The rationales used to legitimize the conquest of Africa were influenced by theories that encouraged that society be organized in a way that the nation-state and industrial capitalism characterized the most advanced forms of social organization. Therefore, the Europeans thought that it was their responsibility and duty, as the more superior race, to conquer the “lower” civilizations and bring peace and prosperity upon them. “White Man’s Burden” would be an example of a poem that “gave permission” to the white colonizers to enforce Western civilization on the black inhabitants of Africa. The Europeans viewed their colonizing as a civilizing mission or “burden” that the black inhabitants should be thankful for. (Gellar 1986, 126) Another theory that was used to legitimize European rule would be social darwinism which was derived from Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.
The Europeans believed that they could change this new land to be more like Europe, because they believed Europe was the superior country. The Europeans believed they were colonizing unclaimed land. Ethnocentrism played a role in the imperialism and colonization of Africa because Europe felt superior to Africa, Europe wanted their land and natural resources, and because they felt like they were educating Africans and giving them a better life. As stated in an except from a lecture by John Ruskin, he felt that the greatness of England should be spread to every other nation. The document describes Europe as the world’s source of light and a center of peace.
Thematic Essay: Explain how European Imperialism influenced both Africa and India in similar and different ways. The Influence of the European Imperialism on Africa and India Imperialism influenced both Africa and India in similar and different ways. To understand these ways, firstly, there should be a general idea of what imperialism is. It is something that has existed since the earliest times of human civilization. The point of it was to get hold of natural resources, subdue enemies, accumulate wealth, and to win power, supremacy, and glory.
Another example of where cultures put biases in place can be seen in the essay “Where Worlds Collide” by Pico Iyer. The author states, “Heads still partly in the clouds, bodies still several time zones - or centuries - away, and they step into the Promised Land.” The bias that is being shown here is that other cultures perceive the American culture to be a culture that lets you follow your dreams and find many opportunities to make a living. While some of the restrictions placed upon civilians are as strict as their previous countries’, the restrictions in place are much different. This shows that a culture can create their own bias for others to look at, giving people to think certain things about the culture they are living
Coloniality of power is a concept/phrase originally coined by Anibal Quijano. The concept itself refers to interconnecting the practices and legacies of European colonialism in social orders and forms of knowledge. More specifically, it describes the lasting legacy of colonialism within modern society in the form of social and racial discrimination that has been incorporated into today’s social orders. Furthermore, it identifies the racial, political and social hierarchies enforced by European colonialists in Latin America that gave value to certain people while marginalizing others. Quijano’s main argument is based around the notion that the colonial structure of power created a class system, where Spaniards and other light skinned ethnicities
Pride was one of the leading factors of Imperialism in Africa; Europeans wanted to express their power by taking over different African colonies. Germany, like the other big European colonies, focused on that power as a whole. “Should the New German Reich wish to prove and maintain it’s… position of power… It will have to take up the same culture-mission and delay
Lewis proved he was not one for hesitation when it came to voicing his theories about the universe. Carefully manufacturing his first theory with inductive reasoning, Lewis is sure to incorporate logical thinking in his argument for the Law of Human Nature by pointing out different pieces of evidence to larger, more universal statements. He makes general observations after comparisons with different universal laws as well as different civilizations throughout time. Following these remarks, he delves further into his theory that people don’t need to be taught the Law of Nature, but that almost everyone knows it by nature. In the second paragraph, Lewis further establishes logical persuasion by pointing out his “Power Behind” theory with deductive reasoning.
Several reasons European nations began to colonize Africa included political competition and ideological superiority; however, economic profit was the primary driving force to imperialize Africa. One of the several reasons European
1. Freedom was part of the colonial project and one of the most important justifications for the imperial occupation of Africa. The African continent was seen as an space of cruel slave domination. The slavery was understood as savagery, and the freedom as the main characteristic of the civilized world. Despite those interpretation, the relationship between freedom and slavery was less clear on the East African coast: ties originated from kinship and serfdom had a different meaning in this space.
What indigenous values in African tribes provide a framework for tribal customs in contrast the white European family values that are imposed on him and his family? 6.Why does Okonkwo become militant in response to British colonialism? In what ways does he take such as radical approach in the opposition of British colonialism? 7.What are the main features of Igbo identity that Okonkwo retained during the British occupation of Nigeria? Analysis Presentation: The novel, Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, defines an important literary example of the historical conflict of European colonialism in Nigeria during the