Antidepressant Research Paper

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The four types of antidepressant medications that are the most common. These medications are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), as Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs), Atypical Antidepressants, and Tricyclic Antidepressants. Each has similar side effects, while others have different effects on the human body. The first main type of antidepressant is Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) which job is to ease depression by affecting the chemical messengers, which are used to interconnect between all the brain cells. SSRIs block the reabsorption of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. SSRIs approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat depression, with their generic names which include Citalopram, Escitalopram,…show more content…
In Depression (major depression disorders) state that the side effects that you get from taking SSRIs may possibly include: nausea, nervousness, agitation or restlessness dizziness, drowsiness, insomnia, weight gain or loss, headache, dry mouth, vomiting, and diarrhea. (Staff) Another main type of antidepressants is Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) which are to ease depression by affecting chemical messengers used to communicate between brain cells. Like most antidepressants, MAOIs work by changing the levels of brain chemicals. An enzyme called monoamine oxidase is involved in removing the neurotransmitters norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine from the brain. MAOIs are sometimes used to treat conditions other than depression, such as Parkinson 's disease. The Food and Drug Administration has approved these MOAIs to treat depression. Using a patch may cause fewer side effects than MAOIs taken by mouth. Because…show more content…
Another well none antidepressant is Tricyclic and Tetracyclic these are older antidepressants. Symptoms of depression result when certain brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) get out of balance. These medicines balance the brain chemicals, which may help the symptoms of depression. Cyclic antidepressants block the absorption of the neurotransmitters, serotonin, and norepinephrine, making more of these chemicals available in the brain. This seems to help brain cells send and receive messages. Cyclic antidepressants also affect other chemical messengers, which can lead to a number of side effects. Cyclic antidepressants are designated as tricyclic or tetracyclic, depending on the number of rings in their chemical structure - three or four. These antidepressants are used to treat conditions other than depression, such as anxiety disorders or nerve-related pain. . They generally have more side effects than newer antidepressants such as SSRIs and other newer antidepressants. The most common side effects listed in Mayo Clinic website include dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, urinary retention, drowsiness, increased appetite leading to weight gain, drop in blood pressure when moving from sitting to standing, which can cause lightheadedness, increased

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