Ancient Indonesia Research Paper

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ANCIENT INDONESIA In Indonesia, the first people arrived about 40,000 years ago, when sea level was joined to Asia by a land bridge and sea level was lower. In the end of the last ice age 10,000 BC a really big amount of new people came. At first they gathered plants for food, collected shellfish and hunted animals. By about 2,500 BC they learned to grow crops such as millet, bananas, rice and taro. The early farmers also made pottery with tools made of stone. However by 700 BC the Indonesians learned how to make bronze and iron. Also, at that time wet rice cultivation was introduced. Indonesian people were forced to control the supply of water to their own fields. From about 400 BC Indonesians traded with other nations for example India and…show more content…
In the center of Indonesia is located along ancient trading track between the Middle East, South Asia, and the Far East , resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by multiple religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Confucianism, and Christianity. The outcome is a complicated cultural mixture greatly different from the original indigenous cultures. Examples of cultural joining include the fusion of Hindu with Islam in Javanese Abangan belief, Buddhism and animism inBodha, the fusion of Hinduism, and the fusion of some others. Traditional art, music and sport are put together in a art form called Pencak Silat. Balinese dances are stories about Hindu kingdoms and ancient Buddhist, Islamic art forms are present in Sumatra, mostly in the Minangkabau and Aceh regions. Western culture has significantly affected Indonesia in technology, science, and modernized entertainment such as television shows, music and movies, as well as political system and issuance. India has particularly influenced Indonesian films and songs. A common type of music is the Indian-rhythmical dangdut, which is mixed with Malay and Arab folk music. Even with the influences of foreign culture, a few remote Indonesian regions still keep particular indigenous culture. Indigenous ethnic groups like Toraja, Dani, Asmat, Dayak, Mentawai, and many others are still practicing their ethnic rituals and wearing their own traditional
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