The first chapter makes an introductory assessment of Indian English women novelists in general and makes a brief survey of the portrayal of women with specific account of suffering and discrimination in particular. It deals with the development of genre ‘novel’ in Indian English literature with the focus of women novelists of the period. This chapter explores the fictional portrayal of suffering woman and her subjugated status in the male dominated society. It explores that the women were fated to suffer and struggle right from birth to their death. It is observed that women are still suffering and their struggle has not ended yet.
The motivation of the fiction of the 80s creates some aberrations in the perception of these bodies of literature. Surely a fire brand of women novelists beginning with R.P.Jhabvala,Kamala Markandaya, Anita desai, Nayantara Sahgal, Kamala Das and many others-highlights the growth of the novels as an art from which exactly constitutes the hallmark of Indo-English writing. They greatly succeeded in bringing freshness to their works. What appeals to the reader most that they could daringly speak out about a woman’s frustrations and reactions in their novels. In
Feminism is a definition for a movement that focus primarily to enhance the quality of women lives by defying the norms of society based on the dominance of male and subsequent female that implies the emancipation of women from the shackles, restrictions, norms and customs of society. It demands that women should be treated as autonomous subjects, and not as a passive object. Its aim is to achieve equality between men and women in many aspects such as moral, social, economic and political. The objective of this movement is to create a new identity for women and making them aware of their rights. The education allowed for women was possible only in a way that suited their soft-side nature such as sewing, nursing and painting.
Abstract The paper, titled Female Resistance against Repression throws light on the significance of the institution of marriage and familial love as portrayed in Shobha De’s sensational novel Strange Obsession. It also underscores that women, must be discrete to distinguish between the real and deceptive, fake and genuine, deleterious and healthy. She also exhorts the need for women to master their own self in the process of attaining independence. The emphasis is laid on curbing the unconventional feminine desires which subjugates women. As a socially conscious writer, De attempts to bring these erring women back into the orbit of socially sanctified morality.
Virginia Woolf’s novels portray a lot of distressed women who feel sad, alone and subjugated in this male-dominated society. Patriarchal society forces them to become loyal, devoted, meek, and submissive. Virginia Woolf wants that women must denounce these so called patriarchal values. Virginia Woolf welcomes ‘androgyny’- the blending and balancing of intellect and emotion. Equal balance of the feminine and masculine traits can end this debate.
Male writers always dealt with heavy themes and works of women were not being appreciated. This prejudice comes because women writers are used to write on domestic violence, domestic space, sufferings and conflicts of women in men centric society as a female point of views. The majority of the novels by women portray the psychological suffering of the frustrated housewife; however such themes become lower and artificial when compared to the depiction of the repressed and oppressed lives of women who
The present research article is an attempt to discuss the abject misery of dalit women and the inhumanity of upper caste on them depicted in the novel of Bama’sSangati Key words: Dalit, Women, Sufferings, pain, community,condition,Oppression. Introduction: literature is considered as the mouthpiece of the society in which it is written. So, it was the power of words that empowered Dalits to put across their voice, so that people may understand what
According to vijay kumar Mehta,” Manju Kapur, the radical feminist, truly presents the hidden intricacies of women psyche in her novels. Her protagonists make an effort to dismantle the gender polarization up to a great extent Gender polarization is a concept that what is feminine cannot be masculine and what is masculine cannot be feminine. It is expected of men and women to display stereotypic gender roles. It utilizes the differences between the two groups of male and female to designate particular characteristics to group members of one group and not the other. Sandra Bem describes “the relationship between men and women as a division of social responsibilities.
The neglected women as characters in their novel attempt for better way of life mentally and physically. Today’s Novels act as a mirror reflecting the protest and the outburst of the suppressed feelings of women which has never been taken care for ages. Shashi Despande’s novel That Long Silence begins with the sentence “To achieve anything, you’ve got to be ruthless.” Despande 's That Long Silence revolves around the ongoing problems and predicament of the middle class house hold. Her writings are like case studies of women full of reality. Her women are real flesh and blood characters from whom one cannot take one’s eyes of.
The God of Small Things is a typical postcolonial feminist novel with the streak of interrogative stance on the gender and caste biased system in India. Arundhati Roy makes artistic efforts to put forward the saga of the agony and fire of revolt of women that has been sparking for a long time. Female characters like Ammu, Mammachi, Baby Kochamma, Rahel, Margret and even Kochu Maria in the novel are the instruments in the hands of the novelist to put resistance to the norms, dogmas, laws, values and structures typical patriarchal apart from challenging the “Love laws” and institution of marriage which assigns more bondages for women. Ammu finds herself entirely alone and helpless to fight the system that is designed to be hostile to fair sex. Mammachi feels threatened by whatever happens on the television as she opts to view the world through small screen rather than confronting the grim and unfavouring realities of life around.