Are animals as important as human beings? Peter Singer answers this question in his article “Animal Liberation.” Singer supports the idea that animals are as important as human beings. People should stop seeing animals as a means of satisfying human wants and see the animal as equals. Exploitation of animal will stop when humans will accept that it is unnecessary. It is hard to understand why an animal should be used to conduct research which is aimed at finding medicine for the human disease (Singer) .
His ethics is focused on the rights of individual animals. Regan believes that animals are subjects of experience whose lives matter to them. This infers that animals hold intrinsic value themselves and has various rights. However, currently with animal testing, caging and hunting, animals are being deprived of their rights. Although it is a bit extreme comparison, Regan compares the situation of animals to slavery.
The moral character of the researcher is not important, it is the ethical approach to the experiment which makes the animal experimentation morally acceptable. On the contrary of promoting animal rights, the utilitarian instincts of most people take over their judgment in this issue. Utilitarian is an ethical philosophy in which the happiness of the greatest number of people in the society is considered the greatest good. In this philosophy, an action is morally right if its consequences lead to happiness. Researcher’s decision to use animal research has undergone a series of procedure.
Animal testing is a controversial subject, with supporters pointing out the medical advances that have stemmed from animal research and animal rights activists declaring it cruel and immoral. However, both sides agree that it would be beneficial to reduce animal suffering by finding alternatives to this practice. On one side of the spectrum, supporters of animal testing point out how valuable the practice is to scientists, and the medical advances that have stemmed from animal research. According to the Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR), “…practically every drug, treatment, medical device, diagnostic tool or cure we have today was developed with the help of lab animals” (“Benefits of Biomedical Research”). The FBR is clearly stating that, without the help of animal testing, medical advances would be nearly impossible.
Ideal Practitioners in Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism each have their own ideal practitioners described in their teachings. These ideal practitioners provide a role-model and an ideal path for their followers. They also help followers and outsiders understand the important values of each tradition. In regards to Buddhism, this paper will delve into two ideal practitioners; one from Theravāda Buddhism and the other from Mahāyāna Buddhism. Theravāda Buddhism’s ideal practitioner is called an arhat (or Arahant).
The desire to venture and roam freely is a defining right of what it means to be a living being. Especially in a day and age where freedom is a prime factor of society. To really compare humanities, knowledge, philosophies and accomplishments, with the rights that animals have would be quite irrational. As irrational as these beliefs are, humanity the more superior species must acknowledged their duties to keep these living organisms safe as they all provide a purpose for the outside world in an ethical point of view. Holding these animals captive Zoos deprive them of their natural rights that in turn violates humanities very own beliefs and morals.
The opening line of the famous Buddhist teaching of Dhammapada has most often been translated in English as: “Experiences are preceded by mind, led by mind, and produced by mind.’ Discuss how this quote reveals some of the key features of the Buddhist conception of mind. In order for one to completely comprehend this quote from the buddha in the teaching of Dhammapada one has to understand the meaning of what Dhammapada truly is, Dhammapada means the eternal truth. Dhammapada is an ancient Buddhist scripture that was traditionally accredited to the buddha. This quote from the Dhammapada reveals the key features of the Buddhist conception of mind such that one is responsible for our own reality and experiences to see reality how it is truly
Henry E. Heffner and Carl Cohen who are proponents of animal experimentation point out that it is necessary because it can protect human health. However, Robert Garner and Sarah Rose A. Miller who are opponents of animal experimentation claim that it is unacceptable because it causes animals to suffer. Two aspects of the arguments about animal research are about the use of laboratory animals and the idea of using substitution for live animals, and although the authors mostly disagree
Human beings have no right to violate experimental animals’ life since life is equal in our moral values. Nevertheless, their argument fails to recognize that human beings have already set laws to regulate treatments to animals. The limited laws are able to assure that experimental animals are treated rationally so that animals can avoid from being maltreated in labs. Take the 3R Principle as an example, the validation and implementation of the principle can safeguard experimental animals’ health. In the principle, 3R represents “reduction”, “replacement” and “refinement” respectively.
Animal rights are essential primarily due to present practices of animal abuse, animal hunting, and animal experimentation. Furthermore, animal are in many ways just like humans. They have emotions and families; it is non-moral to harm the animals in ways that we know is not appropriate to do for humans. Even Allah command us to respect them. Do Animals Have Rights?
The publisher’s intended audience are people who advocate for the rights of animals and are searching for different methods of testing products. The purpose is to inform the people that animal testing is “old school” compared to the new innovative ideas. They want the people to be aware that these experimentations are not successful with the animals nor when they are tested on humans. The acronyms ‘PETA’ stands for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. It is a non-profit organization that advocates for animal rights.