Anti Pilling Research

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Survey of the Anti-pilling Treatment of Polyester/Cotton Fabric Abstract: Pilling is caused by a natural fibre migration from the yarns to the fabric surface as the fabric rubs against itself, another fabric, or even the skin. The main aim of this research is to investigate the effect of anti-pilling treatment on polyester/cotton fabric by using the anti-pilling agent. The objectives of this research are to apply the anti-pilling agent on polyester/cotton fabric with various concentrations and to analyse the effects of anti-pilling treatment on polyester/cotton fabric. Physical properties of the anti-pilling treated fabric such as air permeability, fabric stiffness, breaking strength and crease recovery are tested and analysed. According…show more content…
Anti-pilling agent can be applied to the fabric to remove pills and fuzz from fabric surface and to reduce the tendency of pilling. This research is intended to apply the anti-pilling agent on polyester/cotton fabric by using pad-dry-cure method. In this study, polyacrylate is used as anti-pilling agent in order to get the anti-pilling effect, salicylic acid is used as carrier and amino silicone is used as fabric…show more content…
The machine is run 1000 cycles for all fabrics. The weight of the specimen holder is set at 3kPa and the same fabric is used as abradant. The pilling test is carried out at Department of Textile Engineering in Yangon Technological University. And then, the degree of pilling formation is assessed by comparing with arbitrary rating scales. In this scale, five rating are denoted. Grade 5 represents as no pilling, grade 4 represents as slight pilling, grade 3 represents as moderate pilling, grade 2 represents as severe pilling and grade 1 represents as very severe pilling. Figure 4.1 shows the pilling test results of untreated and treated fabrics. According to the test results, the pilling ratings of all treated fabrics are increased to 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, and 4.5 after treatment. Among the treated fabrics, PC32 gives the best anti-pilling result. It is due to the fact that polyacrylate is surface coating material and it can be linked to cellulose fibre via N-methylol group. Moreover, carrier causes swelling of fibre and allowing larger polymer molecules to diffuse rapidly into the fibres. In addition, amino functional silicone influences on fabric pilling by reducing static and preventing lint from clinging to the fabric

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