A cohesion between the members of a community is formed and thus, a feeling of “hostility against intruders” appears, which helps protecting that community. The modern man cannot be happy since both his sexuality and his aggressiveness are being controlled by civilization. Eros in Freud’s view is the “principle of life” for which civilization tries to “bind together isolated individuals into a vast unity, humanity as such” , whereas Thanasos is the death drive, aggressiveness being its representative. Our evolution as a civilized society depends on the continuous struggle between Eros and Thanasos, “the instinct of life and the instinct of destruction”. Although extremely criticized both nowadays and during his own life, Sigmund Freud’s theories and ideas gave the world a different shape due to their strong impact.
Qutb viewed the masses as unable to lead themselves as they were self-interested and corrupted therefore the elites who had the interest of the society at heart were to lead. Similarly, Leo Strauss believed that social equality was a myth and that elites were important in setting up a functioning society and curbing the ever so corrupting
Should Oedipus, be too ‘perfect’ the audience would not be able to find themselves in him and thus would not be able to learn from him, which would contradict the purpose of a tragedy according to Aristotle. In addition, a fatal flaw is essential to the construction of a tragic hero because it provides logicality to his downfall. If the hero were without flaws and was randomly punished, catharsis would not be able to take place because rather than stimulating pity and fear, it would stimulate only “revulsion”
Iago hates the moor for not giving the lieutenancy that he so well deserves. Atop resentment, Iago feels jealousy for Othello’s suspicious relationship with Emilia, Iago’s wife (McCloskey). The culmination of these feelings results in a plan to destroy Othello and everything that he stands for. Iago attacks Othello’s love for Desdemona by turning “her virtue into pitch, and out of her own goodness make the net that shall enmesh them all.” (2.3.336). His lies cause himself to look like the only honest person Othello knows.
Huxley would view humans as selfish due to their incapability to sacrifice anything for anyone else except themselves. To gain the perfect society in Brave New World, have to sacrifice freedoms to gain stability for their community as a whole. Likewise, the strength of the nation was based on the overall agreements of the citizens living in it, and the World State has achieved it. The controllers created things such as soma and feelies if anything ever went wrong with a certain individual. This could be becoming aware of how they were being manipulated, refusing to take the required medicine, or starting to form their own ideas about how the community should be run.
The calm and assertive tone used by Kurtz indicates his desire for the abandonment of rules in war, as he believes it hinders the ability to win. The didactic used by Kurtz also evidences his revelation that war cannot be won with rules. Allowing the audience to reflect upon conflicts in general and the responsibility and the humanity possessed by the individual. Frost and Coppola are effectively able to reinforce the differing nature of discoveries through the destructive nature of mankind and how they have influenced the judgment of man, resulting in new
Calpurnia is clairvoyant, yet Decius was ignoble, as he claims that the nightmares are nothing to worry about despite the fact that he knows for a fact that Caesar will be dying. This is lying. Decius wanted more so to obliterate Caesar. As Decius is saying in the play, he will be laughing and affronting others for not liking Caesar. Decius
The book presents Lecter’s predilection with violence as unconscious, inherent to his very nature and, while the Lecter of the film appears to be conscious of his illness and malfeasance, both book and film see Lecter as a sort of morbid opportunist, taking advantage of the innate fears and moral corruptions which plague the human race. Both iterations of Lecter view people as programmed instruments that can be exploited. Lecter asks “Being smart spoils a lot of things, doesn’t it?” He fears intelligence, knowing that it is a roadblock for him to achieve his goals.What he desires most, as a character, is someone to control. Demme’s Lecter finds
This dangerous image rubbed off into the character Jack, and this reveals to the reader how power that comes into the wrong hands can be a hazard to society. Not only being in this mindset is terrifying, but this is somewhat usual for us. Being influenced by your surroundings is common, however, one must know how to conquer this in order to thrive. The character Piggy tried to keep this mentality throughout the novel, this confirms how the danger of power can not only influence the people around one person but also could ruin someone’s self-worth. However, prevailing through this and establishing a model for oneself will make a community run afloat.
Such a changed behavior threatens the ‘normality’ of the society and is capable of influencing its long convincing inhabitants against its very law and system. Out of such a threatening quality, these truth-revealing ideas and actions have been labeled as abnormal by the State or the people in power with the fear of possible rebel and are eventually excluded from the society in a disguise of ‘abnormality’. Exclusion of