Animal Domestication Animal

1998 Words8 Pages
Introduction The origin and evolution of the domestic dog is a rather ambiguous one that is highly debated amongst evolutionary anthropologists. Many question the extent to which domestication has influenced the evolution of the domestic dog due to the ever growing information palaeontologists are discovering. My intent is to examine the theories proposed by palaeontologists and evolutionary anthropologists to see to what extent domestication has influenced the evolution of dogs, taking into account our current technologies and data. Domestication For thousands of years humans have managed to control the evolutionary processes of various species to suit the needs of humanity. This process is known as domestication. Long before we learned to domesticate animals we simply used them as sources of food. In order to successfully domesticate a species the domesticator must ensure that the creatures with desirable traits breed repetitively to the extent where it resembles the process of natural selection and alters the future of the species. Domestication differs from taming. The taming of an animal is simply getting one single animal adapted to human life, whereas domestication is when a large population of a species is consistently bred to encourage the desirable traits for an extended period of time. This goes to the point where the genetics and behaviour of the species is altered. An example of this is a population of silver foxes in Siberia that have been domesticated and are
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