Animal Characters And Power In George Orwell's Animal Farm

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“Soviet communism paid a heavy price for what it did to Orwell in Spain. Out of that came Animal Farm. An attack on the myth of the nobility of Soviet Communism” states Russell Baker, author of the preface to George Orwell’s Animal Farm (Orwell vi). In this statement, Baker is referring to Orwell’s experiences in while he fought in the Spanish Civil War. Even though Spain was far away from Russia, it didn’t escape Stalin’s influence. Because of Communist influence in Spain, many of Orwell’s friends were “shot, and others spent a long time in prison or simply disappeared” (vi). Inspired by his experiences in Spain, he wrote Animal Farm, an allegory for the Russian Revolution. In this novel, he used animal characters and events on a fictional farm to represent key…show more content…
One of his most notable appearances occurs in chapter five, which details the animosity between Napoleon and Snowball, who is the representation of Leon Trotsky. The events in this chapter parallel the Stalin-Trotsky conflict. In real life, Stalin and Trotsky were bitter enemies due to their differing objectives, just like Napoleon and Snowball. After having Snowball chased out of the farm, Napoleon starts to “consolidate power for himself,” which is what Stalin did after exiling Trotsky (The Allegory in Animal Farm). Another one of Napoleon’s notable appearances in Animal Farm is in chapter seven. During this chapter, many animals falsely confess to being “Snowball’s secret agents” and to other various crimes. Napoleon has his dogs execute them (Animal Farm). This situation mirrors Stalin’s Great Purge. Between 1936 and 1938, Stalin worked to “eliminate every last trace of opposition” (The Allegory in Animal Farm). Anyone Stalin considered a political enemy was forced to come forward with false confessions. These people were either executed to sent to Gulag labor camps. (The Allegory in Animal
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