This was a very controversial event that many people opposed. The law required that Natives not be forced to leave their lands; however, President Andrew Jackson, who had signed the Act into law, often ignored this, and took Native land by force. Native Americans were relocated to land west of the Mississippi that the United States had gotten in the Louisiana Purchase (History.com, 2009). The Choctaw nation was the first to be forced from its land. These Natives travelled on foot to their new lands, on what was later called the “Trail of Tears”.
Cherokee Indians signed a treaty giving up their land in exchange for territory in Arkansas. Andrew Jackson signed for the act May 28, 1830, then he outlined a drawing December 6th. President Jackson pushed the act because it allowed him to grant unsettled land in
When Andrew Jackson became president in 1829, the Native American condition worsened. Congress allowed the president to solve the "Indian problem" with the Indian Removal Act of 1830 (O’Neill 11). This act gave President Jackson permission to offer tribes land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their tribal lands east of the Mississippi. Politicians of the day considered this a generous offer, (O’Neil 11) but the Native American population would not surrender their homes so easily. So the federal government used some shady tactics in order to get many tribes to accept the agreement.
This source has significant value to historians but, like any other source, has its limitations. Andrew Jackson’s motivation to remove the Cherokee from their homeland originated from an avid persona to benefit the Americans. The speech analyzes Jackson’s motivation, and specific plans to remove the Cherokee. In consideration of the speech being written in 1830, the audience can learn how Jackson was rather harsh towards the natives in order to benefit himself and others. This is evident with Andrew Jackson’s actions and his presumptions of the Natives.
During the war, the South tried to bring the political power under the control of a single authority. Southerners had long opposed a strong central government. Throughout the war, some find it difficult to cooperate with officials of both the Confederacy, and their own states and cities. States rights supporters back the war, but opposed the draft of other actions needed to carry out. The Battle of Bull Run was a battle against South Carolina and the Union of Confederacy.
Perhaps the most controversial of Jackson’s actions during his presidency is the Indian Removal Act of 1830 that lead to the Trail of Tears. Soon after becoming president, Jackson passed the former act which called for the relocation of native tribes from their homelands to a designated “Indian territory” in present-day Oklahoma. While Jackson had a clear idea of his plans, he befriended the tribes and promised them prosperity, friendship, and the possibility of becoming civilized children of God. In other words, he, the symbol of reassurance in America, stabbed the backs of all natives. Beyond the question of Jackson 's morality, what was the ultimate reason behind the removal?
Forced Move of The Cherokee Nation The forced move of the Cherokee nation was not a correct action taken by the government at that point of history. It was unfair for the Cherokees, most strongly disagree with the treaty, it violated the Cherokee’s rights, and caused many to die. it also failed to follow the constitution It was very unfair for the Cherokees to be removed from their homeland, where their ancestors have lived and made it their home. The Cherokees representatives that agreed to the treaty was only a few, and was elected by the Georgia government, who chose them because they support the removal. “...Sir, that paper...Cold a treaty is not ready at all because it was not sanctioned by the great body of the Cherokee and made without their participation or assent.” Major Wm.
The reelection of President Andrew Jackson left the opponents of removal uneasy and they began to reevaluate their positions. Organized by Major Ridge along with his son John Ridge, his nephews Elias Boudinot and Stand Watie, they became known as the “Ridge Party”, or as the “Treaty Party”. This party believed that the Cherokee had a better chance of literal and cultural survival if they, “…get favorable terms from the U.S. government, before white squatters, state governments, and violence made matters worse,” (Wilkins, 1986). However, the majority of the people were still loyal to John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Nation, and what would be known as the “National Party” fighting to remain an independent nation. Ross fiercely opposed the idea of relocation and sought to find peaceful avenues of disagreement.
“Deeply attached to their homeland and terrified by the difficulties earlier immigrants had encountered, many Cherokees made no preparation to leave (123).” They already had ceded most of their land yet they were still forced out of the last thing they had left, their home. Many have died and weren’t allow access to their traditional medicine because Americans denied their traditional practices, wanting them to be more “civilized”. Being held against their will, the US made their living situations unsurvivable and continued on doing so after they have reconstructed their society in the west. “Having taken the Cherokees’ land and forced them to march across a third of the continent, the United States now further threatened the Cherokees’ sovereignty and existence as a people (143).” As if taking their lives, nations, and spirits wasn’t enough, the government continued the unjust treatment on Indians after relocating. From the beginning to end, the government never kept their promises.
The Civil War took action because the nation was unable to agree in certain things such as issues over slavery, whether state or federal power was to remain powerful, and the election of a President that not everyone was happy with. These separations of two different positions due to dissimilar points of view caused the nation to disperse and war eventually followed within themselves; both sides with the purpose to preserve their
Lincoln’s official reason for the Civil War was to preserve the Union, why wasn’t the reason for the war to put an end to slavery? Lincoln’s official reason for the Civil War was to preserve the Union at all costs, and not to put an end to slavery. An antislavery declaration would have driven the Border States into the arms of the South. An antislavery war was also extremely unpopular in the region of southern Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. That area had been settled largely by Southerners who had carried their racial prejudices with them when they crossed the Ohio River.
The Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal Act was signed as a law by President Andrew Jackson in 1830. This law was to remove and settle the Native Americans from East of the Mississippi River to the West, known as Indian Territory. This law also prohibited white people to settle in the nation. Thousands of Indians made attempts which were not violent. Many Indians refused to leave from their lands because they worked for them really hard to just be removed like that.
Soon after Andrew Jackson, achieved his political goals of expanding into the west. In his First Annual Message to Congress on 1829, Andrew Jackson agreed that “It has long been the policy of Government to introduce among them the arts of civilization” (Document O). He also hinted the forced removal of Indians by saying that the US government “at the same time lost no opportunity to purchase their lands and thrust them farther into the wilderness” (Document O). By the end of the Message, he showed his determination of expansion by forcing the Indians to move west of the Mississippi river, and into the
In 1830 newly elected President Jackson instituted the Indian Removal Act which gave the United States government the ability to negotiate with the Native American tribes of the south and relocate them to lands west of the Mississippi. When implementing the Indian Removal Act Jackson attempted to justify it by saying that he was trying to protect the Native American Tribes from becoming extinct as their brother in the Northern states had become . Jackson would develop a Native American reservation in present day Oklahoma where all Native Americans living east of the Mississippi River would move to with the passing of the Indian Removal Act. The lands that the Native Americans had been living on were continually being claimed by Americans looking to expand their own land in the farming focused southern states. The expansion of slavery and the growth of the southern cotton industry made the Native American lands more and more appealing to Americans that were living around these tribal lands .