Introduction Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy were all forms of government found at different times and in different city-states in Ancient Greece. Elements of more than one of these forms also co-existed, however, and the modern connotations of labels such as these are not necessarily the same as those that prevailed in Ancient Greece. In this paper I firstly describe these various forms of government and provide examples of their use in Ancient Greece. I then compare and contrast the models. Monarchy Monarchy may be defined as: “a government having a hereditary chief of state with life tenure and powers varying from nominal to absolute” (Merriam Webster, n.d.).
Ancient Greece had many different forms of government within its many eras and countries. To name a few of these governing styles you had monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and the founding of democracy. Overall each governing style can be found within a few time points throughout Greek history. Some Greek governments established mixes of different governing styles. Such as Sparta which had a mix of Monarchy, Oligarchy, aristocracy, and tyranny.
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
In a word, Ancient Greek is the birth place of different governmental form and civilization. Today we will Compare and contrast monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy each of these terms in the context of the Ancient Greek states and see how they all vary from one another. Monarchy Dictionary.com defines monarchy as, “a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch; supreme power or sovereignty held by a single person.” The ancient Greece city-state Macedon were one in which monarchies flourished from 359 to 168 B.C.E. Here the monarch came from royal family, he lived in palace and made laws, enforced laws, had the villagers paid him taxes, and had his own
These certain staples of power were democracy, obligarchies, and tyrannies. Small communities in ancient Greece expanded to become separate city- states known as the Polis. The Polis were the nucleus of life in ancient Greece. This meant that the Polis were gathering places to settle business, discuss politics, and as gathering for religious events as well. The Polis was an independent society in which it’s citizens worked for the good of the state.
So, the question is, how did democracy in ancient Greek look like? Beck (p. 147) explained that democracy can stand for a constitution which is opposed to tyranny, or in the sense of modern scholarship, “a constitution which is based on a very high degree of popular participation”. Rabb and Suleiman, in their research, mentioned that democracy means “a political constitution based on rules that confer the power to take collective decisions to a (more or less) large number of the members of the group and respect basic liberal rights” (Rabb & Suleiman, 2003, p.23). Therefore, it can be understood that democracy is a government ruled collectively by the citizens, in this sense, those who are empowered with the rights to citizens in the city
Introduction The city-states of Athens and Greece were ruled by a diverse range of governments. Under these were the monarchy, the aristocracy, the tyranny, the oligarchy and the democracy. In this paper we will compare and contrast these 5 forms of governments in ancient Greek city-states. The Monarchy A monarchy is a type of government most recognizable by the fact that power rests in the hands of one person. Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors.
Forms of Government in Ancient Greece Poleis University of The People Greek city-states ruled their populace through different governmental systems. Each polis was unique in its form of government and the latter, the type of the government, had undergone quite a few changes over time. Aristotle categorized types of government in Ancient Greece into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies(Carr, 2017). Monarchies, a ruling system in which total power rests with one person or a family, were the norm in the early ages of Greek, about 2000 BC and after, which is an era known as the Bronze Age(ContessaD, 2012). This form of government was represented either by kingdoms or empires.
Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
INTRODUCTION WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? The word ‘Democracy’ combines the elements ‘Demos’ which means ‘People’ and ‘Kratos’ meaning ‘Force or power’. It is defined a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections (Merriam Webster Online Dictionary, 2014). Democracy is based on the ideals of equality, freedom and welfare for citizens. It abolishes all forms of restriction and privilege.