It shatters more careful virtues into debris, offering simply the vulnerability of its own candour. Her iconoclasm has led to her work being misread as sensationalist, just as it has lent itself to the cause of feminism. (253-4) This paper attempts to explore three poems—“An Introduction”, “The Old Playhouse” and “Luminol”— from the perspective of a woman’s search for selfhood in the face of patriarchal dominance and
Black humor frequently uses farce and low comedy to suggest that individuals are helpless victims of destiny and individual. It is a form of writing which contrasts the darkish and terrible factors with comical ones that point to the uselessness and futility of existence. The massive question remains that why did black humor as a characteristic of writing in literature changed into getting used, moreover what was it pointing at. This answer may be understood if I throw light at the movement in literature within the 20th century which is known as post-modernism. post-modernism emerged as motion in literature and also other artwork paperwork as a response to the give up of the sector world II.
Byron created works of art which respected and opposed accustomed conventions at the same time. Among the many issues that Don Juan addresses genre subversion seems to be the most obvious one raised by the poem. He parodies or attacks the conventions of epic poetry. Byron began Don Juan as “a literary manifesto to his age,” and he “vigorously attacks the literary pretensions” of his fellow Romantic poets, or as Jerome J. McGann terms them, the poets of “the Lakist School” (57). Byron identified Pope as one of his chief influences hence, he felt that his Romantic contemporaries who attacked Pope “showed their neglect of the rules of propriety in verse, a neglect which carried over to the debasement of political and ethical ideas.
Anger in literature is characterized by social class conflict and witnessed many of the revolutionary movements against society. It also characterized by the struggle against the establishment, values, conventions and authority. Moreover, it focused on the man who is trapped in an antagonistic universe without any chance of happiness and hope for the future. Anger in literature focused on many themes such as: the theme of social critic against middle-class values, theme of violence, damage, rage, hatred and frustration. The protagonists were mostly of the working-class or of lower middle-class origin; who view society with contempt and ironic humor and may have conflict with authority.
In the aftermath of the horrifying first world war events, people felt disillusioned and betrayed by authority figures. Consequently, they began to question universal truths, institutions , and the future of humanity. People sought explanations for what had happened and what is happening to their society .This acted as a catalyst for the emergence of modernism . Modernism is a notable literary movement which spoke of the inner self and consciousness. Indeed , modernist works attempted to rebel against the corrupted modern world, shake the sensibilities of the reader, and depart from traditional literary styles.
What we find in reading him, however, is that violence is far more than a backdrop or a socio-political context for an essentially individual drama. The nature of violence seems to go right to the heart of his work, rupturing the divisions between personal and social experience, aesthetic and non-aesthetic language. In what follows, I wish to suggest that for Fiacc – as, indeed, for others – there is something disturbingly yet irreducibly violent about the work of poetry itself. RUINED PAGES In an autobiographical sketch of his childhood in New York’s Hell’s Kitchen,
The characteristics of the anger movement appeared in the 20th century modern drama. It is characterized by social class conflict and witnessed many of the revolutionary movements against society. The theme of the plays in this movement concerned with social critic against middle-class values, and they shared a disrespect and contempt for the class system and the post welfare state. The theme of struggle against the establishment, values, conventions and authority prevailed in modern drama. There are also many themes which dominated modern plays such as: violence, frustration, damage, loneliness and revenge.
It is no wonder that artists who attack society often exclude themselves from it; they are trying to limit how they become influenced. These are extreme examples but we can also find ourselves questioning the way society functions. If so, remember how pointing through the window also means pointing at a faint reflection of yourself, a reflection which was nurtured by society, a reflection which may defend the very ideas you are trying to
They believed that if the literature standards are ignored, it will result in cultural degeneration. He wrote An Essay of Criticism and The Dunciad to elucidate on his viewpoint of literary standards. The Dunciad, the long and elaborated mock-heroic poem of Alexander Pope was first published in 1728. The poem is filled with dark brilliance which at first served as a weapon for the personal war Pope had against stupidity and dullness. According to Pope, “Dulness” presides over the literary creations of the hack writers and is promoted by patrons who cannot appreciate art and publishers who prioritize profitability.
(58) Bombay here is a symbol of the modern Indian chaos resulting from contact with the west and of ‘ Man 's estrangement from a man made world’. Gieve Patel, who has published two volumes of poetry, Poems and How do you Withstand Body, stands with the younger generation of poets who can be held to have a modern sensibility. He is, although occasionally, insightful of the complex human condition and understands human failings, hypocrisies and wickedness which today 's modern society is filled with. In “Public Works” he expresses, Polished Chrome crashing down in rust heaps; And fire places all over the city Choking in witness; electric grills Losing their electric glow, kerosene stoves Expiring with a hiss, the ashes of coal fires pasty and dark Turning inward to quench the Coals. (13) Patel 's excellent poems derive much of their strength from the way he is strongly aware of local conditions of life without getting himself involved in the process.