Anglo-China Trade Case Study

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Introduction The East Indian Company was established by the British and then monopolized the trades towards Chinese. As the trades could not fulfil the ambition of the British, they requested for more benefits. However, the Qing court rejected and the relationship between the two countries came to a rapid deterioration. Unfortunately, after the out broke of the war, China became weaker than before. The following will discuss the difference between Anglo-China treat business and opium and the reason of the out broke of the First Opium War. Main body The Qing dynasty forbidden sea trade until the emperor Kangxi unified China from the Ming dynasty in 1684. He then set up eleven ports for trading, including in Guangzhou, Macau, Ningbo, Xiamen, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Chongqing, Nantai, Xiangshanxian, Dinghaixian, Huatingxian in 1685. However, China did not consider the action as equal trade. Instead, China consider it as a mark of favour towards the foreign traders as China is the Celestial Empire. This attitude towards overseas trading maintained until the out broke of the war. The trades between the two countries were peaceful in 1684-1757. in 1687, East India Company ships “London” and “Worcester” paid the measurement dues when they…show more content…
Therefore, the British government sent diplomats to China for reducing the differences and improve the relationship.The British government experienced three failures in the diplomatic negotiation of requesting the trading opportunities, including Earl of Macartney, Lord Amherst, and W. J. Lord Napier. All of them were rejected due to the indecent manners performed. After the three failures, the British government realised that was not only about business, also diplomatic equality. At that time, the dissatisfaction was already in an extreme level. When Charles Eillot sent as a “new chief superintendent of British trade in China” , the war was already about to
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