (2017) writes, “many of these were no more than small towns or even villages which controlled sometimes very small territories,” (p. 1). The predominantly forms of government in all these ancient Greek city-states are the monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy. These forms of government have different styles of governance. This paper will first discuss the various forms of government in ancient Greece; the monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy, Compare and contrast these forms of government,
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The new dictionary of cultural literacy, third edition published by Houghton Mifflin (2005), “Aristocracy government or state ruled by the elite, or privileged upper class,” (p. 1). The ancient Greece consisted of several city-states that had an aristocratic form of government. The Oligarchy refers to a form of government were, “a few wealthy people hold power over the larger group of citizens,” (Farah & Karls, 1999, p. 114). Sparta was a good example of a city-state ruled by an oligarchy. This form of government reinvigorates inequalities rather than undercuts it. Another form of government is Democracy, defined as the government by the people, in this form of government, power lies in the hands of all the citizens. Unarguably, Athens had the most democratic in the whole of ancient Greece…show more content…
Democracy encompasses the participation of all the citizens of a particular country based on the constitution and rule of law, this form of government brings economic development. On the contrary, the self-appointed rulers in the Aristocracy and Oligarchy forms of government are nothing but political gadflies.
References
Brand, P. J. (2017). Athens & Sparta: Democracy vs. Dictatorship. Retrieved from https://my.uopeople.edu/pluginfile.php/222168/mod_book/chapter/133618/Athens%20%20Sparta%20dictatorship%20%20democracy.pdf
Farah, A. A & Karls, A. B. (1999). World history: The human experience, New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.
Ferris, J. (2008). One million things: a visual encyclopedia, New York: Andrew Macintyre
Kostiner, J. (2017). Monarchy. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/monarchy
Houghton Mifflin. (2005). The new dictionary of cultural literacy: Third edition. Retrieved from
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