Animal testing is defined as “the use of non-human animals in research and development projects, especially for purposes of determining the safety of substances such as food or drugs” (“Animal Testing”). Unfortunately, some cosmetic companies treat animals unethically during testing; this brings into question whether or not the practice of animal testing can be considered ethical, or even necessary, in regards to cosmetic purposes. Those with pro-animal testing views may argue that the practice of testing cosmetics on animals is necessary for human safety, however, with modern advances in technology, there are now more options for alternatives than ever before. With support from major companies and governments, alternatives to animal testing could potentially become the standard in the near future.
The lives saved may outweigh the lives lost but it does not mean we can overlook the pain and suffering caused to these animals to get to the treatments and vaccines. People who feel that they can’t allow animal testing for any reason can choose to refuse treatments that have been created through animal tests. However, this means refusing almost all treatments that have been created. Technology is advancing every day and maybe one day, hopefully soon, animals will be replaced by machines and no longer need to suffer. Animal testing may not always be the most sound or successful way to find the answers but right now there is sometimes no other option.
Is Animal Testing Justified Ethically? The idea and processes of animal testing and experimentation originated thousands of years ago. Back then it was only used for medical research and curiosity. Nowadays, animal testing and experimentation is used for a wide range of things; determining the effectiveness of a cancer treating drug or if a cosmetic product causes skin or eye irritation.
To demonstrate, U.S. Food and Drud Adninistration found that 92 percent of drugs that followed animal testing was failed to be approved in clinical trials in 2004 (Capaldo, 2014). Animals’ gene is different from human that gave unreliable results by animal testings. For the reason that, animal models can only mimic the extremely complicated process of human, physiology, progression and carcinogenesis to a certain extent (Mak et al., 2010). Next, the health condition between animal models and patients are different. Animal studies have failed because of animal research are inadequate to detect rare events, animal testings usually carry out in healthy animals and the effect of the disease on the biological activity of test compounds is undefined while animal models exaggerated pharmacology well but not modelled well when specific infections involved (Cavagnaro and Lima, 2015；Polson and Fuji, 2012).
Therefore, people should not clone animals and humans. First of all, people should not clone animals and humans because most clones do not live. This is the result of many cloned animals dying at an early age than normal. Among those, few cloning attempts are successful on cloned animals. According to “Cloning Fido: Is it Playing God,” “Some clones do not survive.”
Although, this isn’t the case because there are laws that regulate how the animal should be cared for such as the Federal Animal Welfare Act. To add to this, not only do animals have to be treated well because of the laws but also because they would make inaccurate results otherwise. Procon.org argues, “stressed or crowded animals produce unreliable research results.” This means that the scientists have no choice but to make sure the animals are well taken care
Fact, animals do not get many of the human diseases that people do. Such as major types of heart disease, many types of cancer, HIV, Parkinson. Instead signs of these diseases are artificially induced in animals in labratories in an attempt to mimic the human disease. It is not surprising to find that treatments showing 'promise ' in animals rarely work in humans. There was a pill that was tested in the
“Nine out of ten drugs that pass animal studies fails in humans” (Moore 2). Many patients in the world of medicine need drugs with low risk factors. Animal experiment is becoming a thing of the past and for good reasons. The experiments are no longer answering the scientists questions, but when the products does work on animals it is never going to be hundred percent for humans. Animal experimentation is wrong because animals can register pain just like humans, the medication is not reliable, and money is lost when it is ineffective.
The closest body structure we have to the human body is an animal, so it is logical to keep testing on animals, considering the fact that scientists have been doing so for years. If animal testing was to be banned then all scientists can really use is human cells, but over the years it hasn’t been proven to help find cures as much as animals already do. Human cells can be useful but don’t allow scientists to get a test on the central nervous system, endocrine system, and immune system, those being the humans most important parts of the body, where in animals they can. In fact, there are a variety of animals that are considered to be like humans. Such as, elephants, chimps, monkeys, dolphins and even octopuses.
The definition itself says imaginary. Utopia is an unachievable, impossible fantasy. But by continuing animal testing, the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people will be done, and utilitarian ideas will be met. Although animal testing is viewed in the media as the way that all products are tested, the FDA has claimed that “Most devices use materials, such as stainless steel or ceramic, that we know are biocompatible with human tissues. In these cases, no animal testing is required” (3).
My own view is that animals should not be used for medical testing because some medicine can work with animals, but we do not know how well the medicine will work on humans. Animal testing has killed millions of animals throughout time, due to the fact that they have been used for testing. It is true that animal testing has been successful on some occasions and that it has helped to improve medical treatments, but also it has been the cause of serious problems. Just because something worked on animals does not mean that it would work on humans as well. For example, the article “Animal Testing” states that “the 1950s sleeping pill thalidomide, cause thousands of babies to be born with several deformities”(Animal Testing).
Research has further assisted in the development of drugs such as insulin and penicillin. It was said in the beginning that animals would never feel pain while going through such experiments, but there have been many times where labs go against that assumption. In some labs, the aftermath of the experiments are so immoral, it’s impossible for one to think what that animal endured. As of today, labs across the world are trying to enforce the 3Rs, which are replacement, reduction, and refinement. The 3Rs is a campaign who hopes to replace animals with non-living models, reduce the number of animals begin used, and finally refine the practice of using animals according to Hajar.