The Angelification in the Gospel of Matthew 1. Introduction In his well known The Resurrection of the Son of God, N. T. Wright, following the thesis of Oscar Cullmann, suggests that early Christians did not believe in any form of angelic afterlife. As a response to their view, this essay seeks to argue that some early Christians, especially the author of the Gospel of Matthew, probably believed in angelification in line with Late Second Temple Judaism. I will first investigate the notion of angelification in the light of Second Temple Jewish writings. Then I will explore how this notion relates to the Gospel of Matthew.
Thus, he understood that his sins were being perceived. Augustine started out the seventh book by showing how he evolved from his previous shameful sins. “I did not think of you, my God, in the shape of a human body, for I had rejected this idea ever since I had first begun to study philosophy, and I was glad to find that our spiritual mother, your Catholic Church, also rejected such beliefs.” (Book VII, Section 1, Page 133) This shows that Augustine is beginning to think more about God and how his sins have been watched throughout his whole life. He is beginning to realize that he has to change his ways in order to reach absolution. In the ninth book, Augustine shows how he was able to finally connect with God through his books and teachings.
Another characteristic of the angelic creatures that differs from the human kind is the neutrality of the gender, what can also be deduced from Raphael’s answer to Adam. In other words, the unfallen angels in Paradise Lost are considered to have no defined gender or in other view - sharing only one. For human mind this characteristic, as well as every other trait of the angelic creatures, is very difficult to understand because of our need to see or at least feel the evidence. However, John Milton managed to include the neutrality of gender as an angelic trait in his epic poem. It is apparent from Raphael’s response that their physical nature varies from human appearance.
As a result of straying from the church, Edwards tells the Puritans they belong in Hell. Edward’s uses the Puritans fear of Hell along with rhetorical devices to get the audience to rejoin the church. Hell becomes more realistic through the words of Edwards. He tells the Puritans, “Hell is gaping for them”, meaning Satan wants to be united with the sinners. Edwards elaborates on his claim and states if God were to spare the audience now, they would “immediately sink and plunge into a bottomless gulf” of Hell.
He can be grieved (Ephesians 4:30), quenched (I Thessalonians 5:19), He speaks (Acts 8:29), and He intercedes for the Saints according to the will of God (Romans 8:26). It would be unthinkable to equate all of these attributes to anyone or anything other than God. The only honest conclusion then is that the Holy Spirit is a person and is truly God. SOME OTHER REFLECTIONS The doctrine of Trinity is the foundation of Christianity. One cannot comprehend God’s creation, salvation, the call to community, prayer, and many other expressions of the Christian faith without it.
As a Christian an angel is represented as a supernatural being from heaven, someone close to God. Angels are often visualized as beautiful winged people. As for the wings, it represents freedom and generally white which means pure in Christian tradition. In the short story “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings” by Gabriel Garcia Marquez; Marquez did not follow this cultural belief. The story revolves around an old sickly angel who was founded by Pelayo in the courtyard.
He argued that sin has been passed down from the start when Adam and Eve first ate from the tree of knowledge. Pelagius’ idea was that humans could receive salvation when they earned it and chose to just stop sinning. Augustine thought differently in the fact that all physical things are evil, and that all spiritual things are good. He disagreed by stating that immorality is a matter of will and that it resulted from Adam and Eve
However the people it was announced to and the time were different. In Matthew’s Gospel the angle was unnamed and “appeared to Joseph in a dream” (Mt 1:20). Matthew never said Mary’s side of how the Holy Spirit was working within her. Luke’s Gospel differs because the angle has a name, Gabriel. It also differs because Luke told Mary’s encounter with the Holy Spirit but did not include Joseph’s.
Write an essay outlining your understanding of two of the following New Testament images of Jesus. Jesus as a Rabbi/Teacher and Jesus as a Healer. The New Testament can be viewed as God at work in Christ. It is through the New Testament we can examine the images of Jesus as a Rabbi and a Healer. Generally people view the New Testament as more modern and realistic than the Old Testament which allows us to see a clearer image of Jesus.
However, they are most likely representative of the Church who would have already been raptured at this point. Some suggest they are angelic beings, but this is very unlikely as angels had never been portrayed in scriptures as sitting on thrones or having crowns on their heads. These descriptions only fits redeemed saints who Jesus promised they will reign with Him (Matt 19:28; Luke 22:30). In addition, the Greek word translated here as “elders” is never used to refer to angels, only to men, particularly to men of a certain age who are mature and able to rule the Church. The word elder would be inappropriate to refer to angels, who do not age.