Anti Discrimination In Social Work

1420 Words6 Pages
KATO MOTLHATLHEDI
201302150
BSW 204(THEORIES IN SOCIAL WORK)
QUESTION: “Social workers have to be committed to anti-discriminatory and anti-oppressive practice. If we do not challenge oppression, no-one else will.” Critically appraise this statement, paying attention to the Botswana context

INTRODUCTION
In order for one to understand what anti-oppression and anti-discrimination are, they have to first understand what oppression and discrimination are. Below are the definitions of the terms;
“Oppression is a denial of equal liberty…a denial of the opportunity to develop one’s higher capacities for progressive thought and action”, (Cudd, 2006). AND “…to call something discrimination is to criticize it, to assert what is wrong”, (Hellman,
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2). This approach combines methodologies that are able to address the complex, multi-layered character of oppression, with its objective, structural aspects as well as its subjective, phenomenological dimensions. Whereas quantitative methods may be used to provide measurable, empirical data regarding the structural expressions of oppression, more qualitative, ‘bottom-up’, interpretive methods may be suitable for reflecting the experience of oppression. The study of oppression should also address the predominant cultural images that underpin the inferior status of the oppressed, whether consciously or unconsciously. The reproduction of these symbolic constructions strengthens hegemonic discourses in ways that demonize, dehumanize and stigmatize the oppressed. Narrative, constructivist research may be conducive to revealing internalized oppression among the oppressed themselves.
ENVIRONMENT
Anti-oppression social work proposes a methodology that is responsive to the long-term traumatic nature of oppression. Oppression is a painful experience based on the systemic reversal of the right of self-determination. Therefore, the environment should establish a safe space for reflection and self-inquiry, and should provide ongoing therapeutic support
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They highlight the importance of striking a better balance between service users and the principles of diversity. Social workers have a right to work in an environment without discrimination too. Social workers should involve themselves in mass action to challenge prejudice and injustice against marginalized groups. In order for social workers to be able to be committed to anti-discriminatory and anti-oppressive practice they should understand the approaches clearly. A clear understanding of these approaches is as

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