Religion was a vital part of the Egyptian way of life. Egyptian writings clearly show this fact with texts proclaiming, “May Amon favor you!,” and, “Now while he was making an offering to the gods, the god seized one of his youths and made him possessed.” These two quotes reflect Egyptian focus on religion. They blessed others in the gods’ names and offered sacrifices to the gods. The importance of religion to the Egyptians also reveals itself with the reign of Akhetaten. This ruler sought to change the focus of Egyptian religion from the worship of Amun-Re to the exultation of the Aten.
After the death of Akhenaten and the collapse of his religious reforms, Moses adopted the Israelites as ‘his people’ and led them out of Egypt. Hebrew monotheism grew out of a strange admixture of the worship of Aten and the worship of an old Canaanite. In conclusion, Psalm 104 and the Hymn to Aten contain striking similarities. Psalm 104 looks very much at home in the Hebrew psalter whereas the Hymn to Aten, along with the religion of Akhenaten, is an aberration. Is it possible that Akhenaten was influenced by a corpus of literature that was introduced into Egypt, and pharaoh was preserved for safekeeping by Canaanites and finally transmitted into an Israelite scribe years
Under Khatre they established Sphinx, which protected his burial pyramid. Religion briefly changed to the monotheism worship of Aten under the ruling of Akhenaten and soon it faded after his death until his son, King Tut, took over as the image of the Aten. Even though the cyclical empires did not always last long, they still managed to leave an impact on Western Civilization. No matter the size of the empire they were, they contributed to make the society better and continue to grow. Mesopotamia established things such as writing, military, and trade.
The first point that Hebrews exhibit all features of a civilization is after their Exodus from Egypt and rise in Jerusalem, in my opinion. Although the Hebrews did live in tribes and show pieces of civilizations beforehand, they had adopted aspects of the Mesopotamian civilization and did not fit into all categories for a civilization. The Hebrews needed to exhibit several things, on their own, and those things are: a writing system, complex government, job specialization, complex religion, art and architecture, rise in cities, public works, and finally social classes. To start, Moses helped them with religion and transformed them into a nation in the early 13th century, as well as, helped them believe in Yahweh, the one god. After Moses, the Hebrews had their first king, Saul, which can be assumed that at this point they had a complex government.
Such as taking away the power that religious officials had. Amenhotep’s changes are extremely different than what we know about many Pharaohs before and after. Amenhotep III really built himself on a pedestal of being better than everyone else, whereas Horemheb did his best to weaken the power that religious figures had in Egyptian society. Horemheb oversaw the tearing down of many monuments and temples that the people before himself made, people such as Ay and Amenhotep III. The 18th dynasty ended with Horemheb, but Amenhotep III’s reign would show many religious changes that are actually quite surprising, where he saw himself more than a god than a member of his own family.
Alexander returned to Babylon, where he in June 323 BCE died after suffering from a high fever for ten days. When Alexander defeated the Persian Empire, the bloc preventing the spread of Greek settlements into the East disappeared. Alexander’s most certain historical achievement, though it was unintended, was that the western Asia, all the way up to the Mesopotamian frontier, for the first time became part of the Greek world. As result of his conquests, the Greek culture spread through the western Asia, leading to the unification of Greek, Egyptian and Mesopotamian culture, also known as the
He transformed the lands from Egypt to India into a new Greek world. Greeks had conquered the world, so they exported their way of life. But, there are no kingdoms without a king, and with Alexander’s swift and stunning compromise, his empire would crumble almost as quickly as it was built. 404 BC., a long and bloody 27-years’ war has come to an end. Athens is dominated and destroyed
Finally he used Roman inventions and religion in his empire. Justinian revived the Roman Empire by conquering Rome’s land, revising their laws, and using their inventions and Religion. Justinian conquered most of the old Roman Empire’s land. You can look at the map in Document 6, and identify that all the land Justinian conquered in his time was land that used to be the Roman Empire’s. This supports the idea that Justinian revived the Roman Empire because he is adopting their land.
Tutankhamun sought to regain these relations and policies. There is some evidence to support that Tutankhamun 's diplomacy was successful, any battles took place during his reign. These battles took place with the Nubian’s and the Asiatics over the control of trade routes, as well as the battle for territory. As seen in the image depicting the Nubian Army: Tutankhamun sought to restore Egypt to its former glory, before the reign of Akhenaten, this meant changing to a polytheistic belief. During this Tutankhamun moved the royal court back to Thebes and ordered the reconstruction and development of holy grounds.
As Jews we are raised to understand the story of how the world came about and where the Jews fit in. This idea has been discussed about from the creation of the world, and the creation of the first humans, until time today. Sometimes we forget some crucial events in the history of the Jews, such as the existence of the 12 tribes or the Tower of Bavel and what affect it had on the world. There are two biblical stores that are important to understanding the Jewish Indian Theory. The first one, the tower of Bavel, tells the story of people determined to build a tower tall enough to reach God.