Humans are infected by handling soil, dirt or animal hair that contains eggs of this tapeworm..In humans they are localized in the liver in most of the cases and in other organs of bodies such as spleen, brain heart and kidney. The disease occur with slow-growing mass this mass is called cysts. The patient may be asymptomatic even if cysts are peresent. But if they occur then include cough, shortness of breaths and pain in chest. It is diagnosed by different combination ofd tools and techniques i.e, histopathology,
A disease vector is any agent that transmits and carries an infectious pathogen into another living organism. These vectors have immunity to the pathogen and thus allows for the successful transport of the pathogen. Not every vector is able to carry every pathogen and ecological restrains also limit the spread of the disease due to the inability of the vector to survive in different kinds of environments. Arthropods can serve as vectors and play an important role in disease transmission. These vectors include mosquitoes, fleas, sand flies, lice, ticks, and mites.
For instance, though the channel by bites from insects or animals. Beside, others are obtained by consumed contaminated food or drinks which being exposed to the environment with the organisms. In addition, the signs and symptoms of the diseases are extend depending on the organism which causing the infection. For examples which often happen as fever, diarrhea, fatigue, muscle aches, coughing. If the organisms did not very active, the mild infection will respond to rest and home remedies.
Tick Bite Overview- The tick bites are potentially dangerous. Ticks are parasites of animals: from these blood sucking them need from food. The man can be at times a victim and the most at risk periods are spring and summer. Ticks can transmit serious diseases to humans such as rickettsia, viral encephalitis (TBE) and Lyme borreliosis. Ticks are arthropods, like spiders.
It has a circular toothfilled mouth, thus sucks blood and other bodily fluids. Thus, at last they kill their host. SUMMARY OF HOST PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS • The host provides the pathogen with the necessary requirements and it depends on the pathogen how to use the host mechanism for its benefits. • As the pathogens are capable of causing a disease in the host, it doesn’t mean that they will cause disease in all the host cells. • Due to the various activities of the pathogen within the host, the host’s immune response gets activated and can kill the pathogens in some
It is then shed into the environment through the feces where it can spread rapidly through a community, especially in situations where poor hygiene and sanitation are lacking. Polio can also be transmitted by unwashed hands or contaminated water. The virus depends on survival by invading a host cell, where it
In the stages of endometriosis you can experience different types of effects and stages. The stages are referred to as Stage I to Stage IV. The reproductive system can be compromised and cause infertility. Anatomically the disruption of pelvic structures, multiple production and activation of peritoneal macrophages cause the inflammation of the lower abdominal cavity. It may bring about an ectopic pregnancy since the fallopian tube may be infected and the egg may stick to one of the cyst.
Gastroenteritis:. Infection of the stomach or intestine is called gastroenteritis. Even though viruses cause gastrointestinal infection but bacteria also cause such infections by infecting the lining of the intestine or the stomach. stomach is infectad by large number of pathogenic microorganism and this infection is usually extends to the nearest structures which are the esophagus proximally and duodenum distally. Stomach infections is caused by two gerneral situations which are gastritis and gastroenteritis.
Aerobic organisms particularly Clostridium perfringes and other species of bacteriodes and aerobic cocci may also present (Klein et al. 1995). Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes a wide variety of septic infections in man and other vertebrates (Hare and Wilits, 1962). Among species much less commonly encountered in wound infections are Pasteurella multicida in animal bites, Corynebacterium diphtheria and Bacillus anthracis in malignant pustules of skin. In chronic infection that are slow to heal and in pus showing no
The infection usually begins locally by a trauma that allows the bacteria to enter the body. Necrotizing fasciitis often occurs after a minor trauma, such as scratching, rash, small cut, routine blood draw etc. causing bacteria to enter the blood stream. Flesh eating bacteria
However, it is likely due to an abnormal response of the immune system. Food or bacteria in the intestines, or even the lining of the bowel may cause the uncontrolled inflammation associated with Crohn 's disease. Signs and Symptoms: The symptoms of Crohn 's disease depend on where the disease occurs in the bowel and its severity. These are some symptom examples Chronic diarrhea, often bloody and containing mucus or pus Weight loss Fever Abdominal pain and tenderness Feeling of a mass or fullness in the abdomen Rectal bleeding
Scabies Scabies are a contagious skin disease caused by a tiny insect measuring 0.3 mm long. The tiny insect is referred yo as the “itch mite” or “Sarcoptes scabiei”. If a person comes in contact with a female mite, the mite will burrow under the skin and lay eggs along the line of its burrow. People all over the world can and have been affected by scabies for as long as 2,500 years. In order to diagnose scabies, a doctor will look at the skin for sites of mites and the burrows.
In WORMS, we also find a little bit of ourselves, particularly the worm, Amphioxus. Although Amphioxus is an invertebrate, it surprisingly has a nerve cord that runs along its back, and in addition to the cord, the worm also has a rod that runs parallel to it called the notochord. Crazily, human embryos also have a notochord. “Your Inner Fish” is like an animalistic Ancestory.com, and the further we dive into its contents, the crazier the connections get. As Neil says, “the essences of our heads goes back to worms, organisms that do not even have a head” (Shubin 96).
Many butts. The relationship between the host and the worm with many butts is unknown. We aren’t sure if it is a beneficial relationship, like that between sharks and pilot fish (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilot_fish) or if the worm is slowly killing the sea sponge. It seems that, either way, the branched butts absorb nutrients to support itself. It makes sense, because how can one head feed that large a body?