He who governs by his moral excellence may be compared to the pole star which abides in its place while all other stars bow towards it. Deciding for oneself between what is right and what is wrong has always been an important part of life. All throughout history this subject has been debated and there have been many who have attempted to discover an absolute solution. Among these is the remarkable German philosopher, Immanuel Kant. Applied correctly, Kant’s moral principles, specifically the categorical imperative, would greatly alter one’s view of life and due to this it may help to not only make the world a better place, but to also bolster individual lives.
Plato wrote a lot of important philosophical works during his lifetime, but some of the most important ones are his works involving Socrates. With these works, Plato touched upon important beliefs that seem clear-cut to us but are much more complicated than believed. One of these beliefs involves the meaning and importance of knowledge. Plato writes to describe knowledge in his works Protagoras, Euthydemus, and Meno. There are three points he brings up involving proper knowledge: the importance of good teaching, the necessity of knowledge to do good in the world, and how virtue is a type of knowledge.
People have always been trying to understand the universe and the concepts that dominate our daily lives. This thirst for knowledge resulted in the development of science, philosophy, and religion. Western philosophy started in Greece and spread further to America and Australia. The word philosophy comes from the Greek word philosophia which means “love of wisdom.” Philosophy has many different fields, domains, and branches: Aesthetics, Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Political Philosophy, etc. The first thing that usually comes to our mind when we hear the word philosophy is the question “what’s the meaning of life” Socrates, and Plato.
SOCRATES’ AND VOLTAIRE’S ATTITUDES ABOUT PHILOSOPHY 4 In the Good Brahmin's The Voltaire attitude is as a philosopher its manner is a quite different with the two others. In his story, he tries to show many questions that people must ask about
Finally, I argue Swinburne’s solution to the Problem of Evil is persuasive. First, I begin with Swinburne’s views on the kinds of evils. According to him, there are two kinds of evil: moral evil and natural evil. Moral evil refers to all evil caused deliberately by humans doing what they ought not to do and also the evil constituted by such deliberate actions or negligent failure
As he didn’t come from a wealthy family, Socrates had to prove himself and work hard to achieve success. Before he became a philosopher, he was mason, just like his father. As he got older, his interest for Philosophy grew stronger. He began to accumulate information about certain theories he had and as time went by, some of his theories began to make sense. Many people were very wary and confused about
In Bruce Robbins’ essay “Cruelty Is Bad: Banality and Proximity in Never Let Me Go,” the author writes about Kazuo Ishiguro’s use of cruelty between characters to explain the consequences of the welfare state in Never Let Me Go. In the limited fifteen pages of the essay, Robbins manages to touch on the concepts of the welfare state, upward mobility, cruelty and emotional distance, society’s reward system, the suppression of anger, the philosophy of merit, and the parallels between caring and cruelty. In essence, Robbins somehow weaves these varied ideas into a cohesive essay, but often at the risk of clarity. His ideas are sound, however it is necessary to mentally reorganize his structure to fully comprehend his argument in a meaningful way. One of the largest moral dilemmas Robbins touches on is the juxtaposition between caring and willfully ignoring--or perhaps willfully accepting--the institutionalized misfortunes of others, such as the Guardians views of the clones in Never Let Me Go.
The philosopher Socrates and his thought process have shaped Greek philosophical thinking for generations. He is revered by academics and feared by others due to his complex method of thinking and attempt to understand the deeper workings of life. He believes that knowledge is directly related to virtue so in order to live a virtuous life one must seek knowledge. The main goal of Socrates’ philosophical work and teaching was not to get someone to realize a particular fact but rather to entice philosophical thinking and ultimately strive for perfection of the human character. The Socratic method was just a means to an end for Socrates and the end was this excellence.
‘At Socrates discipline, Plato adopted his philosophy and style of debate and directed his studies towards the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character’. He was greatly influenced by Socrates, Heraclitus and Parmenides. ‘He mixed together in his works the arguments of Heraclitus, the Pythagoreans and Socrates. Regarding the sensible he borrows from Heraclitus, regarding the intelligible from Pythagoras and regarding politics from Socrates’ (D.L.3.8). After Socrates death Plato left Athens and began to travel.
Quoting an old saying in Lun Yu to summary, Chinese philosophy seeks “harmony in diversity” (21) but Greek philosophy seeks the “unity in opposites” (21). Ancient Chinese sages never separated people with nature, but advocated the integrity of a whole organic community in which the human and nature interact well and finally integrate together. Based on this idea, they emphasized the theory of mutual connection and contagion among all natures to explain the changes and the essence of things, which is a bit ambiguous. However, Greek philosophers tended to tore things apart or seek for the “contraries”, but at the same time tried to reach the most fundamental, core and common features of all nature and the genuine causes behind changes. Plato’s dualism (Lindberg, 13-15), the four Aristotelian causes, Aristotle’s division of cosmos (celestial and terrestrial) along with the contraries and transforms of qualities (Lindberg, 25-29) all showed this kind of