The Anasazi also kept turkeys and used their feathers to make blankets and clothes, and they domesticated dogs. We know they started farming as early as 1 A.D., and became the first people to use irrigation in what we now know as America. Irrigation is a system where ditches are dug from a water source to carry the water to the plants, having them well watered, even in a very hot and dry climate. Art
Zheng he began establishing trade networks with several regions across the indian ocean. His treasure fleets impressed most of the people he met, with some claims suggesting that his ships were about 100m+ in length. What started during the early 1400’s lasted all the way into the 1700’s. The chinese established a trading relation with many coastal areas and began trading with them through the ocean. This all started with China wanting to spread their strength and influence across the Indian Ocean this can be seem in document 6 which talks about how everyone wanted chinese goods.
Ancient Civilizations Egypt, Mesopotamia, and India are some of the early civilizations, that helped to shape the world as we know it. Each ancient civilization had many contributions to society. Some would include irrigation, grid like house system, and written languages. Ancient Egypt is one of the most common ancient civilizations. We all know them for the pyramid but that 's not all that they achieved.
1. Since the beginning of time people have engaged in trade because of the vast resources other countries and people have to offer. As everyone can see in the first class lecture, people have been trading before the discovery of Columbus. Countries like Mesopotamia, India, and China were trading long before Columbus discovered the “new world”. At the time trade was mostly focused in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean where most of these great nation were located.
Before 300, there was small amounts of long distance trade along the trade networks. After 300, empires started to get larger and more powerful, the technology was improved so they could travel long distances, and the necessity for luxuries and raw materials were greater. That caused more long distance trade along the trade routes. In the Indian Ocean before 300, the amount of trade was limited due to the lack of good ships. After 300, the invention of dhow ships, lateen sails, and the compass made travel easier in the Indian Ocean.
For instance, farming took place in the Aztecs and Incas environment, “the Inca were farmers, growing potatoes as well as other crops, often in terraces cut into the high mountainsides.” Patel (4). They also raised sheep and used their meat for hunger and its wool for cloth. Due to the Aztecs living on a swamp, they adapted by making a floating garden called a Chinampa to help produce maise and grow other crops. Maldonado (3).
With that said, these early inhabitants were not living in simplicity amongst the environment therefore alteration to their surrounds had to be made in order to feed their growing civilization. There is evidence that suggests the operation for expansion of chinampas, “As popultions grew, they adopted more intensive methods of cultivation—composting, terracing, irrigation. They filled in swamps to create fields and carried silt and muck from bottomlands to fertilize enclosed gardens. Artificial ponds yield fish, and corrals held deer and other game flushed from the forest. The ancient Maya ultimately coaxed enough sustenance from the meager land for several million people, many times more than now live in the region” (Gugliotta).
In the time period from 600- 1450 C.E, at the beginning of the post classical era there was an increase in trade and major religions such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam began to spread through trading routes such as the silk roads. The silk roads made easier the spread of many ideas and goods such as weaponry across regions. As these religions spread they became the foundation of new empires and allowing a structure and keeping peace among the people. Over time trade became more and more important with merchants traveling long distances and selling luxury goods to the elites, and commerce on the Indian ocean allowed for an abundance of goods to be transported over a large distance by sea, thus new states and empires coming into greater
There was also trade between the two groups; Europeans
Between 600 CE to 1750 CE, the process by which trade was conducted on the Indian Ocean changed dramatically. With the new maritime knowledge in the Indian Ocean, larger ships were able to connect Africa to the rest of the Indian Ocean network, leading to merchant Diaspora which continued throughout the era. From 1000 CE to 1400 CE, African city-states began to grow and led to an intensified trading network throughout the Indian Ocean. With this increase in cross-cultural interaction, new technology, ideas and diseases were exchanged.
For example, when China started using silver as currency, they traded with the British and Dutch. The Dutch would pay with pesos that had been made by African slaves using Incan and Aztec forms of labor. The silver would then eventually find its way to more places. Although, the people at the time didn’t know this, the world was interconnected because of trade, and because of the many places and people involved in trade. Why was trade so pervasive in the Islamic world prior to contact with the Portuguese?
Hunter gatherer/ Agriculturalist essay Hunter gatherers and agriculturalists are different and the same in some ways. Their population is the basically the same because there was never that many people. They had the men do the work mainly. Neither one of them didn't have much technology at the beginning.
They used various techniques. They would either build things by hand or with a mould. The most common pieces of pottery that they made were water jugs or pots to cook in. Another pot that they made that I found cool had bark woven around the outside which would cool the water through evaporation when it was soaked in water. After building the pot and setting it out to dry, they would cover it in maybe bark or cow dung and fire it on an open fire.