Ancient Greece is associated as the birthplace of democracy but it is fair to say that Greece was home to various forms of governments. Government is Greece took extraordinary diverse forms across different city-States for centuries, political power could rest in the hand of one single individual which will be referred to as Monarchies or Tyranny, rule by small group of people referred to oligarchy or aristocracy. Rule by all the male citizens referred to as democracy, which is regarded as Greeks greatest contribution to modern day civilization (Democracy). (Brand, P.J. (n.d)).
While the assembly was responsible for policy decisions only the Gerousia had the authority to set the agenda for the assembly. In addition to the Kings, Gerousia and Assembly were the ephorate, the panel of five magistrates handling the administrative aspects of Sparta. Three social classes were also created. Helots remained at the bottom of the ladder and were identified by wearing “distinctive garments.” The Periokoi were the next up from the bottom, and were considered free Greeks supervised by Spartans and were expected to serve militarily if needed. Male Spartans, the full citizens known as homoioi while a demographically small group comprised the ruling
While some, like Plato in his The Republic, thought it weak to give government into the hands of the common people, Pericles countered this argument with a compelling argument of greatness. By putting government into the hands of the people, the people are united and more devoted to their country. Democracy bonds the people together in a way that no other government can understand. Pericles confidently states, “Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbor, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes.” This, Pericles claims, is the might of democracy; the strength and excellence of many people rather than just that of a
Did the Constitution create a “more perfect Union?” After the American Revolution and The Declaration of Independence, America’s established its core government with the document known as the Articles of Confederation. The Articles possessed many structural weaknesses, mostly because it allowed states to operate like independent countries. The Articles of Confederation set up a government that consisted of a one-house body of delegates in which each state having a single vote. Acting collectively, these delegates could make decisions on certain issues that affected all the states. Due to its failure to establish an executive branch and a judiciary branch, an imbalance of power was created within the government itself.
.Introduction Athens and Sparta were two major city-states in old Greek. We review their governance and compare them for their similarities and differences. How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders?
One example of Rome’s confusing concept of democracy can be found in The Histories, which was written by the Greek historian Polybius in 119 BCE. Polybius was captured by the Romans and taken back to Rome and later wrote The Histories after befriending high-ranking Roman officials. The main purpose of his work was to describe how Rome became the dominant world power.Polybius states that, “No one can say for sure whether the constitution is an aristocracy or democracy or despotism.” Polybius the goes on to say that the consuls had almost complete control over the government and were able to run the military and spend as much public money as
2). The style in which these governments were set is called a democracy (doc. 2). In this form of government the people have a voice and cast votes for their laws ( O.I.). However in Athens there was a direct democracy where every indval voted on everything (doc.
The most renowned Gods and Goddesses are the Olympians, 12 deities, some being Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, and Hades. A God that is not well known is Hephaestus, son of Hera and Zeus, God of Blacksmiths, Sculptors, Fire, and Volcanoes also the master craftsman of the Gods crafting Zeus’s mighty lightning bolt. (No Author) Hephaestus) Hermes was the Greek god of commerce, son of Zeus and Maia known for being swift footed Hermes is the link between the mortal world and Olympus he is also the guide for souls heading to the underworld. (No Author) Hermes) The Greeks had a God for almost anything imaginable including war, The afterlife, and
The Spartan Empire Spartan Government: An oligarchy system was adopted in Sparta. In the oligarchy system, few people has the power to rule. Sparta also had an assembly just like Athens, but the main decisions were taken by the “Council of Elders” with two kings and twenty-eight other men as its members. The two kings where born within the royal family while the twenty-eight man where elected by the assembly. For men to be elected to the Council of Elders, they had to be at least 60 years old and approaching from a noble family.
Democracies are divided into two categories; direct and representative democracy. In a direct democracy, all citizens can participate in making public decisions without the existence of an elected or appointed officials. Such a system is best practiced with a small number of people in organizations, councils or unions. The best example to portray direct democracy would be in ancient Athens; direct democracy was practiced in an assembly of 5,000 to 6,000
Sparta developed a militaristic society which eliminated socioeconomic inequality and Athens’s monarchy evolved into a free democracy where people’s voices were heard. Religion does not contain progression as easily identifiable since there is no true timeline of the myths. However, it can be seen that over the course of many myths, there are Gods who hold power over
This is an example of Greek not being a democracy because in a democracy everyone gets a say, and during that time only the rich people had a say in who became the leaders. I started out with the question, were the Greeks very democratic? I answered it by saying that them making people slaves and treating people differently because of their class resulted in them not being very democratic. I strongly believe with the evidence I have that the Greek city-states were not really democratic at
The Articles of Confederation did not adequately control and decrease the negative impacts of groups on the country, and in this manner another government was essential. The administration laid out in the Constitution was perfect since it was a republic, an agent government that would keep self-intrigued interests from holding an excessive amount of influence over the legislature. It was equally substantial, containing agents from each state and various vested parties, making it troublesome for one faction to overwhelm and stifle the others. Delegates would be chosen by a large group of individuals, assuring that just the most commendable would hold office. At last, laws were gone by the entire country, making it troublesome for issues in one state to invade and influence others.
The Modern-day democratic governments owe a lot to the democracy of ancient Athens. This early attempt at a fair and equal government run by the citizenry was unprecedented, and it served as a model for all the democratic governments that came after it. (Synonym, 2015). Many aspects of the Athenian Greek democracy are similar to those of the US democracy today. Athenians sought a Government were all citizens would determine how the state was ran.
The forms of government were ever changing due to the leaders that came in and took over, as well as the great leaders that came in and took over, helping their people with better forms of governments. Some government systems that were used in Greece and Rome include: Monarchy ( in the form of an emperor, by election or relativity), Tyranny ( a ruler comes in and takes over), Democracy (widely popular in Greece, “rule of the people”), Republic (power is split, in Rome only), Oligarchy (“rule of a few”, the aristocrats were the rulers of this government system), Tetrarchy (“rule of four”), and Aristocracy (“the rule of the