Animal testing, or animal research, is the use of animals in scientific tests to determine the safety of substances for humans. It is estimated that about 100,000- 200,000 animals are mutilated and/ or slaughtered for cosmetic, drug, food, and chemical testing. “Over 100 million animals are burned, crippled, poisoned, and abused in US labs every year.” Although this fact is dispiriting when you really think about it, there is a plethora of animal testing benefits. For instance, without animal research testing, the modern medicine that we have today would not exist. Animal testing has allowed scientist to find treatments such as: antibiotics, vaccines, insulin, HIV, & cancer drugs, which has saved millions of lives across the world.
In the United States of America, 16 billion dollars had been used on animal experimentation- 1.9 million dollars are used on the experimenting on heart diseases on dogs conducted by Ohio State University, 5 million dollars were used on obesity experiments conducted by Oregon National Primate Research Centre, while 16 million dollars were used by Harvard University to fund 1200 individual experiments on drug addiction by using monkeys as test subjects. Although animals were sacrificed in the experiments, most experiments did not reach its goal due to flaws causing a waste of life (Grant, 2013; Peta, 2014). In order to improve animal welfare, licenses should be granted to the researchers in order to use animals in the experiments. To have a license, laboratories will be assessed on different criteria such as hygiene, experimental methods, professionalism etc. Only then, researchers are allowed to request for funds.
First of all, the conduction of animal experimentation can be easily rejected because of the immorality and cruelty that comes with it. Every year at least 115 million animals die in laboratories due to animal testing (Taylor K., 2008) and the numbers are steadily increasing. The shocking statistic proves that it has come to a point where we should ask ourselves, is it really worth it? Animals, like humans, are living organisms that are sentient and are capable of suffering. Conducting these experiments only make animals seem like tools used for the progress of humanity, stripping away the factor that they possess the same right to life we abuse every day.
There have been numerous recorded examples of drugs that have worked on animals, but then proceeded to not work on humans. Animal testing is misleading, “94% of drugs that pass animal tests fail in human clinical trials” (Nine). Not only does this prove that animal testing is ultimately ineffective, but it also shows how the deceiving results could potentially cause harm to humans. For example, in the 1950s a sleeping pill called thalidomide was commercially released as it was proved to be effective on animals. However, the pill went on to cause more than 10,000 babies to be born with birth defects (Science).
Is Animal Testing Worth It? Every single year, over 100 million animals are mutilated, burned, poisoned, and killed for the sake of cosmetic and drug testing in the United Stated alone (11 Facts about…). A majority of these animals end up looking motley with blood and dye, emaciated, or dead. A lot of cosmetic companies furtively claim to be cruelty free, but they belong to ‘parent companies’ that authorize and perform animal testing. A majority of these experiments on animals are flawed or not carried out properly.
Over 100 million animals are used as test subjects in the world, with approximately 26 million of them in the United States. Sadly, a majority of the time the products that are being tested on animals are not even effective once human trials begin. Consumers might object that if the products were tested to be safe on animals then they would be safe for humans. Yet, 92% of the times the products actually work in animal trials they are later deemed too dangerous or uneffective for people. Which means that most of the animals used in scientific testing are being abused for no apparent reason.
For decades humans have tested on helpless animals with cosmetics, medicines and other medical supplies such as bandages, cleaning products, candy, and even office supplies. Animal experimentation is a cruel and inhumane act upon creatures who are believed to be fearless and painless. But, on the contrary, others believe that animal testing has become a groundbreaking way of research for numerous diseases. Although many have mixed feelings about animal testing, it is something that we must address and take seriously, realizing that it is a horrible act upon innocent animals. According to the Humane Society International, animals are commonly subjected to force-feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation, and many other pain-inducing and life-threatening situations during such experiments.
More than eight hundred and twenty thousand animals were tested in 2016, according to a news article entitled animal experimentation, and many products, like popular makeup brands, use animals in an inhumane and unacceptable. As demand for products and medical cures increase, animal cruelty and testing has skyrocketed as well. Most people think that household items come from a factory where everything is created without animal participation. Unfortunately, many animals are used in many household items are from animal involvement, including everyday things such as soap. Rather often than not, people use many things tested by animals on a daily basis that you may not know about.
Every year, millions of animals were suffering or killed due to scientific research. Some animal rights groups suggest that we should ban animal experiments because use animals for experimentation is cruel and animals should have the same right of living as human beings. A report from U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that more than 100 million animals are killed in U.S. laboratories for biology lessons, medical experimentation, and chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics testing. There are some other people believe that the death of animals will help and save millions of human lives. Personally I believe that the experimentation on animals for scientific and medical should not be stopped.
Animal testing is a controversial topic in recent years as more and more people concern about animal rights. Animal testing should be banned as empathy is a criteria everyone should have and it is not the most reliable method anymore. This report will focus on three aspects including cruelty towards animals, the reliability and the difference between animals and human, to act as the proof of why animal testing should be banned.