Written in 411 B.C, Aristophanes staged his anti war comedy, Lysistrata, which was a social commentary criticizing the futility of the Peloponnesian War and womens rights. Not only did Aristophanes criticize the War, but he added humour to the fatal conflict between Athens, Sparta and other city states. He empowered greek women of the time through his writing by providing them with voices in a highly male dominated society. Although purely fictional, this play has had a significant impact on our society today and is seen as some of Aristophanes greatest work.
Lysistrata has had enough of the Peloponnesian War and was sick and tired of the way women were being treated. She decided to change both those things. She meets with the women of Athens and their allies and convinces them to withhold sex from their husbands until they agree to sign a peace treaty. She also asks the Athenian women to seize the acropolis. Similarly, Lysistrata went and asked the Spartan women and their allies to do the same. Both groups of women agree. They withhold sex from their husband for many days. The men of Athens try to smoke the women out of the acropolis with big fires. They are unsuccessful and women dump buckets of water on their heads instead. A man comes to find his wife and asks to her to make love. She repeatedly makes him fetch things so that they would be comfortable when they make love. She asks him if he would sign the treaty of peace and he responds by saying