The Greeks advanced in philosophy, science, education and more. Because of these innovations, ancient Athens in became one of the most followed societies. It was extremely developed and influenced cultures to come. Instead of the people plainly farming or fighting in battle, the people of Athens had larger purpose and goals. Back then, health was a huge issue and a common reason for hardship and death.
In school both boys and girls would learn reading, writing, mathematics, basic-combat, and self-defense. Even Athenian philosophers like Plato and Socrates praised this education system. In Athens only the boys were educated for the most part, so most women went through there lives being illiterate. Other then the blatant gender equality issues the Athenian government had many problems as well. Athens may have had a democracy, but that didn't save the, from corruption.
Eratosthenes also helped in the advancement of geography. Not only did Greece have great thinkers, but it also made way for architecture and sports. In all we may not have the things we do today if it weren’t for some guys in Greece long ago. Greek architecture has influenced many modern and old buildings, especially with their columns. First, doric columns are special because of their simplicity.
Unlike Athenian women who were taught simple housewives roles such as, taking care of the children, cooking and raised to be housewives who were very dependent on the men in the house. Spartan women were raised and lived in an environment where Men were treated equally on the battlefield. Women worked hard alongside the men to prove they were just as hardworking and dedicated to Spartan society. Spartan Women would disown their children if they were cowards in battle, Plutarch was quoted talking about Damatria, a Spartan mother who had found out about her son’s cowardly actions and decided to deal with that herself “Damatria heard that her son had been a coward and unworthy of her, and when he arrived, she made away with him” (Plut. Lacae.
Without a doubt, Ancient Greece has had great influence on the formation and development of western culture and civilization. Athens, arguably the greatest city-state of Ancient Greece, brought forth democracy into the world. It was during the golden age of Ancient Greece that Philosophy, Science, Math, Literature, and the Arts started to make their mark on western civilization. Greek thinkers established the modern fields we now take for granted. It was because of their cultural and intellectual revolutions that the world as we know it now exists.
Ancient Greece is associated as the birthplace of democracy but it is fair to say that Greece was home to various forms of governments. Government is Greece took extraordinary diverse forms across different city-States for centuries, political power could rest in the hand of one single individual which will be referred to as Monarchies or Tyranny, rule by small group of people referred to oligarchy or aristocracy. Rule by all the male citizens referred to as democracy, which is regarded as Greeks greatest contribution to modern day civilization (Democracy). (Brand, P.J. (n.d)).
Jurors were also required to be under oath during the proceedings (Cartwright). Due to the required age, the participants were experienced citizens in that the had resided in Athens long enough to gain at least a base understanding of its citizens, themselves included, and the inner working of the justice system. These citizens are directly affected by the laws created by their government. Laws are created to benefit the citizens, therefore it is in their best interests to use experts on the people of the state as
A common definition for oligarchy is "a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes" (Oligarchy., n.d.). Carthage is defined as an oligarchal republic because it did elect its officials, but only aristocrats could hold public office. The highest position in Carthage was the suffete, which was held by two men. "One lead the armed forces of Carthage when at war and the other would run the government at home. "(Cartwright, M., 2016).
They were rich and highly influential people of the society. All the important decisions were decided or influence by these group of elders. Among themselves, they will select their kings. Spartans had two kings, however their powers were limited because the Ephors and Gerousia can dictate them what to do. These are the rules that governed in the selection of public office holder in
2). The style in which these governments were set is called a democracy (doc. 2). In this form of government the people have a voice and cast votes for their laws ( O.I.). However in Athens there was a direct democracy where every indval voted on everything (doc.