Annotated Bibliography: Gender Equality In The Workforce

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Annotated Bibliography Gender equality in the workforce is a subject that has been researched throughout the years. Following the Civil Rights Movement in 1964 when sexual discrimination was outlawed, and in 1967 when President Johnson amended the bill in 1967. Researchers believe that discrimination is a thing of the past. Although, in 2012 Walmart faced nationwide lawsuits for discrimination (Hines, 2012). Researchers examine different approaches that organizations can take in order to insure their companies practice gender equality. Although we live in a world where discrimination is discouraged, it still occurs in many organizations.
Lenka, D., & Sahoo, D.K. (2016). Breaking the glass ceiling: opportunity for the organization. Industrial
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Women have dominated this work field over the last hundred years. Researchers analyzed causes which prevent women from breaking the glass ceiling. The glass ceiling includes discrimination of gender, race, and age. Because of these discriminations, women face obstacles regardless of their qualifications. The researchers described two different barriers, difference barrier and societal barriers. First, the difference barrier is discrimination based upon bias or prejudice. Women are thought to be followers while men are thought to lead. Social role theory defines women as incapable of maintaining control and influence the way men can. Also, supply barrier defines an unfair advantage that men have over women regarding…show more content…
The glass ceiling occurs in many organizations with every intention of the “hush” attitude from the corporate associates. Many male employees are told that it is forbidden to discuss wages with anyone that they work with. Women are found to hold lower-management employment without potential for growth. The authors identified two types of stereotyping found in these types of organizations, descriptive and prescriptive. First, descriptive defines the biological differences between men and women. One example is women are thought to be incapable of a work assignment in construction. This is thought to be a “mans” job, because of the strenuous work involved. Second, prescriptive stereotypes define expected behaviors which are gender specific. Example, if women behave to feminine this is considered descriptive stereotyping, but if a woman shows more stability and force, she is defined as hostile and this describes prescriptive

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