Similarly to with education, Wollstonecraft is a strong critic of Rousseau’s ideas in relation to socialization. It can be inferred from Rousseau’s work that he believes that women are innately subservient as he believes that their central purpose in life is to please men. Wollstonecraft uses Rousseau’s work titled Emilius and Sophia: Or, a New System of Education to exemplify this notion as she mentions two characters from the piece named Sophia and Emilius who abide by stereotypical gender norms (Wollstonecraft, 78). Using these characters, Rousseau attempted to prove that “woman ought to be weak and passive, because she has less bodily strength than man and hence infers, that she was formed to please and to be subject to him” (Wollstonecraft, 78). Although Wollstonecraft agrees with Rousseau that women are biologically not as strong as men, she does not believe that physical strength is a reason for women to be seen as subsidiary to men.
Elizabeth, despite the fact that she still fulfills her societal roles to a slight extent, still contrasts her mother in that she balances care for others with her own well-being, indicating that she remains sympathetic without sacrificing her own needs to fit the expected role of women at the time. In contrast, both Elizabeth and the rest of her sisters are limited by Mrs. Bennet’s influence on their life decision. Author Sylvia Myers takes a far more critical approach on the role of Mrs. Bennet in comparison to her daughters in deeming her the “bad mother” through hindering the lives of her daughters. Myers asserts that Mrs. Bennet desires only for her daughters to fulfill their societal expectations, rather than reach their own full potential (Myers 228). She lacks the same free will which Elizabeth displays in her growth as a character, and therefore directly opposes Austen’s vision of an ideal woman.
Didion states that having a lack of self-esteem is why human beings today are not successful. So, she acknowledges the other side to this argument with the phrase stated above and also draws the reader’s attention to the fact that self-esteem is an issue in society; self-esteem is not commonly blamed as one of the reasons people fail. Another example of how Didion uses metadiscourse to draw the reader in is when she states, “Although now, some years later…”. This is another example of argumentative metadiscourse because Didion is yet again acknowledging past mistakes made when self-respect was absent. This brings the reader’s attention to the fact that Didion was wrong in her childhood when she thought everything was easy and guaranteed, but the fact of the matter is nothing in life is certain… once we realize this we will gain a partial amount of the self-esteem needed to thrive in today’s
Sue is not similar to Hardy’s other heroines. Her view on marriage also differs from other heroines because she acknowledges the fact that she 's a member of an oppressed sex rightly seeking autonomy. Despite Sue’s final return to her husband, her marriage with Phillotson and her experience with him are adequate to prove her as a new woman. She expresses her view about marriage by saying that “What tortures me so much is the necessity of being responsive to this man whenever he wishes." (Jude the Obscure P. 211) Sue criticises marriage and believes that the institution of marriage brings limitation to the freedom of the couple and bounds them into it.
A Definition of Justice Equality is the well-known problem faced by women. It is the issue of how women have been treated differently from men who act as if they have a higher social position. Besides the equality issue, there is another problem faced by many women: mental abuse at home. The husbands are not literally abuse their wife, but how they act have made their wives live in agony. Subsequently, when the women as the oppressed party who have been treated unequally cannot demand such abuse to be punished since it is not written in man’s law, they will seek their own justice.
It should serve as a foundation for public justification among people who have differing notions of the good. The roots to this way of thinking lay in the concept of fairness. Rawls identifies justice with fairness however he does not imply that the notions of justice and fairness are the same. He assumes that the decisions made under the veil of ignorance are supposedly equal in every aspect ergo they are to result in fair and therefore just conclusions. The extent of fairness in this method is however, rather questionable and the same can be said for Rawls’s overall understanding of fairness, especially when looking at practicalities, because Rawls’s theory is highly idealistic and his methodology allegedly universal.
A Defense of Ethical Relativism Benedict views morality as something that depends on the different\ histories and environments of different cultures. Yes, I believe she is correct stating that our culture is “but one entry in a long series of possible adjustments”. Why? Because what is considered moral in one society may be considered immoral in a different society, but each individual society is correct. She asserts morals are culturally defined based on what’s considered the appropriate behavior in each society.
Some have tried to overcome this divide by using postmodernist or poststructuralist critiques to argue that the binary division between equality and difference should itself be deconstructed. This idea (which will be discussed further later in this chapter), or that of a ‘third way’ between equality and difference, may seem to be attractive in that it promises to rid feminism of one of its perennial conflicts. However, other feminists maintain that the division between equality and difference is one that is here to stay and that in any practical discussion of women’s position in society there is no escaping the divide. In discussions on how to treat women’s claims for maternity rights, for example, feminists are divided between those who think that maternity benefits should be special rights granted to women on the basis of their specific biological capacity to have children and the particular social role of maternity that they have been assigned in Western societies, whereas others argue that maternity benefits should be subsumed under the general category of sickness benefits so that pregnant women are treated the same as men who have an illness which prevents them from working for a period of time (Bacchi 1991;
This made her realize that the world that she thought to be free really wasn’t due to religion and social stigmas. While there are some views that Satrapi might agree with, because of this page showing her being so “Avant-garde”, it foreshadows her criticizing not only Middle Eastern social stigmas but also those all around the world concerning women. Consequently causing one to speculate that the questioning of the pages is a way to understand Persepolis as a whole. From the first page of Persepolis, we start to see how Satrapi’s mind works. How she invites one into her mind as to what she thinks about the world around her.
It will compare the two passages to show their similarities in representations of gender relations. Together, these will demonstrate both the traditional and the changing relationship between men and women in both the Victorian era and in the early twentieth century. In both eras, there were strict social rules that women were expected to adhere to, though the same rules were not subjected unto men, showing instant inequality in their relations. Though, both Lily and Margaret go against this. Lily is aware that it is her “duty” as a woman to follow a “code of behaviour” (Woolf, 74) that will benefit Mr. Tansley, though he has done nothing to benefit her; instead, he had taken the liberty to belittle her.