Jackson’s plans of removal were favored by many Americans as he convinced them that it was practical and for the better good of Native Americans. Jackson stated that he had given them many incentives to leave. Native Americans would be provided with ample supplies and supported for a year after their move to western lands. Jackson believed that this was a practical resolution to the issues developing between the two nations. Jackson acknowledged that the intrusion of Americans onto western land was occurring, but he did not believe that it was a genuine problem.
One of the main reasons why Andrew Jackson wanted the Indians to be removed is because the Americans wanted the land that the Native Americans lived on for agriculture. Also Andrew Jackson believed the Native Americans lacked education & would influence the Americans if the Indians stayed. Georgia is where gold was first discovered & this made the Americans want the property where the Cherokees lived & forced to leave. Andrew Jacksons tone in the letter to the Cherokee was very blunt & harsh. Andrew Jackson said the Native Americans were not able to stay in Georgia because there living would become worse & eventually disappear.
Although this treaty explicitly stated the Indians’ rights to land, history- and even the Act itself- proved that Americans followed it very loosely, if at all. The Trade and Intercourse Act seemed to dampen the consequences of violating Indian land rights since it included the phrase, “not exceeding,” when referring to the jail- time and fees that any invasive Americans had to pay. 3. Andrew Jackson proposed moving the Indians because he wanted to end the tensions between the Federal and State Governments concerning Natives, to condense the Indian population in a single expanse of land, to open the area between Tennessee and Louisiana to the whites, and to prevent Indian and American conflicts. In the second paragraph of his Message to Congress in1829, Jackson said that the United States should move the Indians because it would put “an end to all possible danger of collisions between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the Indians.”
Bridgette Adesuwa Omon Olumhense DBQ #2 The time period between 1789 and the mid 1830’s was quite ambiguous. With the British gone and the United States now in her building stages, an attiude needed to be taken towards the Native Americans, specifically the Cherokee Indians. The administrations before Jackson treated the Cherokee Indians with a somewhat docile, amiable hand, however much was left to be desired on the side of the United States. Many did not want to share the newly freed land with those that were not their own. Underneath the façade of friendship was manipulation, guarded ethnocentrism and racism.
The native policies of George Washington were formed on the basis of whether a native tribe was a supporter or an enemy of the United States. Following the American Revolution, George Washington, with the consent of Congress, ordered Major General John Sullivan to obliterate the Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca (three of the six native tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy who allied with Great Britain during the American Revolution). Despite this fact, George Washington maintained peaceful relations with Native American that supported the United States. For example, Georgia formed treaties with the Creeks that resulted in the cession of land which was not recognized by the Creeks. This issue was resolved by the Treaty of New York, which restored
This essay considers how Cherokees responded to the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This Act, promoted by the seventh President of the United States Andrew Jackson, enabled the United States government to relocate the “Five Civilized Tribes” to reservations west of the Mississippi River. The majority of Americans supported removing Southeastern Amerindians. American settlers were eager to gain access to Cherokee lands in Georgia. The Indian Removal Act resulted in the mass transplantation of Indian tribes known as the “Trail of Tears.”
The Indian Removal Act authorized Jackson to give the Indians land west of the Mississippi in exchange for their land in the states, but could not force them to leave. He violated and broke commitments that he even negotiated with them. He tried to bribe the Indians and even threatened some of them. Alfred Cave organizes his article thematically and is trying to prove
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall agreed that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct society but not that it was a foreign nation. In 1838 and 1839, as a major speciality of Andrew Jackson 's Indian evacuation strategy, the Cherokee country was compelled to surrender its properties east of the Mississippi River and to relocated to a territory in show day Oklahoma. The Cherokee individuals tabbed this excursion the "Trail of Tears," as a result of its overwhelming impacts. The verbal confrontation on the bill was longed and unpleasant, for the subject of Indian evacuation touched upon various extremely intense subject matters: the established inquiry of states ' rights versus government privileges, Christian
They were the most accepting when it came to transforming to the "civilized" life of the white settlers. In 1830, President Jackson convinced congress to pass the Indian Removal Act, which was “A measure that allowed state officials to override federal protection of Native Americans”(). There was absolutely no justification for why Andrew Jackson removed the Cherokee Indians from their land. In his State of the Union Address, he says "it is in the best interest of the Cherokee's to remove them west because they were not civilized"(2). Ultimately, Jackson wanted the land that the Cherokee Indians called home
The U.S. has stated that, “Those Indian tribes and nations, which have remained under their own form of government, upon their own soil, and have never submitted themselves to the government of the whites, have a perfect right to retain their original form of government…” This is an important political change because the U.S. has already claimed that the Cherokee are civilized. The Cherokee have already had to assimilate and lose their old culture in order to be more like the white people, yet they are being forced to move. By assimilating the Natives, the Americans have to teach the Cherokee all of the white American laws, and inform them that their native laws were “incorrect”, “They must be brought gradually under our authority and laws, or they will insensibly waste away in vice and misery.” The new laws that the Cherokee had to follow were a huge political change they had to undergo, Now that Jackson had become president, as a new leader he made drastic changes like this, that would cause the Cherokee Indians to change all of their old laws and learn the “new laws” that the whites went by.
The indian removal act was a document created by Andrew Jackson, and the indian removal act stated that “called for the removal of the ‘Five Civilized Tribes’ – the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole”(Atrocities Against Native Americans). in the years 1830 through 1838
In 1830, encouraged by President Andrew Jackson, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act which gave the federal government the power to relocate any Native Americans in the east to territory that was west of the Mississippi River. Though the Native Americans were to be recompensed, this was not done fairly, and in some cases led to the further destruction of many of the eastern tribes. By early 1800’s, the white Americans established settlements further west for their own benefit, and later discovered gold. Furthermore, Georgia's attempt to regain this land resulted in the Cherokee protesting and taking this case to the United States Supreme Court.
The Act led to an array of legal and moral arguments for and against the need to relocate the Indians westward from the agriculturally productive lands of the Mississippi in Georgia and parts of Alabama. This paper compares and contrasts the major arguments for and against the
The Indian Removal Act was signed in 1830 by President Andrew Jackson to remove the Cherokee Indians from their homes and force them to settle west of the Mississippi River. The act was passed in hopes to gain agrarian land that would replenish the cotton industry which had plummeted after the Panic of 1819. Andrew Jackson believed that effectively forcing the Cherokees to become more civilized and to christianize them would be beneficial to them. Therefore, he thought the journey westward was necessary. In late 1838, the Cherokees were removed from their homes and forced into a brutal journey westward in the bitter cold.
"It will be my sincere and constant desire to observe toward the Indian tribes within our limits a just and liberal policy, and to give that humane and considerate attention to their rights and their wants which is consistent with the habits of our Government and the feelings of our people." -- Andrew Jackson’s speech about the Indian Removal Act of 1830 in 1830. The Cherokee are a Native American Tribe that live in Oklahoma and North Carolina, and have lived there for decades. In 1830, Andrew Jackson (the president during this time) was mad because the Cherokee Indians had been hurting and scalping people in Georgia. Because of this, Jackson put up the idea of a removal act, a way to get the Cherokee to either move out of Georgia or abide by state law.