In Animal Farm, a boar named Old Major expresses his desire for no animals to live under human beings. He passes away and three pigs named Snowball, Squealer, and Napoleon decide to carry on his legacy by enforcing the ideas of “animalism.” At first, the farm performs well, but as time passes, the animals find themselves becoming closer to human beings and the difference between the pigs and humans is negligible. Author Marie Macnee calls the novel a deceptively simple animal fable about a barnyard revolt that satirizes the consequences of the Russian Revolution while suggesting why most revolutionary ideals fail (2017). The book was seen as a metaphor or symbol to what was occuring in the Soviet Union at the time. It was published in 1945, therefore the same political issues occuring in the Soviet Union were addressed by Orwell.
In the book called Animal Farm, the author’s intentions are to explain government, laws/ rules, and politics through fictional animals. The pigs changed the rules to what they wanted, also persuading the animals it’s fine to do things that were not allowed; they were going to make a utopian government, and it actually turned out to be a communist government, with the pigs using the dogs as military to control the farm and the animals on the farm. To keep things in order they created the seven commandments.They were: “Whatever goes upon two legs in an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. No animal shall wear clothes.
While he does not play a major role in the fairy tale, he does play an important role in controlling the rebellious actions that they animals may have under the control of Napoleon. His ideas are used to make the animals believe that all their work will not be for nothing and that even after they die they will be rewarded with the paradise that is Sugarcandy Mountain. The pigs write his ideas off and persuade the animals of the farm not to listen to him. Although, later in the story, once Napoleon is in power, the pigs seem to change their attitude towards Moses’ ideas. After Moses returns to the farm, the author states, “they all declared contemptuously that his stories about Sugarcandy Mountain were lies, and yet they allowed him to remain on the farm, not working, with an allowance of a gill of beer a day” (Orwell 118).
Following Napoleon exiling Snowball from the farm, Squealer convinces the animals, “On the contrary, it was he who had advocated it in the beginning, and the plan which Snowball had drawn on the floor of the incubator shed had actually been stolen from among Napoleon 's papers. The windmill was, in fact, Napoleon 's own creation” (Orwell 57). Propaganda is biased information used to convince
1. How is Orwell’s Animal Farm an allegory? This story is definitely an allegory written by George Orwell where the book reflects actions leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917. Further into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union And animalism is really communism. Orwell uses “dramatic irony” to allow you come with your conclusion and thoughts about the Russian Revolution and the threat of power.
The corruption and dictation of the government was what inspired George Orwell to write Animal Farm. In both events, propaganda is widely used in various ways and was effective. Despite the differences between the propaganda used in World War II and Animal Farm, both of them aims for the same goal - to rule as a dictator. People uses fear to make people follow what they say since they don’t want to get hurt. As what has happened in Animal Farm, Napoleon declared “Snowball’s expulsion” (Orwell 54) without the Comrades’ approval since they made noises of disapproval.
Squealer, the propaganda agent uses propaganda in the story as a way to manipulate the animals who are not pigs. He makes them believe everything he and the pigs are doing is for the greater good of the whole farm despite the fact that it is not. Squealer controls them in many ways but the strongest or most apparent are telling the other animals Mr. Jones their neglective abusive owner will come back, lying about Boxer the horse’s death, and finally changing the unalterable commandments into one that reads “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others”. One of the very first and most used techniques Squealer uses is instilling fear in the animals. He does this by threatening Jones’s return.
Napoleon has also released many chants to help rally the animals on the farm. The satire present here is that the altering of the ten commandments effectively portray how the absurd the concept is. There is no way that animals could become, “more equal” than others. In the beginning of the novel, Old Major expressed that the animals shall overcome their oppressors, but the pigs become the oppressors. Through their chants and the ten commandments, the citizens are brainwashed to believe that everything is just and fair because when the commandments and chants were first written or said, everyone was in agreement, and believed it was fair.
These rules were called the Seven Commandments. They were placed on the wall to set principles and policies for all animals during the rebellion. Before the rules were changed, and when Snowball, another leader was still on the farm, the animals were in a state of equality. However, ever since Napoleon had his 9 protective dogs chase Snowball off the farm, the animals have been in a state of inequality. Napoleon had Squealer, one of his followers that was a pig, to change the Seven Commandments for him.
We often find that it is simpler to stay hidden in the dark, rather than step out into the light. As citizens it is our responsibility to call out our leaders if they are not taking notice of what we, the people, want or need. The animals, in Animal Farm, overthrew their farmer and attempted to form a fair government, but soon became dictated to, by the pigs. The book records the evolution of tyranny to totalitarianism which became as terrible as their first situation. In Animal Farm, George Orwell illustrates that it is the responsibility of the citizens to stand up against injustice and inequality.