The Russian Revolution of 1917 allowed for the transformation of the Russian government, bringing about a radical political group called the Soviet Union, which spread the political ideal of communism worldwide, changed country boundaries and generated new ways of thinking. The Russian coup d'état of 1917 was caused by various circumstances, with the event in itself labeled as a “major political upheaval” (). The people of Russia were unsatisfied with the oppressive autocratic rule of Nicholas II and the loss of a vast amount of men and resources
Napoleon is Stalin Living under suppressing conditions, feeling humiliated, feeling deprived of your basic rights, being forced to face reality, torture, suffering from discrimination, unfair government, or being too controlled forces people to explode, to object and rebel. Taking a look back at any county’s history, we will find that revolutions were a turning point in people’s lives. Revolution is where people are asking for a fundamental change. The word itself refers to the transformative change. In a historical matter, it refers to an unpredicted movement or an organizational structure, often violent, to either replace a constitution or modify it.
During his reign, the Russian people experienced terrible poverty and upheaval, marked by the Bloody Sunday massacre in 1905 when unarmed protesters demanding social reforms were shot down by the army near Nicholas ' palace. As the animals under Jones lead lives of hunger and want, the lives of millions of Russians worsened during Nicholas ' reign. When Russia entered World War I and subsequently lost more men than any country in any previous war, the outraged and desperate people began a series of strikes and mutinies that signaled the end of Tsarist control. When his own generals withdrew their support of him, Nicholas abdicated his throne in the hopes of avoiding an all-out civil war — but the civil war arrived in the form of the Bolshevik Revolution, when Nicholas, like Jones, was removed from his place of rule and then died shortly thereafter. Old Major
In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed and article 231 of the treaty blamed the whole of the First World War on Germany. Many people in Germany were unhappy. Some hoped that there would be a communist revolution like there was in Russia and others were unhappy that Germany had surrendered. These men became known as the November Criminals. People showed their unhappiness with multiple revolts.
The false promises (made by dictators) gave weakened countries hope that one day, they will be powerful again. The economic problems--after World War I--left the European countries extremely weak. Italy, for example, had industrial and agricultural workers staged strikes. The middle class started to support Mussolini’s fascist movement, in fear of the strikes from the lower class. Moreover, the middle-class did not like socialism and communism, making Fascism very compelling.
During this period the Russian government was fraught with corruption, and the economy was regressive. However, despite the tempestuous climate of Russia due to Czar Nicholas II rule, the most immediate cause of the revolution can be traced to Russia’s ruinous involvement in World War I
There were also many anti-democratic elements which included the Spartacist revolt and the Kapp Putsch. One of the left-winged groups was a Communist group called the Spartacists. They were lead by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (Walsh, 140). They argued strongly against Eberts democratic government and believed that Germany should be ruled by worker’s councils or soviets. In early 1919 they launched a bid for power, joined with rebel soldiers and sailors, they set up Soviets in several towns.
Old Major is a combination of Karl Marx and Lenin, as the one that planted the seeds of the rebellion. Then we have Napoleon, that is an metaphor for Joseph Stalin. But not all animals in the farm were in accord with Napoleons choices, Snowball , that is based on Leon Trotsky, exists in the novel, and as with his human counterpart, he attempts to fight the growing influence of Napoleon. On the Human side we have Mr Jones that represents the figure of Russian Tsar Nicholas the Second, who was removed from power and killed with the rest of his family, Mr Frederick who is an allegory for Adolf Hitler, given that he enters a temporary truce with the animals only to betray them shortly
The year of 1894 lead to multiple revolutions of unionization, but specifically through the perspective of white railroad immigrants due to the bigoted attitudes retrospectively set by organizations (referring back, the Knights of Labor and the International Workingmen’s Association) who were anti-Chinese and Japanese. As White mentions, there was the formation of Coexyism where native-born whites joined together with European immigrants to protest President Clevland’s administration and the railroad industry (White). For their purpose, the Coexyites were determined to protest federally problems such as unemployment, poor conditions, corruption, and minimal pay. If that goal failed, they would resort to destructive actions such as hijacking trains to get their point across (White). Adding to the surge of unionization of the Industrial West, the Great Northern Strike of April 1894 was simultaneously happening during Coexyism.
It’s the 1920’s and fear sweeps through the United States. When communists overthrew the Russian government in the 1917 Bolshevik Russian Revolution, the United States government resolved to prevent a similar uprising in America. American citizens also had a growing fear that the new communist ideals in Russia would spread to the United States, damaging the nation’s democracy. This fear of communism was known as “The Red Scare” or “The First Red Scare.” During this time, inflation was increasing, soldiers who had returned home from WWI were desperate for work, and labor strikes were common. This unrest made the Red Scare problematic during the 1920’s in both political and social aspects.