The author portrays failure through a critique of the American idiosyncrasy through social configuration, behavior, and hypocrisy. Tom Buchanan personifies a neurotic alteration of behavior that raises significance to the consolidation of a failed white aristocracy. The author depicts the aforementioned disorder in the phrase, “The valley of ashes is bounded on one side by a small foul river, (...) and it was because of this that I first met Tom Buchanan’s mistress.” (p.24). According to Christian Nordqvist (2016), “Neuroticism is a long-term tendency to be in a negative emotional state.” A psychoanalysis causes the understanding of conducts that relate to the disorder, such as the possession of a mistress as a sign of paranoia, unconformity, insecurity, and the inference of a status of constant surveillance of external agencies. The character is therefore associated to negative concepts such as that of poverty through the reference to the “valley of ashes” and the implicit prejudice of the narrator´s perspective.
Throughout our history our society struggles with inequality. Sexism and racism still addresses like class, gender or other dominating classifications a structural problem in our United States culture. In Jean Baker Miller’s essay “Domination and Subordination” she discusses the temporary and permanent inequality. Miller states that the temporary inequality is a relationship between a dominated individual who explains and is a teacher to the subordinated individual. In contrast her explanation of the permanent inequality is the relationship of different individuals who always will be unequal.
A French Philosopher, Jean-Paul Sartre concluded that the highest moral value of man is freedom which says that all values are exposed through our choices and after the actions that we made and in order to focus we have to do a sense of responsibility that says, “No one has no excuses in the world, because one always face a free choice”. However, it does not necessarily mean that it is easy to make choices and responsibility because Sartre says that the recognition of responsibility creates a feeling of nausea. In other words, we are abandoned in a world and we need to take credit for the success and failure of people. He primarily suggests that freedom is factual and determinism is a lie and just an excuse
In the novels, The Time Machine by H.G. Wells and Dune by Frank Herbert, there are underlying tones of classism, parochial thinking, and ignorance which lead to the common themes of racism and division within societies, which directly draws parallels to modern American behaviors. Authors Wells and Herbert emphasize the negative human conditions through their characters within their society, stressing the notion that the current common human behavior will ultimately lead to a bigger divide amongst races and will further create a dystopian lifestyle where humanity and environment will cease to
Overall, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, criticizes the moral conditioning of society. Twain utilizes situational irony, mockery, and absurdity to satirize racism through Huck’s journey. Twain’s use of stereotypes uncovers racial hypocrisy by criticizing the way society has taught young kids to think about black people. Twain uses irony to mock the way the government treats slaves and African
Through his story, Douglass proves that slavery has negative effects on slaveholders. He uses imagery, flashbacks, and characterization to persuade the reader of the true nature of slavery. His deep thoughts and insights of slavery and the unbalanced power between a slaveholder and his slave are unprompted for a social establishment. Douglass insists that slaveholding fills the soul with sadness and bitter anguish. In addressing effects of slavery on masters cause one man to rethink his moral character and better understand the laws of humanity.
Morrison and Atwood both examine how unjust societies and imbalances of societal power lead to a disorientation of gender roles and identity, ultimately discussing the way in which those societies are able to reinforce their oppressive values down through the
Thus, Kant considers free will as the main source of morality. Additionally, Kant insists on universal duties that human beings should follow. So this is called Categorical Imperative which is based on such principle as never treat anyone merely as a means to an end. Rather, treat everyone as an end in
Zinn uses this to effectively portray the mistreatment, and separation of the classes. Throughout this chapter, Zinn uses historical argumentation as he argues how each circumstance led to more racism, and separation of the classes. This consequently raises doubts about the past, as it questions how the upper and lower classes
Kant offers that his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals “is nothing more than the identification and corroboration of the supreme principle of morality” (4:392). He maintains that people must use “practical philosophy”, or careful reasoning, in order to delineate the precise principle of human morality, which Kant later identifies and formulates as the categorical imperative. To understand this supreme principle of morality, Kant asserts the truth in two things: there exists morality, which regulates human behaviors and signifies good actions, and that this morality can be only understood through reason. Assuming that these are both true, it is not entirely clear what the ontological relationship is between human rationality and morality—whether