Second Assignment – Annotated Bibliography and Thesis Statement by Cheryl Chi Yue Leung (214185045) York University NATS 1840 15th January 2016 Thesis: How material elements of the modern fast fashion practice reinforce the meanings of unethical production, and thus explain low prices come with low product quality and negative environmental and social impacts Annotated Bibliography 1) Anguelov, N. CRC Press. (September 2015) The dirty side of the garment Industry: fast fashion and its negative impact on environment and society. Anguelov’s book is a general ethical aspect of developing overconsumption through explaining the correlation between fast fashion and ecosystem resolution from the large scale of producing and high rate of discarding old clothes. Fast fashion clothes are manufactured using inorganic, synthetic and artificial materials. The production of fast fashion clothing is a serious expert of deadly carbon diffusions. It requires large amounts of oil and produce nasty byproducts during chemical and energy demanding processes, which eventually get into the water. On the other hand, Anguelov argues that the issue is not only the resource strain caused by manufacturing but also people throwing away their used clothes, as the fashion trend changes very rapidly, then clothing also becomes unfashionable and unwearable that people end up getting rid a lot of unwanted clothing. Instead of recycling their unwanted and undesirable apparel, it is
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In the essay, “Terror’s Purse Strings” written by Dana Thomas and published in New York Times. Thomas begins talking about expensive fashion bags produced around the world. She elaborates how easy it is to mimic fashion and sell it for a cheaper price. Thomas implies how purchasing a fake product leads to child labor, a getaway to terrorism, and how they are run by crime syndicates. She suggests a solution for this issue and how people should stop buying fakes to take counterfeiters out of business.
The Roaring Twenties During the roaring twenties women gained a new set of personal freedoms. These freedoms were expressed through fashion, lifestyle, and occupation. Women fought hard against the stereotypes and prejudices of the the roaring twenties which had been carried in from past generations, broke free from many expectancies, and we have carried their beliefs into current times.
Did you know that back before the 1920s, makeup and cosmetics were not accepted by American Society because of their relation to loose living and prostitution? But because of popular movie stars like Joan Crawford and Clara Bow, women began copying their makeup. Now makeup is even more widely accepted by society. This and other fun facts make the 1920s among some of the greatest decades of all time because of the interesting fashion, jazz music, and celebrities.
Bill McKibben and Derrick Jensen were born in 1960 in the U.S.A., and both have accomplished successful academic backgrounds. McKibben graduated from Harvard University in 1982, and Derrick Jensen graduated from the Colorado School of Mines with a degree in Mineral engineering in 1983. Both are environmental activists and have written many articles and books. Two of their articles “Waste Not, Want Not” by Bill McKibben and “Forget Shorter Showers” by Jensen are published in the Bedford Reader book (557-567). When we analyze these articles both authors agree on consumers contribution to environmental pollution, but they have different points of views concerning whether individuals or industrialists cause more environmental pollution.
In today’s world, a lot of fast fashion is made pretty cheap. In the book, Sugar Changed The World, a description of slavery and the issue with sugar in the 18th and 19th centuries is displayed. In the movie True Cost, a description on the world of fast fashion today and the worker issues and production of the clothes are displayed, which are very similar to those of the sugar world. Producers do as much as they can to get work done at a cheap price, not thinking of the true cost on the workers. With sugar back in the 16th and 17th century, workers were treated similarly.
More education should inform more people globally to understand to ongoing issues with the garment industry to evoke global change. Consumers should be informed as to why prices of apparel should not be at the inexpensive cost that it is now, because of the underlying reasons of how the company gets the clothing to that price. Inexpensive, fast fashion from stores like H&M, Forever 21, and Joe Fresh may seem most budget friendly but are not environmentally or sustainable globally. The demand for fast fashion should be brought to political action to help make a global change for the endangered workers of the garment industry. Overall, “The True Cost” does an outstanding job at pointing out the impacts of consumers and their fast fashion choices.
Although fashion moves faster and faster the concept of clothing hasn't changed much in over the years. It continues to shape the identities of individuals and societies around the world. Fabric is still being used to cover our body and continues to signify social code. Although clothing plays a role in identifying differences among individuals within different socioeconomic levels, it serves many practical uses as well.
The evolution of fashion industry should be in trend with the technology developments. Technology is the driver of transformation supported by government incentives. The options could be as below • Fabrics used should be new high-tech. Some examples could be nano-tech fabrics and programmable clothing, use of biodegradable non toxic spray-on clothing • Clothes for each could be designed using 3D body scanners which will allow people to “try on” clothes in virtual mirrors and interactive screens • Switching to a “low-carbon” economy based on renewable
Introduction The modern fashion industry has a dreadful reputation in the area of human rights. The industry was built on abusive labor since the Industrial Revolution. In 1990´s the sweatshop scandals came up to public scrutiny involving large companies, like Nike and Gap. Since then, the public has been aware of abuses across the clothing supply chain. Nearly 1 billion people are employed by the fashion industry worldwide, the majority of whom live and work in peril, unjust and austere conditions.
The word fashion design, the fabrication of fashionable clothes, originated from Paris, France. Paris was known to influence fashion and it also had names like fashion capital, fashion became more influential in the nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Jen Viegas claims that individuals first wore clothing about 170,000 years ago after the “second-to-last ice age.” Scientific researchers performed on lice’s DNA because of the relation between clothes and lice. The first, fashion designed piece was a dress, History of Fashion states that the royal court was the original inspiration for the expansion of the dress, the royal court would often get their pieces made anonymously.
FSA Practice Essay: Clothing Over Time Clothing has existed in many cultures for thousands years, and clothes have advanced in their style and functionality over all of these years. From ready-made apparel used in the America Civil War to using computers to design clothes during the 21st century, clothing has come a long way from its origins. Preferences in clothing changed drastically as well, going from preferring style over comfort to comfort over style and back again countless times throughout the years. Overall, the evolution of clothing has been one of the biggest in terms of items for humans and will most likely grow even further into the future with new and better technology.
As quoted in Coco Chanel: a woman of her own (Axel Madsen, p124), ‘’ fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening. ’’ (Refer to appendix 1) Fashion is everywhere nowadays and is having more and more impact in our daily life. Fashion existed in different forms.
Emergence of fast fashion has brought a drastic change in the fashion industry on a global level. Over the past decade it has brought a significant development in the retail sector as well as consumer behavior. This essay highlights the challenges and the opportunities as well as short term and long-term impacts of fast fashion on the industry. Fashion is a style of clothing or dressing at a particular time or place. Fashion is dynamic that is it keeps changing or evolving with time.
A garments lifecycle starts from when the fibres for the fabric are collected, whether this is pulling cotton of a cotton plant or unwinding silk worm cocoons for silk fibres even using the hair from a shorn goat. From there on out, everything that is done to the fibres all contribute to the lifecycle of a product. Lifecycle, innovation and sustainability is something that a majority of designers strive to achieve. All three of these aspects combined produce a long-lasting, durable, purposeful, fashionable and beautiful piece of art-wear that is not harmful too our environment. If a consumer chooses to do so, they are able to up-cycle or recycle this garment.