The Pilgrims were Separatists who were once Puritans, but were discontent at reforms. Both looked to scriptures as final authority and encouraged education through reading, examining and interpreting the Bible. The Pilgrims were the first to seek religious freedom in the New World when they landed and settled in America in 1620. Their name cast upon them because of their long journey taken for religious purposes. They settled in Plymouth with their founder, Robert Browne, who thought them the practice of democracy.
Coming from the same domicile. Living amongst each other trying to decide how can they remain neighbors and still live comfortable. Unfortunately the Pilgrims and Puritans couldn’t come up with the solution to the problem. Having to deal with the same oppression together by King James and his followers should have brought them closer but instead the pilgrims and puritans had their old engender. Both wanted to seek freedom.
In history it was mentioned that the British were one of the first settlements in America on April26, 1607 when they settled in Jamestown near James River. They were followed by the French, Dutch and Spanish colonization. If we assume that the Vikings were still in America they might stop all these colonization as they would stop the diseases, and that would lead them to able to find gold instead of the British that came. So that would make their wealth and trade extends to a larger point and further than what it was. Therefore their popularity would extend and they would be more mentioned between people in a decent way than they are now.
INTRODUCTION Forming part of the New England region, Salem can be found on the coast of the state of Massachusetts, USA. European Puritans began to settle in Salem as early as 1626. Puritans were a group of English Protestants from the 16th century, which was a religiously-driven era in Europe as God was the central force for the public. As such, the fear of the occult and Satan was pervasive. The Puritans brought these fears to Salem as they colonised New England in an attempt to flee religious maltreatment in Europe.
Facing persecution in Europe, the Puritans came to America in order to create a society that lived according to the Bible’s demands. They were a separatist group who believed in purifying the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism, like the Pope, for instance (“Puritan New England; Plymouth”). They also believed in predestination. This means that God chose whether or not a person would be saved or condemned at birth. However, the Puritans did not know whether God chose them to be saved or condemned, therefore, they lived through strict policies laid out in the “Covenant of Works” and the “Covenant of Grace.” The “Covenant of Grace” declares that “nothing people do can erase their sins nor earn them a place in heaven.” Consequently, the “Covenant of Works” states that “God’s elect must do good works…to earn their salvation” (Henretta).
This journal, “Of Plymouth Plantation”, which was from Norton Anthology of American Literature, Vol. 1, written by William Bradford between 1630 and 1651, and edited by Samuel Eliot Morison in 1953, describes the story of the pilgrims who sailed from Southampton, England, on the Mayflower and settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. Those pilgrims were English Christians in the 16th and 17th centuries and religious separatists who saw no hope of reforming the Church of England from within; therefore, they hoped to separate from the Church of England and form independent local churches in another place. In order to , those pilgrims overcame many obstacles. The author had used the power of rhetoric, especially in the use of the three rhetorical
They did this through strict laws and harsh punishment. Two important laws that were enacted included the requirement of church attendance and that everyone was to observe the sabbath. Although the Puritans sought a form of religious freedom, they were not open to the practice of other religions. They were even dissatisfied if one worshiped in an “incorrect” way. Quakers would enter their community, they were often beaten, branded or even lynched if the persisted.
Why the Scotch-Irish left Ulster The Scotch-Irish trace their ancestry to a few hundred thousand Scottish Lowland Presbyterians who were coerced to move to Ulster, a region in northern Ireland, by the British government in the 1600s. Hoping to augment its control of Ireland, England tried to increase the number of Protestant citizens in Ulster. Resentment from “natives”, however, maintained the group’s distinct cultural identity. Economic pressures, such as: growing rents, multiple crop failures, and added with the prospect of greater opportunity abroad, lead many Scotch-Irish to travel to the American colonies during the eighteenth century (Hess). Many Scotch-Irish joined the mass migrations to this New World in response to the Potato Famine of the 1840s.
Puritans and Pilgrims are group of Christians that both originated from England and its church, which is the Anglican Church of England. This group were known as Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries because of their argument that King Henry VIII as the head of the church is not laying good example as a Christian and that his reformation is contrary to the bible tenets, and he is not worshiping God in the best way that God should be worshipped and they called for change so that they can be worshiping God in the way it was in the beginning of Christianity and to be in total purification and holiness. They still believed that the King is a Catholic member secretly because of his antecedents and the laws he made. In the early years of Christianity, the King is the head of the church and any disagreement with the church is also a disagreement with the king and this was considered treasonable offence. Due to this problem, they sailed to America.
Thus, many Puritans left England in April 1630 to travel to the New World (Martin 1984: 20) to found a “godly community” (Westerkamp 1999: 2). The ships arrived in the wilderness, a harsh place that required strict rules and religious guidance and “Faith in God’s providential plan” to endure the circumstances (Martin 1984:4). This reassurance had already taken place on their way to the New World when John Winthrop delivered his speech, according to which the Puritan community was as a “City upon a hill” representing a model of “biblical commonwealth”(Westerkamp 1999:10). Consequently, the community established fixed power relations wielding much authority to the ministers who often also were medical authorities and, consequently, caused an intersection of spiritual and medial issues (Lutes 1997: 314). The announcements of the Puritan misters influenced the community strongly since the people’s interpretations were based on them (Lutes 1997: 313).