Annotated Bibliography: Trevor Hudock, Apollo 13
Atkinson, Nancy. "13 Things That Saved Apollo 13, Part 1: Timing."Universe Today. 09 Apr. 2010. 30 Sept. 2015.
April 13, 1970 was the night the oxygen tank in Apollo 13 exploded, 55 hours, 55 minutes away from Earth. If Apollo 13 was any further away at the time of the incident, the astronauts most likely would’ve not survived. The issue was that the O2 tank was not designed properly by the manufacturer, and that when they conducted a stir of the O2 tank it exploded.
Dunbar, Brian. "Apollo 13." NASA, 8 July 2009. 30 Sept. 2015.
A first hand account of the commander of Jim, Lovell tells how failure was not an option for him, that he’d never forget how Earth looked from a spacecraft window, and that he thought he would never go home again.
NASA. “Apollo 13 Mission Hearing” NASA, 24 April 1970. 30 Sept. 2015. …show more content…
“APOLLO 13 AIR-TO-GROUND VOICE TRANSCRIPTION” NASA, April 1970. PDF. 1 Oct. 2015.
This transcript holds all of the words spoken from the ground to the air to and from Apollo 13. Since it holds these words, you can read what was happening at every hour and minute.
Cooper, Henry. Thirteen, The Apollo Flight That Failed. Baltimore, NY: John Hopkins University, 1995.
The book tells what was taking place before the malfunction occured in Apollo 13 's oxygen tank. It tells how nobody in the spacecraft realized that the oxygen tank had an issue. Later the book says the spacecraft’s surgeon noticed that the heartrate’s of all three of the astronauts had increased significantly.
LPR. "Apollo 13 Emergency Landing" LPR, N.A. 14 Oct. 2015.
The web source says how there was damage to the service module which caused loss of power, oxygen, and water. It also says how the astronauts had to use the lunar module as a lifeboat to land in the ocean because it had remaining oxygen.
Tripod. "Apollo 13 Accident" Tripod, N.A. 14 Oct.
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Alan bean is a respected astronaut. He has traveled into space multiple times on multiple different missions. One of these missions is the Apollo 12 mission. Apollo 12 was the second manned landing on the moon. Alan Bean was the captain of this endeavor along with captain Pete Conrad.
Since the 1960s, America has send many astronauts into outer space on different space shuttles to learn more about the world that is beyond the home planet Earth. Over the years, Americans’ pride and confidence in their space program had arisen as a result of several consecutive astronomical accomplishments. Nonetheless, accidents do take place sometimes. One of these times would be January 28th, 1986. On this day, the space shuttle Challenger has exploded 73 seconds succeeding its takeoff, claiming the life of seven members aboard, Michael Smith, Dick Scobee, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Ellison Onizuka, Gregory Jarvis, and Sharon Christa McAuliffe.
3,2,1 Blast off! Apollo 13 was launched into space on April 11, 1970. Little did the three crew members know that they were aboard what one day would be considered NASA’s greatest failure. There are many reasons for people to better understand the problems in Apollo 13. First, the main problem was the oxygen tank that was blown up during the blast off.
This mission proved that direct-ascent rendezvous was possible, which was before thought to be an unrealistic method of getting off the moon. The GATV craft on this mission functioned with greater success than on previous Gemini missions, allowing NASA to test the bounds of what is possible with these low orbit manned spacecraft. Furthermore, this mission implemented equipment improvements based on previous missions, such as including handholds and developing footholds. Neutral buoyancy simulation was also implemented due to the results of the EVAs on this mission and the previous Gemini missions. In all, this mission proved the effectiveness of direct-ascent rendezvous and greatly improved the quality of spacewalks for future
(Dennis 714) By giving the members of the space shuttle crew a recognition as “pioneers”, the speech was poised for a smooth transition from its nature as sincere eulogy into a rhetorical work with a deliberative occasion. As soon as audience received a message implying that Challenger was a beginning instead of an end and how discovery has its risk, Ronald Reagan was in a good position to elaborate his objectives on the space program. Surely, the transition between the bad news and the new hope is one of the greatest features of the speech.
Determined, and brave people It seems sometimes impossible to accomplish our goals, and these courageous people had to endure many hardships to reach theirs. Whether you are leaning to fit into a new school or trying to get back home safely in a damaged spaceship; it is always hard to accomplish a goal. Why do we work so hard to reach what seems like an impossible goal? Ernesto Galarza had to be courageous and brave to try and fit into a new community, while The apollo 13 crew had to make quick decisions on how to stay alive. Both were wildly determined to reach their goals.
In 1970, Apollo 13 experienced an oxygen tank explosion, which nearly killed the astronauts. However, the mission became a major victory for humanity against the dark and dangerous abyss of space. NASA was able to repurpose and adapt to rapidly deteriorating conditions allowing the crew to return to Earth safely. The book, The Martian by Andy Weir describes the saga of an astronaut who becomes stranded on Mars. While, Apollo 13 was the result of a technical failure, poor weather conditions on Mars result in the stranding of protagonist Mark Watney.
The movie Apollo 13 displays a myriad of situations in which teamwork is of the utmost importance. Both within one group and interdepartmentally, the efficient communication of ideas was essential to getting the spacecraft safely back to Earth. This is demonstrated with the information going between the Apollo 13 crew and their team on Earth. Sharing flight diagnostics and different perspectives allowed everyone to get a more complete picture of the situation at hand along with a better plan of attack to circumvent the problems. A specific example of this is the development of a carbon dioxide scrubber with specific assembly instructions on Earth that the astronauts could make on their spacecraft.
Many astronauts seem to like the Apollo 13 movie, but being technically minded folk they also enjoy pointing out what actually happened during that so-called “successful failure” that landed safely on this day in 1970. Thomas “Ken” Mattingly was supposed to be on that crew, but was yanked at the last minute because he was exposed to the German measles. The movie shows him wallowing on the couch with a can of beer before hearing of an oxygen tank explosion on board. He then spends most of the movie stuck in a simulator, helping to save the three men on board the spacecraft.
Eloquently proposed by John Fitzgerald Kennedy to Congress on May 25, 1961, the Apollo Program, or “Project Apollo,” was the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s third exploratory program and the first project worldwide to attempt the tremendous endeavor putting a man on the moon (Britannica). After sufficient feasibility studying over a five year period, the first flight, unmanned, was launched in 1966. Two years later, the first flight with a trained crew onboard took place (Apollo 7, October 1968). Overall, the 11-year-long project sent 19 different spacecrafts into the atmosphere using multiple launch vehicle designs, including the Little Joe II and the Saturn rocket series. Subsequently, it achieved a fairly
Later that night President Ronald Reagan came on air to give the State of the Union address and talk on the tragedy that had just unfolded. Through this speech President Reagan consoles the families of those who lost their lives, the American schoolchildren, and the American public as a whole. He also gives this speech to reassure America of the viability of the NASA program and the light in the future. By the use of rhetorical skill, including analogy, strong emotional appeals, and his position of power, President Reagan manages to convince America that despite the tragedy the benefits of keeping a space exploration program greatly outweigh the losses.
On January 28th, 1986, Ronald Reagan, the president of the United States at the time, in his speech, entitled “Challenger Disaster,” addressed the Challenger Disaster. He supported this claim by first mourning over the tragedy, then he promoted NASA, also he tried to make sense of this calamity, and finally he informed the audience that the seven astronauts will never be forgotten and as a country we will be forever thankful for their service. Through Reagan’s use of tone, rhetorical analysis, and rhetorical tools he effectively persuaded America to mourn and appreciate the lives of the seven astronauts loss and to convince American people to continue their support for NASA and move forward as a country. Reagan unified America with his supportive
When Apollo 13 left for space there was not much news about the mission, which was okay with the pilots because going up in the air had never been a problem for the crew. But when they went into space it was actually the first time for 2 crew members. Although they both were fine with the idea of risking their life for science. The reason for that is when it ended with news all around the world was because when they got into space some bad events occurred which will be explained in the next paragraph. All in all, Apollo 13's crew had always been comfortable with the idea of flying, but after this catastrophe
Former President of the United States, Ronald Reagan, in his address to the nation about the Challenger explosion, distinguishes the terrifying news of the explosion of the space shuttle. Reagan's purpose is to remember the lives lost in this painful accident and to ensure that space program will keep our faith with its future in space. He adopts a sorrowful tone in order to acknowledge all the courage and breakers that those seven astronauts expressed to his nation. Reagan opens his tribute to the Challenger astronauts by recognizing that this accident delayed his State of the Union address and by showing the pain of him and his wife’s grief. He appeal to the emotions of the listeners by expressing that “today is a day for mourning and remembering” (Reagan, 1986), that he and his wife are “pained to the core” (Reagan, 1986), and that we all know that this accident is “truly a national loss” (Reagan, 1986).
SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA DISASTER Seham Binouf Ibrahim ID: 201210112 Study program: (BSEEE) Email: email@example.com Asmae Bornak ID: 201310299 Study program: (BSCSE) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Alaa Samir Halawani ID: 201310036 Study program :( BSEEE)