Another controversy of Andrew Jackson’s presidency sparked when Jackson became extremely strict with South Carolina. Though Jackson was known for strongly supporting states’ rights, however, Jackson confronted South Carolina when they decided not to allow federal tariffs. In 1832, South Carolina declared the federal tariffs passed in 1828 and 1832 null and void and prohibiting the federal tariffs in South Carolina. While urging Congress to lower the high tariffs, Jackson wanted a strong Union with the same laws, and he obtained authority to order federal armed forces to South Carolina to enforce federal laws. South Carolina backed down to Jackson, and allowed the high federal tariffs down.
In “Jackson Battles the Bank”, Jackson shows that he promotes equal rights because of his destruction of the national bank. The national bank only supported the wealthy, and Jackson believed that we should have banks that also support the farmers and workers. In destroying the national bank, he created state banks that supported the people's’ needs. In “The Nullification Crisis”, Jackson shows that he gave peace and stability to the nation to form a strong democracy. This is because he did not approve of nullification, and wanted to keep the country together as a whole instead of divided states.
“Jackson argued that the United States policy of attempting to assimilate the tribes into white society had failed and the Native Americans’ way of life would eventually be destroyed.” (thehermitage.com) Thousands of Native Americans died due to his decisions; he seemed to show his total disregard for their culture and rights. This displays his autocratic tendencies, but his crisis involving South Carolina does as well. When the Tariff of 1832 began to harm South Carolina but aid the North, our state threatened to leave the union in order to protect our economy. However, Jackson was going to use force to make us follow his laws; he wasn 't willing to bend at all. That is when Calhoun, his former vice president at the time, began questioning him but instead of aiding South Carolina, he argued that it was for the good of the union.
However, the US was the last place to have whole faith in gold. At this point things got worse. British capitalists, tied closely to the cotton economy of the south, and pulled from the north because spice was not very important. The government then issued fiat money and they made the creditors accept it. The people disagreed and they gave it a nick name, “not even worth a continental”.
Jackson, born in Tennessee, is a good example of rags to riches. He and the Jacksonians strongly opposed the Bank of the United States. Jackson feels that the National Bank “enjoys an exclusive privilege of banking….almost a monopoly of the foreign and domestic exchange” (B). In their eyes, the Bank had too much power as an economic institution, and only served the wealthy Americans. By discontinuing the National Bank and transferring its money to the state banks, Jacksonian Democrats promoted equality of economic opportunities and combatted against economic monopoly.
The Georgia state laws made it so that Cherokees could not defend their land claims, and report the white men trespassing their land. It stated that the Cherokees had no right to sue or testify whites in court. This law, passed in 1828, took away many of the Cherokee’s rights. Due to the crazy, lawless gold frenzy, Chief John Ross, asked President Jackson to at least cover the money of the gold digger’s intrusions. The Cherokee focus on the discovery of gold, however, seemed to only enhance the Georgia legislature to argue that the Cherokee tribe was depriving the state unfairly, of their wealth.
The British had just beaten France in the French and Indian war, but there economy was hurt by the war and they believed that the colonies were meant to support the mainland. So the British imposed taxes on the colonies to improve their struggling economy from the war. The colonies believed that they should govern themselves and should not give their money to a nation that is across the ocean, especially since the colonies were not represented in parliament. The stamp act was the final straw for the colonies. The colonials rebelled and decided not to pay for the stamps.
This was because of the colonists’ past experience with Britain’s king and him having too much power over the people. The Articles had filled a lot of holes in the government system but left many unresolved problems and because of this, the Articles are considered to be a failed government system. After the revolution, America owed millions of borrowed money to other countries. The government had no right to tax the states for money and thus could not come up with the owed money. The Articles of Confederation failed to solve the country 's problem of debt
Without slavery the South’s economy wouldn’t survive, and the North wanted to end it because they felt that all men were created equal and having slavery wasn’t fulfilling that idea. They eventually created a compromise (the popular sovereignty), which allowed the people of the state to determine if their state would be a slave state. Basically giving the people the power, as a democracy would, to choose if they wanted to have their state with slavery being acceptable or not acceptable. This was caused by Manifest Destiny. In conclusion Manifest Destiny did indeed have an affect on the tension rising between both the slave and free states.
The South was prosperous as they had been purchasing cheap priced goods that were exported that they did not produce but the tariff caused the South to pay double since they now had to pay higher prices on those products and their cotton they sold to Britain had to be priced higher making it harder to sell. The Southern states did not feel this lessened tariff was going to be effective enough and was a failure, mainly in South Carolina, who responded by declaring the right to nullification of the tax. Vice President Calhoun, who Jackson felt a personal dislike for, supported South Carolina’s nullification and Jackson responded with his Old Hickory attitude and threatened that he would use the United States Army to take action against South Carolina. This settled down for a while with the Compromise Tariff if 1833 turning out to be satisfactory by the South and South